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Geochelone elegans (SCHOEPFF, 1795)

IUCN Red List - Geochelone elegans - , LR

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Higher TaxaTestudinidae, Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Star Tortoise
G: Indische Sternschildkröte 
SynonymTestudo elegans SCHOEPFF 1795
Testudo stellata SCHWEIGGER 1812
Testudo actinoides BELL 1828
Testudo actinodes [sic] — GRAY 1831
Testudo actinodes — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1835: 66
Testudo megalopus BLYTH 1853
Testudo actinodes — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 220
Testudo actinodes — SOWERBY 1872
Testudo elegans — MURRAY 1886: 6
? Testudo stellata — BOULENGER 1887: 407
Geochelone elegans — PRITCHARD 1967
Geochelone elegans — DAS 1996: 39
Geochelone elegans — MCCORD & JOSEPH-OUNI 2004
Geochelone elegans — LE et al. 2006 
DistributionPakistan, India (from Orissa in the east and Sind and Kutch in the west southward to the tip of the peninsula, Gujarat, Kerala, Tamil Nadu), Sri Lanka, and on other small offshore islands

Introduced to Florida (USA)

Type locality: "India orientali".  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesTypes: Not found, but in his original description, Schoepf stated that the specimen illustrated was from the ". . .Museis Hagae Comitis et Harlemi. . ." (? =TSMHN) (cited after KING & BURKE 1989). 
Diagnosis 
CommentWallin 1977, Zoon 5:77-78, demonstrated that the Linnaean type of Testudo geometrica is this species rather than Psammobates geometricus; see further comment under the latter species. See also Smith 1931:138 (as Testudo elegans).

Type species: Testudo stellata SCHWEIGGER 1812 is the type species of the genus Geochelone FITZINGER 1836 (1835). 
Etymology 
References
  • Bhupathy, Subramanian & N. Sathishkumar 2013. Status of reptiles in Meghamalai and its environs, Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 5 (15): 4953-4961 - get paper here
  • Bonin, F., Devaux, B. & Dupré, A. 2006. Turtles of the World. English translation by P.C.H. Pritchard. Johns Hopkins University Press, 416 pp.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1887. A list of the reptiles and batrachians obtained near Muscat, Arabia, and presented to the British Museum by Surgeon-Major A.S.G. Jayakar. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 20: 407-408 - get paper here
  • Das, I. et al. 2008. Tortoises and Freshwater Turtles of India. WWF/WII poster
  • De Silva, Anslem and Melita Vamberger. 2016. Observations of Geochelone elegans (Schoepff, 1795) on an island off Kalpitiya Lagoon, Sri Lanka. Radiata (English edition) 25 (1): 23-24
  • De Silva, Anslem and Melita Vamberger. 2016. Beobachtungen an Geochelone elegans (Schoepff, 1795) auf einer Insel in der Kalpitiya Lagune, Sri Lanka. Radiata 25 (1): 23-24
  • Duméril, A. M.C., G. BIBRON & A. DUMÉRIL 1854. Erpétologie générale ou Histoire Naturelle complète des Reptiles. Vol. 9. Paris, XX + 440 S. - get paper here
  • Duméril, A.M.C., and G. Bibron. 1835. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles, Vol. 2. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris, iv + 680 p. - get paper here
  • D’Cruze N et al. 2018. Geochelone elegans (Schoepff 1795) – Indian Star Tortoise, Star Tortoise. In: Rhodin, A.G.J., Iverson, J.B., van Dijk, P.P., Stanford, C.B., Goode, E.V., Buhlmann, K.A., Pritchard, P.C.H., and Mittermeier, R.A. (Eds.). Conservation Biology of Freshwater Turtles and Tortoises: A Compilation Project of the IUCN/SSC Tortoise
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • Fitzinger, Leopold 1836. Entwurf einer Systematischen Anordnung der Schildkröten nach den Grundsätzen der Natürlichen methode. Annalen des Wiener Museums der Naturgeschichte 1 (1): 103-128 [1835][Facsimile Reprint, SSAR 1997] - get paper here
  • Gaur, A.; A. Reddy, S. Annapoorni, B. Satyarebala & S. Shivaji 2006. The origin of Indian Star tortoises (Geochelone elegans) based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA analysis: A story of rescue and repatriation. Conservation Genetics 2006: 231–240
  • Janzen, P.; Klaas, P. & Ziesmann, S. 2007. Adams Zufluchtsort: Sri Lanka. Draco 7 (30): 4-17 - get paper here
  • Karunarathna, Suranjan; D. M. S. and A. A. Thasun Amarasinghe 2011. A PRELIMINARY SURVEY OF THE REPTILE FAUNA IN NILGALA FOREST AND ITS VICINITY, MONARAGALA DISTRICT, SRI LANKA. Taprobanica 3 (02): 69-76
  • Khan, M.S. 2006. Amphibians and reptiles of Pakistan. Krieger, Malabar, 311 pp. - get paper here
  • Le, Minh; Christopher J. Raxworthy, William P. McCord and Lisa Mertz 2006. A molecular phylogeny of tortoises (Testudines: Testudinidae) based on mitochondrial and nuclear genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 450 (2): 517-531 - get paper here
  • McCord, W.P. & Joseph-Ouni, M. 2004. Chelonian Illustrations #13: Asian and Indonesian Tortoises. Reptilia (GB) (33): 35-38 - get paper here
  • Murray, James A. 1886. The reptiles of Sind : a systematic account, with descriptions of all the species inhabiting the province, and a table of their geographical distribution in Persia, Beloochistan, Afghanistan, Punjab, North-west Provinces and the peninsula of India ge London : Richardson & Co - get paper here
  • Murthy, T.S.N. 2010. The reptile fauna of India. B.R. Publishing, New Delhi, 332 pp.
  • Noureen, Uzma 2014. The Star of Pakistan. The Tortoise 1 (3): 38-45 - get paper here
  • Palot, M.J. 2015. A checklist of reptiles of Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(13): 8010–8022 - get paper here
  • Peters, K. 2003. Kurze Bemerkungen zum Alter der Indischen Sternschildkröte Geochelone elegans (SCHOEPFF 1795). Sauria 25 (4): 23 - get paper here
  • Saus, A. 2007. Haltung und Nachzucht der Sternschildkröte Geochelone elegans (SCHOEPFF, 1794) aus Sri Lanka. Draco 7 (30): 50-55 - get paper here
  • Schoepff, J.D. 1792. Historia Testudinum Iconibus Illustrata. [part 1]. J.J. Palm, Erlangae [=Erlangen]. xii + 136 pp. [pp. 1-32] - get paper here
  • Scholdei, J. 2009. Zwillingsschlupf bei Sternschildkröten Geochelone elegans im Allwetterzoo Münster. Sauria 31 (4): 45-47 - get paper here
  • Scholdei, J. 2009. Erst beschlagnahmt, dann vermehrt: Sternschildkröten (Geochelone elegans) im Allwetterzoo Münster. Reptilia (Münster) 14 (77): 59-62 - get paper here
  • Schweigger, A.F. 1812. Prodromus Monographia Cheloniorum auctore Schweigger. Königsberg. Arch. Naturwiss. Mathem., 1: 271-368, 406-458.
  • Smith, Malcolm A. 1931. The Fauna of British India Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Amphibia Volume I.—Loricata, Testudines. Taylor and Francis, London, 185 pp.
  • Sowerby, James de Carle and Edward Lear 1872. Tortoises, terrapins, and turtles: drawn from life.. London, Paris, and Frankfort :H. Sotheran, J. Baer & co. - get paper here
  • Squires, Michiko A.; Michael R. Rochford, and Frank J. Mazzotti 2018. The Indian Star Tortoise, Geochelone elegans (Schoepff 1795) (Testudinidae), a new introduced species in Florida IRCF Reptiles & Amphibians 25 (1): 85 - get paper here
  • Vyas, R. 2010. Ein Fall von Süßwasserschildkröten-Wilderei bei Vadodara City, Bundesstaat Gujarat, Indien. Sauria 32 (3): 53-56 - get paper here
  • Vyas, R. 2012. Carapacial scute anomalies of star tortoise (Geochelone elegans) in Western India. Taprobanica 4 (2): 105-107 - get paper here
  • Vyas, Raju 2006. The Indian Star Tortoise Geochelone elegans - Status in the protected areas of Gujarat and in Indian zoos. Zoos' Print Journal 21(4):2220-2222.
  • Vyas, Raju 2011. Priliminary Survey on Reptiles of Jassore Wildlife Sanctuary, Gujarat State, India. Russ. J. Herpetol. 18 (3): 210-214 - get paper here
  • Vyas, Raju. 2014. Schildanomalien bei der Indischen Sternschildkröte, Geochelone elegans (Schoepff, 1795). Sauria 36 (2): 37-41 - get paper here
  • Wallin, L. 1977. The Linnean type-specimen of Testudo geometrica. Zoon 5:77-78
 
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