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Geoemyda spengleri (GMELIN, 1789)

IUCN Red List - Geoemyda spengleri - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaGeoemydidae (Geoemydinae), Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles)
Common NamesE: Black-breasted Leaf Turtle
G: Spenglers Zacken-Erdschildkröte
Chinese: 地龟 
SynonymTestudo spengleri GMELIN in LINNAEUS 1789
Testudo tricarinata BORY 1804: 308
Geoemyda spengleri — GRAY 1834: 100
Emys Spengleri — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1835: 307
Geomyda tricarinata — BLYTH 1856: 714 (in error)
Nicoria spengleri — BOULENGER 1889: 120
Geoemyda spengleri — STEJNEGER 1907: 501
Geoemyda spengleri sinensis FAN 1931
Geoemyda spengleri spengleri — POPE 1934
Geoemyda spengleri spengleri — MANTHEY 1983
Geoemyda spengleri — XIANGKUI 1994
Geoemyda spengleri — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 446
Geoemyda spengleri — TTWG 2014
Geoemyda spengleri — TTWG 2021 
DistributionS China (from Kwangsi, Kwangtung, Guangdong, Hainan Island, Yunnan), Vietnam, Laos

Type locality: unknown (fide KING & BURKE 1989)  
TypesHolotype: unknown (fide NGUYEN et al. 2009) 
CommentDistribution: The species has been reported from Sumatra and Borneo but its presence there is uncertain, see de Rooij (1915: 298); (Smith 1931:90); Stejneger (1907:501); Bourret (1941:153); and Pope (1935:35) [after KING & BURKE 1989]. Not in Indonesia (Sumatra, Borneo) fide TTWG 2014: 378.

Subspecies: Yasukawa et al (1992) raised Geoemyda spengleri japonica to full species status.

Type species: Testudo spengleri GMELIN in LINNAEUS 1789 is the type species of the genus Geoemyda GRAY 1834: 100. 
EtymologyNamed after Lorentz Spengler (1720-1807), intendant of the Royal “Kunstkammer” in Copenhagen from whom Wahlbaum received a shell of this species. Spengler was a conchologist of note. 
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