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Gekko guishanicus LIN & YAO, 2016

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common Names 
SynonymGekko guishanicus LIN & YAO 2016
Gekko (Japonigekko) guishanicus — WOOD et al. 2019
Gekko (Japonigekko) guishanicus — WOOD et al. 2020 
DistributionTaiwan (Guishan Isle)

Type locality: Guishan Isle, Toucheng Township, Yilan County, northeast Taiwan.  
TypesHolotype: TMRL (also as NTM) 0461 (originally given as TMRL) (National Taiwan Museum), (Figure 4 & 5 in Lin & Yao 2016), adult male; Paratypes: National Taiwan Museum TMRL 0473 and 0474, adult males both on 10 Aug. 1998; TMRL 0441 and 0450, adult females on 27 May 1997 and 10 Nov. 1997, all paratypes are collected at same locality as holotype, by Jun-Tsong Lin. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A small species of Gekko, Habitus slightly depressed, Digits long, relatively narrow; nostril in contact with rostral scale; internasal scale between two nasorostral scales and contact with rostral scale; ear opening oblique, oval; postmentals two, enlarged, each side have 2-4 submental scales, 2-3 larynx scales in behind the postmentals and about 2/3-1/3 to postmental; finger and toe webbing weakly developed; Lamella single row, subdigital lamellae on first toe 8-10 (Figure 9); precloacal pores six to eight in males, absent in females (Figure 10); enlarge tubercle lacking on dorsal surfaces of body and limbs (Figure 11 & 12); postcloacal tubercle single and present on both side surface of tail base; SVL 54-64 (mean x = 59.7) in adults, paratype of males are 60 and 64, paratype of females are 64 and 60mm (Table 4); HL 12.80-16.45 (x = 14.65); HW 9.90-12.80 (x = 11.31); SE 5.20-7.80 (x = 6.46); OD 3.25-4.90 (x = 3.88); EE 4.15-5.34 (x = 4.67). Dorsum with six thin, wide dark bands between nape and sacrum; tail with six or more dark bands (Figure 4). Different between G. hokouensis and G. guishanicus (Table 3). 
CommentSimilar species: Gekko hokouensis

Abundance: only known from its original description (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Lin, Jun-Tsong and Chiou-Ju Yao 2016. A New Species of the Genus Gekko (Squamata: Sauria: Gekkonidae) from Guishan Isle, Yilan County, Taiwan. [in Chinese and English] 國立臺灣博物館學刊 69(2):1-14 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Wood Jr, Perry L.; Xianguang Guo, Scott L. Travers, Yong-Chao Su, Karen V. Olson, Aaron M. Bauer, L. Lee Grismer, Cameron D. Siler, Robert G. Moyle, Michael J. Andersen, Rafe M. Brown 2019. Parachute geckos free fall into synonymy: Gekko phylogeny, and a new subgeneric classification, inferred from thousands of ultraconserved elements. bioRxiv 717520 [preprint] - get paper here
  • Wood, P. L., Guo, X., Travers, S. L., Su, Y. C., Olson, K. V., Bauer, A. M., Grismer, L. L., Siler, C. D., Moyle, R. G., Andersen, M. J. and Brown, R. M. 2020. Parachute geckos free fall into synonymy: Gekko phylogeny, and a new subgeneric classification, inferred from thousands of ultraconserved elements. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 146: 106731 [corrigendum: MPE 164: 107255] - get paper here
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