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Gloydius brevicaudus (STEJNEGER, 1907)

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesGloydius brevicaudus brevicaudus (STEJNEGER 1907)
Gloydius brevicaudus siniticus (GLOYD 1977) 
Common NamesG: Kurzschwanz-Mamushi 
SynonymAgkistrodon blomhoffii brevicaudus STEJNEGER 1907: 463
Ancistrodon halys brevicaudus NIKOLSKY 1916
Ancistrodon halys brevicaudus — SHANNON 1956
Gloydius blomhoffii brevicaudus — HOGE & ROMANO-HOGE 1981: 195
Agkistrodon blomhoffii brevicaudus — WELCH 1994: 11
Agkistrodon blomhoffii brevicaudus — TRUTNAU 2002
Gloydius brevicaudus — ZHOU et al. 2001
Gloydius brevicaudus — WANG & ZHAO 2007
Gloydius brevicaudus — GAULKE 2008
Gloydius brevicaudus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 310
Gloydius brevicaudus — ORLOV et al. 2014
Gloydius brevicaudus brevicaudus — DAVID & VOGEL 2015

Gloydius brevicaudus siniticus (GLOYD 1977)
Agkistrodon blomhoffii siniticus GLOYD 1977
Gloydius blomhoffii siniticus — HOGE & ROMANO-HOGE 1981 [1979]
Gloydius blomhoffii siniticus — ORLOV & BARABANOV 1999
Gloydius blomhoffii siniticus — GUMPRECHT et al. 2004
Gloydius brevicaudus siniticus — WANG & ZHAO 2007
Gloydius blomhoffii siniticus — ORLOV et al. 2014
Gloydius brevicaudus siniticus — DAVID & VOGEL 2015 
DistributionNorth Korea, South Korea, China (Liaoning, Jilin, Guangdong: HR 33: 226);

Type locality: Fusan = (Pusan), S. Korea.

siniticus: China (Yangtze River basin from E Sichuan to the delta; north to Anhwei, Kiangsu and Shantung; south into N Hunan and Kiangsi). Type locality: Ningkwo (= Ningguo Co.), Anhwei (= Anhui) Province, China.  
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesHolotype: USNM 17507 
CommentVenomous!

Distribution: see map in ORLOV & BARABANOV 1999. G. b. brevicaudus and G. b. siniticus are allopatric with a large gap in between their reanges. 
References
  • Chen, Y.; Zhang, D.; Jiang, K. & Wang, Z. 1992. Evaluation of Snake Venoms among Agkistrodon Species in China. Asiatic Herpetological Research 4: 58-61 - get paper here
  • David, P. & Vogel, G. 2015. An updated list of Asian pitvipers and a selection of recent publications, in: Visser: Asian Pitvipers. Breeding Experience & Wildlife. Frankfurt am Main, Edition Chimaira, 571pp. ISBN 978-3-89973-450-8 - get paper here
  • Gaulke, M. 2008. Der Avilon Montalban Zoological Park, Philippinen. Reptilia (Münster) 13 (69): 76-81 - get paper here
  • Gloyd, H.K. 1977. Descriptions of new taxa of crotalid snakes from China and Ceylon (Sri Lanka). Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 90: 1002-1015 - get paper here
  • Guo, P. 2000. The anatomy of the skeletal system of Gloydius brevicaudus. Cultum Herpetological Sinica, Zunyi 8:34~38
  • Guo, P.; Zhang, F.J. & Chen, Y.Y. 1999. The Hemipenes of Chinese Species of Deinagkistrodon and Gloydius (Serpentes: Crotaiinae). Asiatic Herpetological Research 8: 38-42 - get paper here
  • Hoge & ROMANO-Hoge 1981. Poisonous snakes of the world. Part I. Check list of the pit vipers, Viperoidea, Viperidae, Crotalinae. Mem. Inst. Butantan 42/43 [1978-1979]: 179-309 - get paper here
  • Huang, M.; Cao, Y.; Zhu, F. & Qu, Y. 1992. Female Reproductive Cycle and Embryonic Development of the Chinese Mamushi (Agkistrodon blomhoffii brevicaudus). Asiatic Herpetological Research 4: 62-67 - get paper here
  • Nikolsky, A. M. 1916. Faune de la Russie, Reptiles Vol. 2, Ophidia. Petrograd, 396 pp. [English translation by A. Mercado, Israel and Smithsonian Institution, 247 pp.]
  • Orlov, Nikolai L. and Andrei V. Barabanov. 1999. Analysis of nomenclature, classification, and distribution of the Agkistrodon halys - Agkistrodon intermedius complexes: a critical review. Russ. J. Herpetol. 6 (3): 167-192 - get paper here
  • Orlov, Nikolai L.; Yuri Sundukov, Ivan Kropachev 2014. Distribution of Pitvipers of «Gloydius blomhoffii» Complex in Russia with the First Records of Gloydius blomhoffii blomhoffii at Kunashir Island (Kuril Archipelago, Russian Far East). Russ. J. Herpetol. 21 (3): 169-178 - get paper here
  • Seung Hoon, Cha 2012. Snake, the world most beautifull curve [in Korean]. Hownext, 304 pp. [ISBN 978-89-965656-7-3] - get paper here
  • Shannon, F.A. 1956. The reptiles and amphibians of Korea. Herpetologica 12 (1): 22-49 - get paper here
  • Stejneger, LEONHARD H. 1907. Herpetology of Japan and adjacent territory. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 58: xx, 1-577 - get paper here
  • Trutnau, L. 2002. Die Kurzschwanz-Mamushi Agkistrodon blomhoffii brevicaudus STEJNEGER 1907 - eine selten gepflegte ostasiatische Grubenotter. Herpetofauna 24 (138): 19-28 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Welch, K. R. G. 1994. Snakes of the World. A Checklist. I. Venomous snakes. KCM Books, Somerset, England.
  • XIONG Ye, DING Li 2012. A Taxonomic Status of Fu Snakes in Mt. Wuling, Xinglong County, Hebei Province. Sichuan Journal of Zoology 31 (5) - get paper here
  • XU, Yan; Qin LIU, Edward A MYERS, , Lian WANG, Song HUANG, Yun HE,Peihao PENG and Peng GUO 2012. Molecular Phylogeny of the Genus Gloydius (Serpentes: Crotalinae). Asian Herpetological Research 3 (2): 127–132 - get paper here
  • Zhao, E.M. 2006. The snakes of China [in Chinese]. Hefei, China, Anhui Sience & Technology Publ. House, Vol. I, 372 pp., Vol. II (color plates), 280 pp.
  • Zhou, Ji-Liang; Zhang, Ya-Ping; Huang, Mei-Hua; Chen, Yong-Jiu; Chen, Xiao-Qing and Yao, Geng-Dong 2001. Phylogenetic relationships among crotalinae based on mitochondrial cytochrome B gene sequence variations [in Chinese]. Acta Zool. Sinica 47 (4): 361-366
 
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