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Geoclemys hamiltonii (GRAY, 1831)

IUCN Red List - Geoclemys hamiltonii - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaGeoemydidae (Geoemydinae), Testudines (turtles) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Black Pond turtle; Spotted Pond turtle
G: Strahlen-Dreikielschildkröte 
SynonymEmys hamiltonii GRAY 1831
Emys picquotii LESSON 1831
Emys guttata GRAY 1832
Emys Hamiltonii — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1835: 315
Geoclemys hamiltonii — GRAY 1855
Melanochelys pictus MURRAY 1884: 107
Damonia hamiltonii — BOULENGER 1889
Geoclemys hamiltonii — OBST 2003: 17
Geoclemys hamiltonii — TTWG 2014 
DistributionS Pakistan (Indus and Ganges river drainages),
N India (Assam), Nepal, Bangladesh

Type locality: "India". Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1947.3.4.41. 
CommentPicture in Elaphe 5 (3): 5 (1997) and Draco 13 (4): 90 (2003).

Reproduction: oviparous.

Type species: Emys hamiltonii GRAY 1831 is the type species of the genus Geoclemys GRAY 1855: 17.

Distribution: possibly in Bhutan (Lenz 2012 and references therein). 
References
  • Baig, KJ, Masroor, R., and Arshad, M. 2008. Biodiversity and ecology of the herpetofauna of Cholistan Desert, Pakistan. Russian Journal of Herpetology 15 (3): 193-205 - get paper here
  • Basumatary, Rajeev and D.K. Sharma 2013. The turtle fauna of Kaziranga National Park, Assam, India with notes on natural history and conservation status. Herpetology Notes 6: 59-72 - get paper here
  • Bourret, R. 1939. Notes herpétologiques sur l'Indochine française. XVIII. Reptiles et batraciens reçus au Laboratoire des Sciences Naturelle de l'Université au cours de l'année 1939. Descriptions de quatre espéces et d'une variété nouvelles. Bulletin Général de l'Instruction Publique. Hanoi. 19 (4, décembre): 5-39.
  • Bourret, R. 1941. Les tortues de l'Indochine. Institut Océanographique l'Indochine 38:1-235
  • Das, I. 2008. Tortoises and Freshwater Turtles of India. WWF/WII poster
  • Duméril, A.M.C., and G. Bibron. 1835. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles, Vol. 2. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris, iv + 680 p. - get paper here
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • FRITZ, U. & T. ZIEGLER 1999. Contribution to the knowledge of Cyclemys tcheponensis (BOURRET, 1939) and the distribution of Cyclemys in the Indochinese region (Reptilia: Testudines: Bataguridae). Revue française Aquariologique, Nancy 26(1/2): 71-78
  • Fritz, U.; D Guicking, M Auer, R. S Sommer, M Wink, A. K Hundsdörfer 2008. Diversity of the Southeast Asian leaf turtle genus Cyclemys: how many leaves on its tree of life?. Zoologica Scripta doi:10.1111/j.1463-6409.2008.00332. - get paper here
  • Fritz,U., Gaulke,M. & Lehr,E. 1997. Revision der südostasiatischen Dornschildkröten-Gattung Cyclemys Bell 1834, mit Beschreibung einer neuen Art. Salamandra 33 (3): 183-212
  • Fritz,U.; Niekisch,M; Ziegler,T. 1999. Rediscovery of the holotype of Geoemyda tcheponensis BOURRET 1939 (Reptilia: Testudines: Bataguridae). Zool. Abh. Mus. Tierk. Dresden 50 (2): 243-247
  • Gray, J. E. 1831. Synopsis Reptilium or short descriptions of the species of reptiles. Part I: Cataphracta, tortoises, crocodiles, and enaliosaurians. Treuttel, Wurz & Co., London, 85 pp.
