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Glaucomastix abaetensis (REIS DIAS, ROCHA & VRCIBRADIC, 2002)

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Higher TaxaTeiidae, Teiinae, Gymnophthalmoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Bahian Sand Dune Lizard 
SynonymCnemidophorus abaetensis REIS DIAS, ROCHA & VRCIBRADIC 2002
Ameivula abaetensis — HARVEY et al. 2012
Glaucomastix abaetensis — GOICOECHEA et al. 2016 
DistributionNE Brazil (coastal N Bahia)

Type locality: restinga of Dunas do Abaeté (12° 57’ S, 38° 22’ W), municipality of Salvador, Bahia State, Brazil. Map legend:
Type locality - Type locality.
 
ReproductionBisexual with sexual dimorphism. 
TypesHolotype: MNRJ 8616 
CommentGroup: this species belongs to the ocellifer group, distinguished by the presence of granules in the supraorbital semicircles, a lower number of femoral pores (less than 40), and the absence of preanal spurs (Rocha et al., 2000, Colli et al., 2003).

Sympatric with C. ocellifer. Its tail is bright blue-green, in contrast to the brownish tail of C. ocellifer.

Diagnosis.-A bisexual (only females in C. nativo), moderate-sized Cnemidophorus species (up to 72.0 mm SVL in adult males and 69.0 mm SVL in adult females) belonging to the ocellifer complex (see introduction for differences between members of this complex and other South American Cnemidophorus). Middorsal (vertebral) stripe single, thin, straight and vivid white (a pair of less vivid, often wavy, thin whitish paravertebral lines in C. ocellifer; a broad light pink to cream stripe, straight from nape to midbody and changing to wavy from midbody to tail base in C. nativo), never extending beyond the scapular region (usually reaching the neck or nape in C. ocellifer, C. nativo, and C. littoralis). Dorsolateral stripes straight, vivid white (stripes somewhat broader and more vivid in C. nativo; usually irregular and sometimes broken in C. littoralis); dorsal field between vertebral and dorsolateral stripes gray on the upper portion, gradually changing to reddish brown on the lower portion [black to dark brown in C. ocellifer; black (juveniles and young adults) to gray (large adults) in C. nativo and C. littoralis, with a longitudinal sequence of white dashes in the latter]; lateral stripes vivid white and straight (somewhat broader in C. nativo; usually irregular in C. littoralis); ground color between dorsolateral and lateral lines (i.e., lateral field) usually solid black, rarely with a row of small white dots (always with a row of rounded white or blue spots in C. ocellifer); tail bright blue-green to emerald green (brown in C. ocellifer); dorsal surface of hind limbs gray with black freckling, tinged with bright green at the thighs and with bluish-gray from the knee down (brown to olivebrown, usually mottled with black and cream in C. ocellifer; gray to olive-brown with black freckling in C. nativo; black mottled with bright green in C. littoralis); normally three supraoculars (always four in the other three species); supraocular granules usually not reaching the anteriormost supraocular (usually reaching the anteriormost supraocular in C. ocellifer); frontonasal always undivided (sometimes divided in C. littoralis); 11-15 (modal 12) femoral pores along each thigh [7-12 (modal 8) in C. ocellifer; 12-20 (modal 16-17) in C. littoralis]; always eight lon gitudinal rows of ventral scales (usually 10 in C. littoralis); 29-34 transverse rows of ventral scales (27-30 among examined specimens of C. ocellifer; 30-39 in C. littoralis). 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
References
  • ARIAS, FEDERICO; CELSO MORATO DE CARVALHO, MIGUEL TREFAUT RODRIGUES & HUSSAM ZAHER 2011. Two new species of Cnemidophorus (Squamata: Teiidae) of the C. ocellifer group, from Bahia, Brazil. Zootaxa 3022: 1–21 - get paper here
  • Couto-Ferreira, Danilo; Moacir Santos Tinôco, Magno Lima Travassos de Oliveira, Henrique Colombini Browne-Ribeiro, Cecil Pergentino Fazolato, Ricardo Marques da Silva, Gilvana Santos Barreto & Marcelo Alves Dias 2011. Restinga lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) at the Imbassaí Preserve on the northern coast of Bahia, Brazil. Journal of Threatened Taxa 3 (8): 1990–2000 - get paper here
  • do Rosário, Igor Rios, Vito Gomes Santa Rosa and Eduardo José Dos Reis Dias. 2011. Cnemidophorus abaetensis reproduction. Herpetological Review 42 (3): 428 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de 2014. Squamate reptiles of the Atlantic Forest of northern Bahia, Brazil. Check List 10 (5): 1020-1030 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antônio de, Santos Silva Figueiredo and Wagner Guerreiro 2005. Geographic Distribution: Cnemidophorus abaetensis (Sand Dune Lizard). Herpetological Review 36 (2): 201 - get paper here
  • Goicoechea, N., Frost, D. R., De la Riva, I., Pellegrino, K. C. M., Sites, J., Rodrigues, M. T. and Padial, J. M. 2016. Molecular systematics of teioid lizards (Teioidea/Gymnophthalmoidea: Squamata) based on the analysis of 48 loci under tree-alignment and similarity-alignment. Cladistics, doi: 10.1111/cla.12150 - get paper here
  • HARVEY, MICHAEL B.; GABRIEL N. UGUETO & RONALD L. GUTBERLET, Jr. 2012. Review of Teiid Morphology with a Revised Taxonomy and Phylogeny of the Teiidae (Lepidosauria: Squamata). Zootaxa 3459: 1–156 - get paper here
  • Reis Dias, Eduardo, José dos, Carlos Frederico D. Rocha and Davor Vrcibradic 2002. New Cnemidophorus (Squamata: Teiidae) from Bahia State, northeastern Brazil. Copeia 2002 (4) :928-937 - get paper here
  • Tinoco, M.S.; Browne-Ribeiro, H.C. & Alves Dias, M. 2010. The Bahian Sand Dunes Whiptail Lizard Cnemidophorus abaetensis Dias, Rocha & Vrcibradic 2002 (Reptilia, Scleroglossa, Teiidae), geographic distribution and habitat use in Bahia, Brazil. Herpetological Bulletin (111): 19-24 - get paper here
  • Xavier, Maria Aldenise and Eduardo José Dos Reis Dias. 2015. Ameivula abaetensis saurochory. Herpetological Review 46 (3): 430-431
 
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