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Geoclemys hamiltonii (GRAY, 1831)

IUCN Red List - Geoclemys hamiltonii - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaGeoemydidae or Bataguridae, Testudines (turtles) 
Common NamesE: Black Pond turtle; Spotted Pond turtle
G: Strahlen-Dreikielschildkröte 
SynonymEmys hamiltonii GRAY 1831
Emys picquotii LESSON 1831
Emys guttata GRAY 1832
Emys Hamiltonii — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1835: 315
Geoclemys hamiltonii — GRAY 1855
Melanochelys pictus MURRAY 1884: 107
Damonia hamiltonii — BOULENGER 1889
Geoclemys hamiltonii — OBST 2003: 17 
DistributionS Pakistan (Indus and Ganges river drainages),
N India (Assam), Bangladesh

Type locality: "India". Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesHolotye: BMNH 1947.3.4.41. 
CommentPicture in Elaphe 5 (3): 5 (1997) and Draco 13 (4): 90 (2003).

Reproduction: oviparous.

Type species: Emys hamiltonii GRAY 1831 is the type species of the genus Geoclemys GRAY 1855: 17.

Distribution: possibly in Bhutan (Lenz 2012 and references therein). 
  • Baig, KJ, Masroor, R., and Arshad, M. 2008. Biodiversity and ecology of the herpetofauna of Cholistan Desert, Pakistan. Russian Journal of Herpetology 15 (3): 193-205 - get paper here
  • Basumatary, Rajeev and D.K. Sharma 2013. The turtle fauna of Kaziranga National Park, Assam, India with notes on natural history and conservation status Herpetology Notes 6: 59-72 - get paper here
  • Das, I. 2008. Tortoises and Freshwater Turtles of India. WWF/WII poster
  • Duméril, A.M.C., and G. Bibron. 1835. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles, Vol. 2. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris, iv + 680 p. - get paper here
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • Gray, J. E. 1831. Synopsis Reptilium or short descriptions of the species of reptiles. Part I: Cataphracta, tortoises, crocodiles, and enaliosaurians. Treuttel, Wurz & Co., London, 85 pp.
  • Gray,J.E. 1856. Catalogue of Shield Reptiles in the Collection of the British Museum. Part I. Testudinata (Tortoises). British Museum, London, 79 pp. [1855]
  • Khan, M.S. 2006. Amphibians and reptiles of Pakistan. Krieger, Malabar, 311 pp.
  • Khan, Moh. A.R. 1982. Chelonians of Bangladesh and their conservation. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 79 (1): 110-116.
  • Lenz, Norbert 2012. Von Schmetterlingen und Donnerdrachen - Natur und Kultur in Bhutan. Karslruher Naturhefte 4, Naturkundemuseum Karslruhe, 124 pp.
  • McCord, W.P. & Joseph-Ouni, M. 2003. Chelonian Illustrations #10. Monotypic genera of the family Geoemydidae. Reptilia (GB) (30): 34-38 - get paper here
  • Murray, J. A. 1884. Additions to the reptilian fauna of Sind. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 14: 106—111. - get paper here
  • Obst, F.J. 2003. Sumpfschildkröten. Draco 4 (13): 4-18 - get paper here
  • Philippen, H.-D. 2004. Geoclemys hamiltonii (GRAY 1831) - Strahlen-Dreikielschildkröte. Reptilia (Münster) 9 (49): 51-54 - get paper here
  • Purkayastha, Jayaditya; Ahmed Mahmadul Hassan, Hasanul Islam, Jessica Das, Manoj Sarma, Mituseela Ba 2013. Turtles of the Temple Pond of Kamakhya, Assam, India Reptile Rap (15): 11-15 - get paper here
  • Rohilla, Manoj S.; Tiwari, Pramod K. 2008. Restriction fragment length polymorphism of mitochondrial DNA and phylogenetic relationships among five species of Indian freshwater turtles. Journal of Applied Genetics 49(2):167-182
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