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Gekko gecko (LINNAEUS, 1758)

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Sauria (lizards: geckos) 
SubspeciesGekko gecko gecko (LINNAEUS 1758)
Gekko gecko azhari MERTENS 1955 
Common NamesE: Tokay Gecko, Tuctoo, Tokeh-tokeh
G: Tokeh 
SynonymLacerta Gecko LINNAEUS 1758: 205
Gekko verticillatus LAURENTI 1768 (fide TAYLOR 1963)
Gekko teres LAURENTI 1768
Gekko aculeatus HOUTTUYN 1782 (non Gecko aculeatus SPIX 1825)
Gekko perlatus HOUTTUYN 1782
Gekko guttatus DAUDIN 1802
Gekko verus MERREM 1820: 42
Gekko annulatus KUHL 1820: 132
Platydactylus guttatus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1836: 328
Gekko tenuis [HALLOWELL 1857]
Gekko indicus [GIRARD 1858]
Gymnodactylus tenuis HALLOWELL 1856 — BOULENGER 1885: 22
Gecko verticillatus [sic] — BOULENGER 1885: 183
Gecko verticillatus [sic] — BOULENGER 1894: 82
Gekko gecko — BARBOUR 1912
Gecko verticillatus — DE ROOIJ 1915: 56
Gekko gecko — TAYLOR 1963: 799
Gekko gecko — KLUGE 1993
Gekko gecko — RÖSLER 1995: 120
Gekko gecko — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 231
Gekko gecko — COX et al. 1998: 82
Gekko gecko — ZIEGLER 2002: 165
Gekko df. gecko — JESTRZEMSKI et al. 2013

Gekko gecko azhari MERTENS 1955
Gekko gecko azhari — MAHONY et a. 2009 
DistributionBangladesh, India (Assam, Mizoram, etc.), Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar (= Burma), Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia, S China (incl. Hong Kong, Guangxi, Taiwan), Philippine Islands (Palawan, Calamian Islands, Panay, Luzon, Mindoro, Bohol, Masbate),
Indonesia (Borneo, Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi, Lombok, Flores, Timor, Aru, Komodo),
Sulu Archipelago, Timor-Leste
USA (introduced to Florida and Hawaii [fide McKeown]), introduced to Martinique (Caribbean)

azhari: Bangladesh

Type locality: “Indiis” (in error); “Java” (designated by MERTENS 1955)

tenuis: Philippine Islands (Luzon); Type locality: Philippine Islands, Luzon, Manila. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: unknown (fide SANG et al. 2009)
Holotype: ANSP 7392 [tenuis] 
CommentDistribution: Records from Australia, the Marianas and Phnpei represent erroneous localities or accidental introductions. A recent accidental introduction into Guam from the Philippines has been documented (McCoid 1993). Reported from but not listed by DAS 1999 for the Andaman Islands. Reported from Taiwan but apparently not established there (OTA 1989). Reported from E Pakistan (Barkal), but KHAN (pers. comm.) states it doesn’t occur there. Synonymy mainly after KLUGE 1993.

Karyotype: The karyotype formula is 2n = 38 = 8m + 2sm + 2st + 26t in red-spotted tokay geckos from Laos compared with 2n = 38 = 8m + 2sm + 28t in black-spotted tokay geckos from Guangxi China, indicating that they may belong to different species (Qinet al. 2012).

Synonymy: Gecko Reevesii GRAY 1831 has been resurrected from synonymy of G. gecko.

Size: One of the biggest geckos (reaching 350 mm or more).

Type species: Gekko verticillatus LAURENTI 1768 is the type species of the genus Gekko LAURENTI 1768. 
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