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Gerrhonotus infernalis BAIRD, 1859

IUCN Red List - Gerrhonotus infernalis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaAnguidae (Gerrhonotinae), Diploglossa, Anguimorpha, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Texas Alligator Lizard 
SynonymGerrhonotus liocephalus infernalis BAIRD 1859
Gerrhonotus infernalis BAIRD 1859: 255
Gerrhonotus infernalis — O’SHAUGHNESSY 1873: 46
Pterogasterus infernalis — COPE 1878: 96
Gerrhonotus liocephalus infernalis — COPE 1900: 517
Gerrhonotus liocephalus infernalis — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 204
Gerrhonotus liocephalus taylori TIHEN 1954
Gerrhonotus liocephalus infernalis — WERMUTH 1969: 20
Gerrhonotus liocephalus taylori — WERMUTH 1969: 21
Gerrhonotus liocephalus aguayoi CONTRERAS-ARQUIETA 1989
Gerrhonotus liocephalus infernalis — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 140
Gerrhonotus infernalis — GOOD 1994
Gerrhonotus infernalis — CROTHER 2000
Gerrhonotus taylori — LEMOS-ESPINAL et al. 2004
Gerrhonotus infernalis — BRYSON & LAZCANO 2005
Gerrhonotus taylori — LEMOS-ESPINAL & SMITH 2007
Gerrhonotus infernalis — CROTHER et al. 2012
Gerrhonotus infernalis — GARCÍA-VÁZQUEZ et al. 2018 
DistributionMexico (San Luis Potosí, Coahuila, Hidalgo, Durango, probably Chihuahua, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas), USA (C Texas)

Type locality: Devils River, Texas.

taylori: Chihuahua, Mexico; Type locality: Clarines Mine, about 5 miles west of Santa Barbara, Chihuahua, Mexico, at an elevation of about 6800 feet.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: USNM 3090
Holotype: AMNH 67918 [taylori] 
Diagnosis 
CommentSynonymy: Lemos-Espinal and Smith, 2007 continue to recognize Gerrhonotus taylori as a distinct species despite contravening evidence presented by Good (1994), who regarded G. taylori to be a junior synonym of G. infernalis. More recently, G. taylori was not considered a valid taxon by Liner and Casas-Andreu (2008) or Lavín-Murcio and Lazcano (2010), or by JONES & LOVICH (2009: 522).

