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Gekko smithii GRAY, 1842

IUCN Red List - Gekko smithii - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Smith's (Green-eyed) Gecko, Large Forest Gecko
G: Smith’ Grünaugengecko 
SynonymGekko smithii GRAY 1842: 57
Platydactylus stentor CANTOR 1847: 624
Gecko Smithii — DUMÉRIL 1856:449
Gecko Smithii — ANDERSON 1871:150
Gecko Smithii — MÜLLER 1882:124
Gecko Stentor — GÜNTHER 1864:103
Gecko Stentor — BOULENGER 1889:143 (in part)
Gecko Stentor — BOULENGER 1890:103 (in part)
Gecko Stentor — BOULENGER 1912:51 (in part)
Gecko Stentor — MÜLLER 1895:832 (in part)
Gecko Stentor — FLOWER 1896:867 (in part)
Gecko Stentor — FLOWER 1899:634 (in part)
Gecko Stentor — ANNANDALE 1906:92
Gecko Stentor — DE ROOIJ 1915:57 (in part)
Gecko Stentor — THEOBALD 1876:72
Gekko stentor — BRONGERSMA 1934:165
Gekko smithi — SMITH 1935:113 (in part)
Gekko smithi — TAYLOR 1963:803 (in part)
Gekko smithi — BISWAS 1984:477 (in part)
Gecko smithii — MERTENS 1946:16
Gekko gecko — BISWAS & SANYAL 1977:111 (in part)
Gekko smithii — WERMUTH 1965:40 (in part)
Gekko smithii — KLUGE 1967:135 (in part);
Gekko smithii — GROSSMANN & ULBER 1990:9
Gekko smithii — KLUGE 1991:10 (in part)
Gekko smithii — OTA et al. 1991:147
Gekko smithii — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997:234 (in part)
Gekko smithii — COX et al. 1998: 82 (may be hulk)
Gekko smithii — CHAN-ARD et al. 1999: 124 (may be hulk)
Gekko smithii — GRISMER 2011a:127 (in part)
Gekko smithii — GRISMER 2011b:469 (in part)
Gekko albofasciolatus — OTA et al. 1991: 150 (in part)
Gekko (Gekko) smithii — WOOD et al. 2020: 7 (in part)
Gekko cf. smithii — CHANDRAMOULI et al. 2021:108 (in part)
Gekko smithii — GRISMER et al. 2022 
DistributionS Thailand (Satun, Narathiwatk Pattani), W Malaysia (Pulau Pinang, Pulau Pangkor, Perak, Pahang, Selangor, Pulau Tioman)

Type locality: Prince of Wales’ Island (= Pulau Pinang, West Malaysia)  
TypesType: BMNH 1946.8.14.71 (and possibly additional specimens).
Syntypes: MLUH [albomaculatus] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Gekko smithii sensu stricto herein after referred to as G. smithii unless noted otherwise can be separated from all other species of Gekko in the G. smithii species complex by having the combination of a maximum SVL of 191.1 mm, 11–17 supralabials, 9–14 infralabials, 3–6 internarial scales, 19–26 frontal scales, 4–9 chin scales, 94–137 midbody scales, 17–23 paravertebral tubercles, 8–11 longitudinal rows of tubercles, 23–35 ventral scales, 15–20 1st toe subdigital lamellae, 19–24 4th toe lamellae; 13–15 precloacal pores in males (absent in females); en- larged subcaudal scales; thin, white nuchal band at base of occiput composed of closely spaced spots; thin dark nuchal band contacting the eyes; large white ocelli sur- rounding dorsal tubercles or bordering them posteriorly in six or seven transverse rows; and a thick dark reticulum to diffuse banded dorsal pattern (Tables 9, 10) (Grismer et al. 2022). 
CommentSimilar species: G. taylori and G. gecko. Also similar to G. verreauxii (from the Andaman and Nicobar Islands) and G. siamensis (from C-Thailand). Reported from but not listed by DAS 1999 for the Andaman Islands.

Group: Grismer et al. 2022 included 4 species in the G. smithii complex: G. smithii, albofaciolatus, albomaculatus, and hulk.

Synonymy: mostly after Grismer et al. 2022; Gekko albofasciolatus and Platydactylus (= Gekko) albomaculatus have been removed from the synonymy of G. smithii and revalidated by Grismer et al. 2022.

Distribution: With the description of G. hulk, the range of G. smithii was restriced to Thailand and parts of peninsular Malaysia, with the previous records from the southern peninsular Malaysia, Borneo and Sumatra now assigned to G. hulk, G. albofasciolatus, and G. albomaculatus, although the latter two are based on only a few molecular samples. See map in Grismer et al. 2022: 48 (Fig. 1). 
EtymologyNamed after Andrew Smith (1797-1872), Scottish zoologist and first Superintendent of the South African Museum in Cape Town. 
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