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Gastropholis echinata (COPE, 1862)

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Eremiadinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymLacerta (Zootoca) echinata COPE 1862: 189
Lacerta hirticauda VAILLANT 1884: 168
Lacerta langi SCHMIDT 1919: 492 (fide ARNOLD 1989)
Lacerta (Centromastix) echinata — WITTE & LAURENT 1942: 171
Centromastix echinatus — LAURENT 1958: 118
Lacerta echinata — WELCH 1982
Centromastyx echinata — JOGER 1983
Gastropholis echinata — ARNOLD 1989
Gastropholis echinata — RÖDEL 1996
Gastropholis echinata — BISCHOFF 2005 
DistributionLiberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, C Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire)  
TypesHolotype: lost, was USNM 5995
Holotype: AMNH 10525, Medje, Ituri Forest [langi]
Holotype: MNHN-RA 6454 [hirticauda] 
CommentSynonymy mostly after Arnold 1989: 543.

Distribution: For a map with localities in Equatorial Guinea see SÁNCHEZ-VIALAS et al. 2022. 
  • Arnold, E. N. 1989. Towards a phylogeny and biogeography of the Lacertidae: relationships within an Old-World family of lizards derived from morphology. Bulletin of the British Museum (NATURAL HISTORY) ZOOLOGY 55 (2): 209-257 - get paper here
  • Arnold, E. N. 1989. Systematics and adaptive radiation of Equatorial African lizards assigned to the genera Adolfus, Bedriagaia, Gastropholis, Holaspis, and Lacerta (Reptilia: Lacertidae). Journal of Natural History 23: 525-555 - get paper here
  • Arnold, E.N. 1989. Systematics and adaptive radiation of Equatorial African lizards assigned to the genera Adolfus, Bedriagaia, Gastropholis, Holaspis and Lacerta (Reptilia: Lacertidae) Journal of Natural History 23: 525-555 - get paper here
  • Bischoff, W. 2005. Die echten Eidechsen der Familie Lacertidae - eine Übersicht. Draco 5 (21): 4-27 - get paper here
  • Chirio, L. & Lebreton, M. 2007. Atlas des reptiles du Cameroun. MNHN, IRD, Paris 688 pp.
  • Cope, E.D. 1862. On Lacerta echinata and Tiliqua dura. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 1862: 189-191 - get paper here
  • Joger U 1983. Book Review: Welch, Herpetology of Africa, Krieger 1982. Salamandra 19 (1-2): 102-104 - get paper here
  • Laurent, R.F. 1958. Notes herpétologiques africaines II. Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 58 (1–2): 115–128
  • Pauwels, O. S. G., T. Biyogho Bi Essono II, P. Carlino, L. Chirio, B. Huijbregts, T. E. J. Leuteritz, D. Rousseaux, E. Tobi, C. Vigna and W. Van Neer 2017. Miscellanea Herpetologica Gabonica VII. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 52: 1 - get paper here
  • Rödel,M. O. 1996. Bemerkungen zu einem Fund von Gastropholis echinata (COPE 1862) aus der Elfenbeinküste. Die Eidechse 7 (17): 19-23 - get paper here
  • SÁNCHEZ-VIALAS, A., CALVO-REVUELTA, M. & DE LA RIVA, I. 2022. Synopsis of the terrestrial Reptiles of Equatorial Guinea. Zootaxa, 5202 (1): 1-197 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, Karl Patterson 1919. Contributions to the Herpetology of the Belgian Congo based on the Collection of the American Congo Expedition, 1909-1915. Part I: turtles, crocodiles, lizards, and chamaeleons. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 39 (2): 385-624 - get paper here
  • Taylor, Edward H.;Weyer, Dora 1958. Report on a collection of amphibians and reptiles from Harbel, Republic of Liberia. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 38 (14): 1191-1229 - get paper here
  • Trape, J.F.; Trape, S. & Chirio, L. 2012. Lézards, crocodiles et tortues d'Afrique occidentale et du Sahara. IRD Orstom, 503 pp. - get paper here
  • WITTE, G.-F. DE & R.F. LAURENT 1942. Liste des Lacertidae du Congo Belge et description d’une espèce nouvelle. Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines, Bruxelles, 36 (2): 165-180 - get paper here
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