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Gloydius brevicaudus (STEJNEGER, 1907)

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesGloydius brevicaudus brevicaudus (STEJNEGER 1907)
Gloydius brevicaudus siniticus (GLOYD 1977) 
Common NamesG: Kurzschwanz-Mamushi 
SynonymAgkistrodon blomhoffii brevicaudus STEJNEGER 1907: 463
Ancistrodon halys brevicaudus NIKOLSKY 1916
Ancistrodon halys brevicaudus — SHANNON 1956
Gloydius blomhoffii brevicaudus — HOGE & ROMANO-HOGE 1981: 195
Agkistrodon blomhoffii brevicaudus — WELCH 1994: 11
Agkistrodon blomhoffii brevicaudus — TRUTNAU 2002
Gloydius brevicaudus — ZHOU et al. 2001
Gloydius brevicaudus — WANG & ZHAO 2007
Gloydius brevicaudus — GAULKE 2008
Gloydius brevicaudus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 310
Gloydius brevicaudus brevicaudus — DAVID & VOGEL 2015

Gloydius brevicaudus siniticus (GLOYD 1977)
Agkistrodon blomhoffii siniticus GLOYD 1977
Gloydius blomhoffii siniticus — HOGE & ROMANO-HOGE 1981 [1979]
Gloydius blomhoffii siniticus — ORLOV & BARABANOV 1999
Gloydius blomhoffii siniticus — GUMPRECHT et al. 2004
Gloydius brevicaudus siniticus — WANG & ZHAO 2007
Gloydius brevicaudus siniticus — DAVID & VOGEL 2015 
DistributionNorth Korea, South Korea, China (Liaoning, Jilin, Guangdong: HR 33: 226);

Type locality: Fusan = (Pusan), S. Korea.

siniticus: China (Yangtze River basin from E Sichuan to the delta; north to Anhwei, Kiangsu and Shantung; south into N Hunan and Kiangsi). Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesHolotype: USNM 17507 

Distribution: see map in ORLOV & BARABANOV 1999. G. b. brevicaudus and G. b. siniticus are allopatric with a large gap in between their reanges. 
  • Chen, Y.; Zhang, D.; Jiang, K. & Wang, Z. 1992. Evaluation of Snake Venoms among Agkistrodon Species in China. Asiatic Herpetological Research 4: 58-61 - get paper here
  • David, P. & Vogel, G. 2015. An updated list of Asian pitvipers and a selection of recent publications, in: Visser: Asian Pitvipers. Breeding Experience & Wildlife. Frankfurt am Main, Edition Chimaira, 571pp. ISBN 978-3-89973-450-8 - get paper here
  • Gaulke, M. 2008. Der Avilon Montalban Zoological Park, Philippinen. Reptilia (Münster) 13 (69): 76-81 - get paper here
  • Gloyd, H.K. 1977. Descriptions of new taxa of crotalid snakes from China and Ceylon (Sri Lanka). Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 90: 1002-1015 - get paper here
  • Guo, P. 2000. The anatomy of the skeletal system of Gloydius brevicaudus. Cultum Herpetological Sinica, Zunyi 8:34~38
  • Guo, P.; Zhang, F.J. & Chen, Y.Y. 1999. The Hemipenes of Chinese Species of Deinagkistrodon and Gloydius (Serpentes: Crotaiinae). Asiatic Herpetological Research 8: 38-42 - get paper here
  • Hoge & ROMANO-Hoge 1981. Poisonous snakes of the world. Part I. Check list of the pit vipers, Viperoidea, Viperidae, Crotalinae. Mem. Inst. Butantan 42/43 [1978-1979]: 179-309 - get paper here
  • Huang, M.; Cao, Y.; Zhu, F. & Qu, Y. 1992. Female Reproductive Cycle and Embryonic Development of the Chinese Mamushi (Agkistrodon blomhoffii brevicaudus). Asiatic Herpetological Research 4: 62-67 - get paper here
  • Nikolsky, A. M. 1916. Faune de la Russie, Reptiles Vol. 2, Ophidia. Petrograd, 396 pp. [English translation by A. Mercado, Israel and Smithsonian Institution, 247 pp.]
  • Orlov, Nikolai L. and Andrei V. Barabanov. 1999. Analysis of nomenclature, classification, and distribution of the Agkistrodon halys - Agkistrodon intermedius complexes: a critical review. Russ. J. Herpetol. 6 (3): 167-192 - get paper here
  • Seung Hoon, Cha 2012. Snake, the world most beautifull curve [in Korean]. Hownext, 304 pp. [ISBN 978-89-965656-7-3] - get paper here
  • Shannon, F.A. 1956. The reptiles and amphibians of Korea. Herpetologica 12 (1): 22-49 - get paper here
  • Stejneger, LEONHARD H. 1907. Herpetology of Japan and adjacent territory. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 58: xx, 1-577 - get paper here
  • Trutnau, L. 2002. Die Kurzschwanz-Mamushi Agkistrodon blomhoffii brevicaudus STEJNEGER 1907 - eine selten gepflegte ostasiatische Grubenotter. Herpetofauna 24 (138): 19-28 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Welch, K. R. G. 1994. Snakes of the World. A Checklist. I. Venomous snakes. KCM Books, Somerset, England.
  • XIONG Ye, DING Li 2012. A Taxonomic Status of Fu Snakes in Mt. Wuling, Xinglong County, