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Geochelone platynota (BLYTH, 1863)

IUCN Red List - Geochelone platynota - Critically Endangered, CR

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Higher TaxaTestudinidae, Testudines (turtles) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesBurmese Star Tortoise 
SynonymTestudo platynota BLYTH 1863: 83
Testudo platynota — SMITH 1931: 140
Testudo platinota BOURRET 1941 (error typographicus)
Geochelone platynota — PRITCHARD 1967
Geochelone elegans platynota — OBST 1986
Geochelone platynota — MCCORD & JOSEPH-OUNI 2004
Geochelone platynota — LE et al. 2006 
DistributionMyanmar (= Burma) (from N Myanmar (= Burma) southward to Moulmein)

Type locality: "Lower Pegu," Myanmar (= Burma); by Smith (1931:140), as "Irrawaddy Valley". Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. Temperatu 
TypesSyntypes: ZSI 787–89, but not located. Smith (1931:140), indicates types are in the BMNH and Indian Museum (? =ZSI), however, Boulenger (1889:162), lists BMNH specimens from Theobald, not Blyth. Iverson (1986:144), believes syntypes may be in the IMC. 
CommentThis is one of the most endangered turtle species according to a 2003 assessment by the IUCN. 
References
  • Blyth, EDWARD 1863. Report of the curator, zoological department. J. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, Calcutta, 32 (1): 73-90. - get paper here
  • Bonin, F., Devaux, B. & Dupré, A. 2006. Turtles of the World. English translation by P.C.H. Pritchard. Johns Hopkins University Press, 416 pp.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1889. Catalogue of the Chelonians, Rhynchocephalians, and Crocodiles in the British Museum (Natural History). British Museum, London, 311 pp.
  • Bourret, R. 1941. Les tortues de l'Indochine. Institut Océanographique l'Indochine 38:1-235
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • Iverson, J.B. 1986. A Checklist with Distribution Maps of the Turtles of the World. Paust Printing, Richmond, Indiana. viii + 282 pp.
  • KUCHLING, Gerald; Eric GOODE, Peter PRASCHAG 2011. Endoscopic Imaging of Gonads, Sex Ratio and Temperature Dependent Sex Determination in Captive Bred Juvenile Burmese Star Tortoises Geochelone platynota. Asian Herpetological Research 2 (4): 240–244 - get paper here
  • Le, Minh; Christopher J. Raxworthy, William P. McCord and Lisa Mertz 2006. A molecular phylogeny of tortoises (Testudines: Testudinidae) based on mitochondrial and nuclear genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 450 (2): 517-531 - get paper here
  • McCord, W.P. & Joseph-Ouni, M. 2004. Chelonian Illustrations #13: Asian and Indonesian Tortoises. Reptilia (GB) (33): 35-38 - get paper here
  • Obst, F.J. 1986. Turtles, tortoises and terrapins. St. Martins, New York. 231 pp.
  • Platt, Steven G., Kalyar Platt, Me Me Soe, Win Ko Ko, Khin Myo Myo, Tint Lwin and Kyaw Mow. 2014. TSA/WCS Team strives to save Myanmar's critically endangered turtles. Turtle Survival 2014: 45-48 - get paper here
  • Platt, Steven G., Saw Tun Khaing, Win Ko Ko and Kalyar 2001. A tortoise survey of Shwe Settaw Wildlife Sanctuary, Myanmar, with notes on the ecology of Geochelone platynota and Indotestudo elongata. Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 4 (1): 172-177
  • Smith, Malcolm A. 1931. The Fauna of British India Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Amphibia Volume I.—Loricata, Testudines. Taylor and Francis, London, 185 pp.
  • Williams, N. 2010. The last tortoise. Current biology 20 (12): R493-R495 - get paper here
  • Wirth, Michael 2012. Der Zoograben – die unsichtbare Gehegeeinfriedung. Draco 12 (49): 70-76
 
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