  • Gray,J.E. 1856. Catalogue of Shield Reptiles in the Collection of the British Museum. Part I. Testudinata (Tortoises). British Museum, London, 79 pp. [1855]
  • Guicking, D. & Fritz, U.; Wink, M. & Lehr, E. 2002. New data on the diversity of the Southeast Asian leaf turtle genus Cyclemys BELL, 1834. Molecular results (Reptilia: Testudines: Geoemydidae). Faun. Abh. Mus. Tierk. Dresden 23 (4): 75-86 - get paper here
  • Hennig, A.S. 2004. Haltung von Wasserschildkröten. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 125 pp. - get paper here
  • Kästle , W., Rai, K. & Schleich, H.H. 2013. FIELD GUIDE to Amphibians and Reptiles of Nepal. ARCO-Nepal e.V., 625 pp. - get paper here
  • Khan, M.S. 2006. Amphibians and reptiles of Pakistan. Krieger, Malabar, 311 pp.
  • Khan, Moh. A.R. 1982. Chelonians of Bangladesh and their conservation. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 79 (1): 110-116.
  • Kou,Z. 1989. Cyclemys from Yunnan, a description of a new species and a new record to China (Testudinata: Emydidae). In: Current Herpetology in East Asia, Kyoto 1989: 193-197
  • Lenz, Norbert 2012. Von Schmetterlingen und Donnerdrachen - Natur und Kultur in Bhutan. Karslruher Naturhefte 4, Naturkundemuseum Karslruhe, 124 pp.
  • McCord, W.P. & Joseph-Ouni, M. 2003. Chelonian Illustrations #10. Monotypic genera of the family Geoemydidae. Reptilia (GB) (30): 34-38 - get paper here
  • McMorris, J.R. 1976. The generic reassignment of Geoemyda tcheponensis Bourret. Chelonia 3 (2): 10-11.
  • Murray, J. A. 1884. Additions to the reptilian fauna of Sind. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 14: 106—111. - get paper here
  • Obst, F.J. 2003. Sumpfschildkröten. Draco 4 (13): 4-18 - get paper here
  • Philippen, H.-D. 2004. Geoclemys hamiltonii (GRAY 1831) - Strahlen-Dreikielschildkröte. Reptilia (Münster) 9 (49): 51-54 - get paper here
  • Purkayastha, Jayaditya; Ahmed Mahmadul Hassan, Hasanul Islam, Jessica Das, Manoj Sarma, Mituseela Ba 2013. Turtles of the Temple Pond of Kamakhya, Assam, India. Reptile Rap (15): 11-15 - get paper here
  • Rohilla, Manoj S.; Tiwari, Pramod K. 2008. Restriction fragment length polymorphism of mitochondrial DNA and phylogenetic relationships among five species of Indian freshwater turtles. Journal of Applied Genetics 49(2):167-182
  • Sang, Nguyen Van; Ho Thu Cuc, Nguyen, Quang Truong 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • Schilde, M. 2003. Die Dornschildkröten der Gattung Cyclemys BELL, 1834. Draco 4 (13): 37-42 - get paper here
  • Stuart, Bryan L.; Fritz, Uwe. 2008. Historical DNA from museum type specimens clarifies diversity of Asian leaf turtles (Cyclemys). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 94(1):131-141 - get paper here
  • TTWG [Peter Paul van Dijk, John B. Iverson, Anders G.J. Rhodin, H. Bradley Shaffer, and Roger Bour] 2014. Turtles of the World, 7th Edition: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution with Maps, and Conservation Status. 000.v7. Chelonian Research Monographs (ISSN 1088-7105) No. 5, doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v7.2014 - get paper here
  • Vijaya, J. 1983. Range extension for the spotted pond turtle Geoclemys hamiltoni. Hamadryad 8 (2): 20 - get paper here
  • Ziegler, T. 2002. Die Amphibien und Reptilien eines Tieflandfeuchtwald-Schutzgebietes in Vietnam. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 342 pp. - get paper here
 
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