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Geochelone platynota (BLYTH, 1863)

IUCN Red List - Geochelone platynota - Critically Endangered, CR

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Higher TaxaTestudinidae, Testudines (turtles) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesBurmese Star Tortoise 
SynonymTestudo platynota BLYTH 1863: 83
Testudo platynota — SMITH 1931: 140
Testudo platinota BOURRET 1941 (error typographicus)
Geochelone platynota — PRITCHARD 1967
Geochelone elegans platynota — OBST 1986
Geochelone platynota — MCCORD & JOSEPH-OUNI 2004
Geochelone platynota — LE et al. 2006 
DistributionMyanmar (= Burma) (from N Myanmar (= Burma) southward to Moulmein)

Type locality: "Lower Pegu," Myanmar (= Burma); by Smith (1931:140), as "Irrawaddy Valley". Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. Temperature Dependent Sex Determination. 
TypesSyntypes: ZSI 787–89, but not located. Smith (1931:140), indicates types are in the BMNH and Indian Museum (? =ZSI), however, Boulenger (1889:162), lists BMNH specimens from Theobald, not Blyth. Iverson (1986:144), believes syntypes may be in the IMC. 
CommentThis is one of the most endangered turtle species according to a 2003 assessment by the IUCN. 
References
  • Blyth, EDWARD 1863. Report of the curator, zoological department. J. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, Calcutta, 32 (1): 73-90. - get paper here
  • Bonin, F., Devaux, B. & Dupré, A. 2006. Turtles of the World. English translation by P.C.H. Pritchard. Johns Hopkins University Press, 416 pp.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1889. Catalogue of the Chelonians, Rhynchocephalians, and Crocodiles in the British Museum (Natural History). British Museum, London, 311 pp.
  • Bourret, R. 1941. Les tortues de l'Indochine. Institut Océanographique l'Indochine 38:1-235
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • Iverson, J.B. 1986. A Checklist with Distribution Maps of the Turtles of the World. Paust Printing, Richmond, Indiana. viii + 282 pp.
  • KUCHLING, Gerald; Eric GOODE, Peter PRASCHAG 2011. Endoscopic Imaging of Gonads, Sex Ratio and Temperature Dependent Sex Determination in Captive Bred Juvenile Burmese Star Tortoises Geochelone platynota. Asian Herpetological Research 2 (4): 240–244 - get paper here
  • Le, Minh; Christopher J. Raxworthy, William P. McCord and Lisa Mertz 2006. A molecular phylogeny of tortoises (Testudines: Testudinidae) based on mitochondrial and nuclear genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 450 (2): 517-531 - get paper here
  • McCord, W.P. & Joseph-Ouni, M. 2004. Chelonian Illustrations #13: Asian and Indonesian Tortoises. Reptilia (GB) (33): 35-38 - get paper here
  • Obst, F.J. 1986. Turtles, tortoises and terrapins. St. Martins, New York. 231 pp.
  • Platt, Steven G., Kalyar Platt, Me Me Soe, Win Ko Ko, Khin Myo Myo, Tint Lwin and Kyaw Mow. 2014. TSA/WCS Team strives to save Myanmar's critically endangered turtles. Turtle Survival 2014: 45-48 - get paper here
  • Platt, Steven G., Saw Tun Khaing, Win Ko Ko and Kalyar 2001. A tortoise survey of Shwe Settaw Wildlife Sanctuary, Myanmar, with notes on the ecology of Geochelone platynota and Indotestudo elongata. Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 4 (1): 172-177
  • Smith, Malcolm A. 1931. The Fauna of British India Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Amphibia Volume I.—Loricata, Testudines. Taylor and Francis, London, 185 pp.
  • Williams, N. 2010. The last tortoise. Current biology 20 (12): R493-R495 - get paper here
  • Wirth, Michael 2012. Der Zoograben – die unsichtbare Gehegeeinfriedung. Draco 12 (49): 70-76
 
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