Distribution: See map in García‐Vázquez et al. 2018: Fig. 3. 
EtymologyThe specific name infernalis is Latin for "underground" or "belonging to the lower regions," in reference to its secretive, semifossorial habits (Lemos-Espinal & Dixon 2013). 
References
  • Baird, S.F. 1859. Description of new genera and species of North American lizards in the museum of the Smithsonian Institution. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 10: 253-256 [1858] - get paper here
  • Blair, A.P. 1950. Notes on Two Anguid Lizards. Copeia 1950 (1): 57 - get paper here
  • Bryson, R.W. & Lazcano, D. 2005. Gerrhonotus parvus. Reptilia (GB) (39): 69-72 - get paper here
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Contreras-Arquieta, A. 1989. Una nueva subespecies de Gerrhonotus (Reptilia Anguidae) del Bolsón de Cuatro Ciénegas, Coahuila, México. X Congr. Nac. Zool., Progr. Resumen: 75
  • Cope, E.D. 1878. Tenth contribution to the herpetology of Tropical America. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 17: 85-98 [1877] - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1900. The crocodilians, lizards and snakes of North America. Ann. Rep. U.S. Natl. Mus. 1898: 153-1270 - get paper here
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Dixon, James R. 2000. Amphibians and reptiles of Texas, second edition. Texas A&M University Press, 421 pp.
  • Fernández-Badillo, Leonardo & Irene Goyenechea-Mayer Goyenechea 2010. Anfibios y reptiles del valle del Mezquital, Hidalgo, México. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 81: 705- 712
  • Fernández-Badillo, Leonardo; Norma Leticia Manríquez-Morán; Jesús Martín Castillo-Cerón & Irene Goyenechea 2016. Análisis herpetofaunístico de la zona árida del estado de Hidalgo. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 156–170 - get paper here
  • García-Bastida, M., Madrid-Sotelo, C. A. & Lazcano, D. 2012. Evaluation of a simple method of externally attaching radio-transmitters to the Texas alligator lizard, Gerrhonotus infernalis. Herpetological Review 43: 410-412
  • García-Bastida, Margarita, David Lazcano, Lance D. McBrayer, and Roberto Mercado-Hernández 2013. Sexual Dimorphism in the Alligator Lizard Gerrhonotus infernalis (Sauria: Anguidae): Implications for Sexual Selection. Southwestern Naturalist Jun 2013, Vol. 58, No. 2: 202-208. - get paper here
  • García-Vázquez, U. O., and R. W. Bryson, Jr. 2017. Gerrhonotus infernalis (Baird, 1859). Mexico, Durango. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(1): 196–197 - get paper here
  • García-Vázquez, Uri Omar; Arturo Contreras-Arquieta, Marysol Trujano-Ortega, and Adrián Nieto-Montes de Oca 2018. A New Species of Gerrhonotus (Squamata: Anguidae) from the Cuatro Ciénegas Basin, Coahuila, Mexico. Herpetologica 74 (3): 269-278. - get paper here
  • García‐Vázquez UO, Nieto‐Montes de Oca A, Bryson RW Jr, Schmidt‐Ballardo W, Pavón‐Vázquez CJ. 2018. Molecular systematics and historical biogeography of the genus Gerrhonotus (Squamata: Anguidae). J Biogeogr. XX:1–13 - get paper here
  • Good, David A. 1994. Species limits in the genus Gerrhonotus (Squamata: Anguidae). Herpetological Monographs 8: 180-202 - get paper here
  • Good,D.A. & Wiedenfeld,M. G. 1995. The holotype of the Texas Alligator Lizard, Gerrhonotus infernalis Baird (Squamata: Anguidae). Journal of Herpetology 29 (4): 628-530 - get paper here
  • Hernandez, J.C., Pérez, M.R.M., Herr, M.W., Giovanetto, L.A., Hernandez, T.O. & Graham, S.P. 2017. Geographic Distribution: Gerrhonotus infernalis (Texas Alligator Lizard). Herpetological Review 48 (4): 811 - get paper here
  • Jones, L.L. & Lovich, R.E. 2009. Lizards of the American Southwest. A photographic field guide. Rio Nuevo Publishers, Tucson, AZ, 568 pp. [review in Reptilia 86: 84] - get paper here
  • Langner, Ch.; R. Nixon & F. Colacicco 2019. Die nordamerikanischen Schleichen der Gattungen Gerrhonotus und Elgaria – Lebensweise, Haltung und Vermehrung im Terrarium. Reptilia (Münster) 24 (136): 32-41 - get paper here
  • Lazcano D, Nevárez-de los Reyes M, García-Padilla E, Johnson JD, Mata-Silva V, DeSantis DL, Wilson LD. 2019. The herpetofauna of Coahuila, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13(2) [General Section]: 31–94 (e189) - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR, Gadsden-Esparza H, Valdez-Lares R, Woolrich-Piña GA 2018. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Durango, Mexico, with comparisons with adjoining states. ZooKeys 748: 65-87 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR, Woolrich-Piña GA 2018. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of San Luis Potosí, Mexico, with comparisons with adjoining states. ZooKeys 753: 83-106 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A. and James R. Dixon 2013. Amphibians and Reptiles of San Luis Potosí. Eagle Mountain Publishing, xii + 300 pp.
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A., Geoffrey R. Smith 2015. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Hidalgo, Mexico. Check List 11 (3): 1642 - get paper here
  • Nevárez-de-los-Reyes, Manuel, David Lazcano, Elí García-Padilla, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The Herpetofauna of Nuevo León, Mexico: Composition, Distribution, and Conservation. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (3): 558–638 - get paper here
  • O’Shaughnessy, A. W. E. 1873. Herpetological notes. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 12: 44-48 - get paper here
  • Sager, Michael T. 2014. Geographic Distribution: Gerrhonotus infernalis (Texas alligator lizard). Herpetological Review 45 (3): 462 - get paper here
  • Smith,H.M. & Taylor,E.H. 1950. An annotated checklist and key to the reptiles of Mexico exclusive of the snakes. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 199: 1-253 - get paper here
  • Terán-Juárez, Sergio A., Elí García Padilla, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The herpetofauna of Tamaulipas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (1): 43–113 - get paper here
  • Terán-Juárez, Sergio A.; Elí García-Padilla, Francisco E. Leyto-Delgado, and Leccinum J. García- Morales 2015. New records and distributional range extensions for amphibians and reptiles from Tamaulipas, Mexico. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (2): 208-214 - get paper here
  • Valdez-Lares, R.; R. Muñiz-Martínez; E.Gadsden; G. Aguirre-León; G. Castañeda-Gaytán; R. Gonzalez-Trápaga 2013. Checklist of amphibians and reptiles of the state of Durango, México. Check List 9 (4):714-724 - get paper here
  • Vite-Silva, Victor D.; Aurelio Ramírez-Bautista y Uriel Hernández-Salinas 2010. Diversidad de anfibios y reptiles de la Reserva de la Biosfera Barranca de Metztitlán, Hidalgo, México Diversity of amphibians and reptiles from the Barranca de Metztitlán Biosphera Reserve in Hidalgo, Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 81: 473- 485
 
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