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Glaphyromorphus othelarrni HOSKIN & COUPER, 2014

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Cape Melville Bar-lipped Skink 
SynonymGlaphyromorphus othelarrni HOSKIN & COUPER 2014 
DistributionAustralia (NE Queensland)

Type locality: Melville Range (14°16'33" S, 144°29'32" E, elevation 460 m elevation), Cape Melville, north-east Queensland  
TypesHolotype: QM J93341, C. J. Hoskin & H. B. Hines, 13 December 2013. Paratypes: QMJ93339, QMJ93340, collection details as for holotype; QMJ92570, QMJ92571, Melville Range (14°16'33" S, 144°29'32" E, elevation 460 m a.s.l), C. J. Hoskin, 20 March 2013; QMJ92553, QMJ92554, Melville Range (14°18'55" S, 144°29'50" E, 110 m a.s.l.), C. J. Hoskin & K. Aland, 9 February 2013. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Glaphyromorphus othelarrni sp. nov. is diagnosed from all congeners in having: adpressed limbs in contact; more than 27 midbody scale rows; the prefontal separated from the preocular; large body size (max SVL ~ 93mm); usually eight supralabials (with 6th below centre of eye); more than 13 subdigital lamellae beneath 4th finger; more than 21 lamellae beneath 4th toe.

Comparison with similar species. Glaphyromorphus othelarrni sp. nov. can only be confused with G. fuscicaudis, G. nigricaudis and G. nyanchupinta sp. nov. It is readily distinguished from all three species by its supralabial count (typically 8 with 6th below centre of eye vs typically 7 with 5th below centre of eye) (Fig. 4A), the number of subdigital lamellae beneath the 4th finger (14–15 vs < 14) and 4th toe (mean 23 vs means of 18–21), and its relatively longer limbs (L1/SVL: 0.22–0.26 vs ≤ 0.22; L2/SVL: 0.33–0.41 vs ≤ 0.34) (Table 1). It is further distinguished from G. fuscicaudis in having a proportionately larger head (HW/SVL: 0.13–0.15 vs 0.12–0.13; HL/ SVL: 0.18–20 vs 0.16–0.17); shorter interlimb length (AG/SVL 0.49–0.53 vs 0.52–0.58); and generally fewer paravertebral scales (mean 59 vs 64) (Table 1). It also lacks the series of yellow dorsolateral blotches that are prominent in G. fuscicaudis (Figs 5A, 5C). Glaphyromorphus othelarrni sp. nov. is further distinguished from G. nigricaudis in having a proportionately shorter interlimb length (AG/SVL 0.49–0.53 vs 0.52–0.60); a more robust form (WT/SVL 0.17–0.22 vs 0.09–0.17); more midbody scale rows (28–0.30 vs 24–28); and more paravertebral scales (55–61 vs 51–56) (Table 1). It is further distinguished from G. nyanchupinta sp. nov. in being larger in all measures (e.g., SVL 74.5–92.9 vs 49.2–53.6); in having a proportionately longer tail (TL/SVL 1.47–1.86 vs 1.00); a more robust form (WT/SVL 0.17–0.22 vs 0.04–0.06); more midbody scale rows (28–30 vs 25–27) (Table 1); and a less patterned dorsum (dorsal pattern breaks up beyond midbody vs pattern present to hindlimbs) (Figs 5A, 5B), and less patterned upper labials (upper labials predominantly pale with dark sutures vs upper labials predominantly dark with a central pale dot) (Fig. 4A, 4B). 
CommentAbundance: only known from its original description (Meiri et al. 2017).

Limb morphology: 5 digits, 5 toes (Singhal et al. 2018, Cogger 2014) 
EtymologyOthelarrni means ‘He Listens’ and this was a name given to Bob Flinders, who was born in the Cape Melville area and who passed on much of the knowledge and responsibility for that country to the current generation of its Traditional Owners. The species was named by the bubu gudjin of Cape Melville, the Traditional Owners who have the responsibility to speak for the land where the species live. 
  • Couper, P., Covacevich, J., Amey, A. & Baker, A. 2006. The genera of skinks (Family Scincidae) of Australia and its island territories: diversity, distribution and identification. in: Merrick, J.R., Archer, M., Hickey, G.M. & Lee, M.S.Y. (eds.). Evolution and Zoogeography of Australasian Vertebrates. Australian Scientific Publishing, Sydney, pp. 367-384
  • HOSKIN, CONRAD J. & PATRICK J. COUPER 2014. Two new skinks (Scincidae: Glaphyromorphus) from rainforest habitats in north-eastern Australia. Zootaxa 3869 (1): 001–016 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Singhal, Sonal; Huateng Huang, Maggie R. Grundler, María R. Marchán-Rivadeneira, Iris Holmes, Pascal O. Title, Stephen C. Donnellan, and Daniel L. Rabosky 2018. Does Population Structure Predict the Rate of Speciation? A Comparative Test across Australia’s Most Diverse Vertebrate Radiation. The American Naturalist - get paper here
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