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Glaphyromorphus darwiniensis (STORR, 1967)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesGlaphyromorphus darwiniensis darwiniensis STORR 1967
Glaphyromorphus darwiniensis arnhemicus STORR 1967 
Common NamesNorthern Mulch Skink 
SynonymSphenomorphus darwiniensis STORR 1967
Gongylus crassicaudus darwiniensis
Opacitascincus darwiniensis — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985: 36
Sphenomorphus darwiniensis — GREER 1990
Glaphyromorphus darwiniensis — COGGER 2000: 492
Glaphyromorphus darwiniensis — COUPER et al. 2006: 381
Glaphyromorphus darwiniensis — WILSON & SWAN 2010

Glaphyromorphus darwiniensis arnhemicus STORR 1967
Opacitascincus arnhemicus — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985: 36
Glaphyromorphus arnhemicus — REEDER 2003
Glaphyromorphus arnhemicus — COUPER et al. 2006: 381
Glaphyromorphus crassicaudus arnhemicus — WILSON & SWAN 2013: 278 
DistributionAustralia (Northern Territory, Western Australia)

darwiniensis: NW Northern Territory and N Kimberleys, Western Australia; Type locality: Howard Springs (15 air-miles E of Darwin), 12° 28’ S, 131° 0YE, N. T.

arnhemicus: Arnhem Land, Northern Territory.  
TypesHolotype: WAM R23624
Holotype. WAM R 13513, collected by Mrs E. V. Mildenhall in 1960 [arnhemicus] 
CommentListed as a synonym of Sphenomorphus crassicaudus by COGGER 1983. G. d. arnhemicus is geographically disjunct and diagnosably different from crassicaudis, so, if darwiniensis is going to be treated as a full species, distinct from crassicaudis, arnhemicus should be treated as full species (Glenn Shea, pers. comm., March 2019).

Morphology: digits: 5, toes: 5 (Singhal et al. 2018, Cogger 2014) 
EtymologyNamed after the city Darwin, Australia. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Couper, P., Covacevich, J., Amey, A. & Baker, A. 2006. The genera of skinks (Family Scincidae) of Australia and its island territories: diversity, distribution and identification. in: Merrick, J.R., Archer, M., Hickey, G.M. & Lee, M.S.Y. (eds.). Evolution and Zoogeography of Australasian Vertebrates. Australian Scientific Publishing, Sydney, pp. 367-384
  • Greer A E 1985. A new species of Sphenomorphus from northeastern Queensland. Journal of Herpetology 19 (4): 469-473 - get paper here
  • Greer, A.E. 1990. Notes on reproduction in the skink Sphenomorphus darwiniensis. North. Terr. Nat. 12:27-28
  • Reeder, T.W. 2003. A phylogeny of the Australian Sphenomorphus group (Scincidae: Squamata) and the phylogenetic placement of the crocodile skinks (Tribolonotus): Bayesian approaches to assessing congruence and obtaining confidence in maximum likelihood inferred relatio Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 27: 384–397 - get paper here
  • Singhal, Sonal; Huateng Huang, Maggie R. Grundler, María R. Marchán-Rivadeneira, Iris Holmes, Pascal O. Title, Stephen C. Donnellan, and Daniel L. Rabosky 2018. Does Population Structure Predict the Rate of Speciation? A Comparative Test across Australia’s Most Diverse Vertebrate Radiation The American Naturalist - get paper here
  • Skinner, Adam; Mark N. Hutchinson, Michael S.Y. Lee 2013. Phylogeny and Divergence Times of Australian Sphenomorphus Group Skinks (Scincidae, Squamata). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 69 (3): 906–918 - get paper here
  • Storr,G.M. 1967. The genus Sphenomorphus (Lacertilia, Scincidae) in Western Australia and the Northern Territory. Roy. Sco. West. Aust. 50 (1): 10-20
  • Valencia, J. H., K. Garzón-Tello & M. E. Barragán-Paladines 2016. Serpientes venenosas del Ecuador: sistemática, taxonomía, historia natural, conservación, envenenamiento y aspectos antropológicos. Quito, Ecuador, Fundación Herpetológica Gustavo Orcés, Universidad de Texas, Fondo Ambiental Nacional, 652 pp. [review in HR 49 (1): 152, 2018]
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2013. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 4th ed. New Holland Publishers, 592 pp.
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