Glaucomastix venetacauda (ARIAS, DE CARVALHO, RODRIGUES & ZAHER, 2011)
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Glaucomastix venetacauda?
|Higher Taxa||Teiidae, Teiinae, Gymnophthalmoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)|
|Synonym||Cnemidophorus venetacaudus ARIAS, DE CARVALHO, RODRIGUES & ZAHER 2011|
Ameivula venetacaudus — HARVEY et al. 2012
Ameivula venetacaudus — BASTO DA SILVA & ÁVILA-PIRES 2013
Ameivula venetacauda — ARIAS et al. 2014
Glaucomastix venetacauda — GOICOECHEA et al. 2016
|Distribution||NW Brazil (Piauí: Caatinga)|
Type locality: Ôlho D’Água da Santa (9° 1310" S, 43° 2927" W), Parque Nacional da Serra das Confusões, Caracol municipality, state of Piauí, Brazil, elevation 460 m
|Types||Holotype: MZUSP 100119 (field number MRT 4714), adult male, collected on 5 october 2000 by Hussam Zaher, Miguel Trefaut Rodrigues, and Felipe Curcio.|
Paratypes. MZUSP 100115-100118
|Comment||Group: this species belongs to the ocellifer group, |
Diagnosis. A species of the ocellifer group with granules in the supraorbital semicircles, and no anal spurs in males. Cnemidophorus venetacaudus differs from all the other members of the ocellifer group by the absence of stripes in the dorsum and a high number of femoral pores. In addition, it differs from C. ocellifer, C. nativo, C. mumbuca, and C. jalapensis by having 34–45 (x= 38) femoral pores (24–26, x= 24 in C. nativo; a maximum of 20 in all other species); 10 longitudinal rows of ventral scales (6–8), 30–32 (x= 31.2) transverse rows of ventrals (29– 32, x= 30.8 in C. nativo, a maximum of 29 in all other species), 31–34 (x= 31.7) scales around tail (a maximum of 30 in all other species), 114–129 (x= 119.5) scales around midbody (91–122, x= 104 in C. jalapensis, a maximum of 117 in all other species), 6 superciliaries (5), 1–2 row of spurs in the heel in males (absent), interparietal nar- rower than other parietals (wider), humeral region with one row of distinctive enlarged scales (2–4 not so enlarged), and no enlarged scales in temporal region posterior to third subocular (present). Cnemidophorus veneta- caudus differs from C. abaetensis by having 34–45 (x= 38) femoral pores (27–31, x= 24), 190–218 (x= 204.8) dor- sal scales (210–240, x= 221.8), interparietal narrower than other parietals (wider), second supraocular totally separated from frontal by supraocular granules (second supraocular contacts frontal), four supraoculars (usually 3), dorsal stripe absent (present), stripe in the tail absent (present). Cnemidophorus venetacaudus differs from C. litto- ralis by having 34–45 (x= 38) femoral pores (28–36, x= 32.6 in C. littoralis), 190–218 (x= 204.8) dorsal scales (168–191, x= 174.9), interparietal narrower than other parietals (wider), frontonasal never divided (35.6 % of indi- viduals with a divided frontonasal, according to Rocha et al., 2000), second supraocular separated from frontal by supraocular granules (second supraocular contacts frontal), dorsal stripe absent (present), and stripe in the tail absent (present) [from ARIAS et al. 2011; BASTOS DA SILVA & AVILA-PIRES 2013 also present a diagnosis].
|Etymology||The specific epithet, veneta, is a Latin adjective meaning ‘‘bluish,’’ and the Latin superlative suf- fix caudus, meaning ‘‘tail.’’ The name ‘‘bluish tail’’ is an allusion to the characteristic blue coloration of the tail of this species.|
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