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Gekko monarchus (SCHLEGEL, 1836)

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Spotted House Gecko
G: Grosser Malaiischer Hausgecko 
SynonymPlatydactylus monarchus SCHLEGEL in DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1836: 335
Platydactylus (Scelotretus) Monarchus - FITZINGER 1843: 101
Gecko monarchus - GRAY 1845: 161
Platydactylus monorchis — BLEEKER 1857 (nom. subst.)
Platydactylus monorchus - BLEEKER 1860 (in error)
Platydactylus burmeisteri GIEBEL 1861
Platydactylus deissneri GIEBEL 1861
Gecko monarchus — FISCHER 1885: 3
Gecko monarchus — BOULENGER 1885: 187
Gecko monarchus — BOULENGER 1894: 82
Gecko monarchus — DE ROOIJ 1915: 54
Gekko monarchus - TAYLOR 1917
Gekko monarchus — TAYLOR 1922
Gekko monachus — HARRISON 1928 (in error)
Gekko tuberculatus - KLUGE 1991 (nom. subst.)
Gekko tuberculosus - KLUGE 1993: 13
Gekko monarchus — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 233
Gekko monarchus — COX et al. 1998: 83
Gekko monarchus — GAULKE 1999
Gekko monarchus — GRISMER 2011 
DistributionS Thailand (Narathiwar, Phang Nga), Malaysian peninsula, Pulau Tioman, Pulau Pangkor, Johor: Pulau Besar,
Philippines (Palawan, Calamian Islands, Mindoro, Luzon, Camiguin Sur, Surigao del Sur), Singapore, Kei islands,
Indonesia (Borneo, Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi, Nias, Ambon, Ceram, Irian Jaya), Papua New Guinea

Type locality: Amboine (= Ambon, Indonesia) Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: MNHN 2286 
CommentSynonymy: "Kluge recognized Gekko tuberculatus (= tuberculosus) Daudin 1802 as a senior synonym of Gekko monarchus (Duméril & [Bibron] 1836). [...] Subsequent usage by early authors (e.g. Fitzinger 1843) suggest that G. tuberculosus is a senior subjective synonym of Hemidactylus mabouia (Moreau de Jonnès 1818). This was also the conclusion of Brygoo (1991) who reviewed the question and suggested that G. tuberculosus be regarded as a forgotten name" (Bauer 1994).
KLUGE 1993 lists G. monarchus as a synonym of G. tuberculosus.

Distribution: Has been erroneously reported from Sri Lanka, but not present there (SOMAWEERA & SOMAWEERA 2009). 
References
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  • Bauer, A.M. 2004. An accidental importation of Gekko monarchus into Africa. Hamadryad 28 (1&2): 122-123 - get paper here
  • Bauer,A.M. 1994. Liste der rezenten Amphibien und Reptilien: Gekkonidae I (Australia). Das Tierreich, Vol. 108, W. de Gruyter & Co. (Berlin)
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  • Brown, Rafe M.; Cameron D. Siler, Carl H. Oliveros, Arvin C. Diesmos, and Angel C. Alcala 2011. A New Gekko from Sibuyan Island, Central Philippines. Herpetologica 67 (4): 460-476. - get paper here
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