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Gehyra insulensis (GIRARD, 1858)

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Pacific Stump-toed Gecko
G: Pazifischer Vierkrallengecko 
SynonymDactyloperus insulensis GIRARD 1858: 195
Gehyra insulensis — BOULENGER 1885: 150
Gehyra insulanus — UNDERWOOD 1954
Gehyra insulensis — ZUG et al. 2012
Gehyra insulensis — ZUG 2013: 82
Gehyra insulensis — BUDEN & TABOROŠI 2016 
DistributionCook Islands (Roratonga), Tonga, Micronesia

Type locality: Sandwich Islands  
Reproduction 
TypesLecotype: USNM 21219 (designated by WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985) 
CommentSynonymy: Gehyra insulensis has been synonymized with G. mutilata by many previous authors but more recently accepted as a valid species. Sometimes cited as GIRARD 1857.

Diagnosis: G. insulensis seems to be different from G. mutilata only genetically. Adults 36–50 mm SVL (vs. 59–84 mm in G. oceanica). Tail flattened cylindrical without distinct segmentation (oceanica with distinct segmentation) and with a ventrolateral bor- der of small elongate scales; distinct digital pads with 8–9 subdigital lamellae (12-16 in oceanica) on fourth digit of hindfoot (modified after Zug 2013: plate 5). 
EtymologyNamed after the Greek word “peros” = mutilated and “pous” = foot. McKeown (1996) states that Gehyra mutilata might have been present in Hawaii before the arrival of Europeans. 
References
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Buden, Donald W. & Danko Taboroši 2016. Reptiles of the Federated States of Micronesia. Island Research and Education Initiative, 311 pp. - get paper here
  • Girard, C. 1858. Descriptions of some new Reptiles, collected by the US. Exploring Expedition under the command of Capt. Charles Wilkes, U.S.N. Fourth Part. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci Philadelphia 1857: 195-199 - get paper here
  • Underwood, GARTH 1954. On the classifcation and evolution of geckos. Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 124 (3): 469-492
  • Zug, G. R., I. Ineich, G. Pregill, and A. M. Hamilton. 2012. Lizards of Tonga and a description of a new Tongan treeskink (Squamata: Scincidae: Emoia samoensis Group). Pacific Science 66(2):225-237 - get paper here
  • ZUG, G.R. 2013. Reptiles and Amphibians of the Pacific Islands. University of California Press, Berkeley, 306 pp. - get paper here
 
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