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Geophis talamancae LIPS & SAVAGE, 1994

IUCN Red List - Geophis talamancae - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common Names 
SynonymGeophis talamancae LIPS & SAVAGE 1994
Geophis talamancae — WILSON & TOWNSEND 2007: 19
Geophis talamancae — WALLACH et al. 2014: 305 
DistributionSC Costa Rica, W Panama (1200–1800 m elevation)

Type locality: Finca Jaguar, 1800 m elevation, Zona Protectora Las Tablas, Cantón Coto Brus, Puntarenas, Costa Rica.  
TypesHolotype: LACM 147196 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Unique within the Geophis brachyceph- alus complex in having the following combination of characters: (1) 118–124.9 ± 3.7–132 ventrals in male, 121–128.8 ± 4.4–139 in females; 35–38.1 ± 1.4–41 subcaudals in males, 23–33.4 ± 2.3–38 in females; 154–163.2 ± 4.0–171 total segmentals in males, 155– 161.7 ± 3.9–171 in females; (2) upper surfaces of body and tail uniform black or anterior body uniform black and rest of body black with pairs of red spots that are usually offset and sometimes fused to form elongate blotches; tail black above; (3) hemipenis slightly bilobed with short, robust capitulum that is about twice length of truncus on asulcate side (Myers, 2003). 
EtymologyNamed after the Cordillera de la Talamanca where the species was found. 
  • Lips K R. Savage J M. 1994. A new fossorial snake of the genus Geophis (Reptilia: Serpentes: Colubridae) from the Cordillera de Talamanca of Costa Rica. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 107 (2): 410-416. - get paper here
  • Savage, J.M. 2002. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Costa Rica: A Herpetofauna Between Two Continents, Between Two Seas. University of Chicago Press, 934 pp. [review in Copeia 2003 (1): 205]
  • Savage, Jay M.; Watling, James I. 2008. Not so rare snakes: a revision of the Geophis sieboldi group (Colubridae: Dipsadinae) in lower Central America and Colombia. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 153(3):561-599 - get paper here
  • Solorzano, A. 2004. Serpientes de Costa Rica - Snakes of Costa Rica. Editorial INBio, Costa Rica, 792 pp.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • WILSON, L.D. & J.H. TOWNSEND 2007. A checklist and key to the snakes of the genus Geophis (Squamata: Colubridae: Dipsadinae), with commentary on distribution and conservation. Zootaxa 1395: 1-31 - get paper here
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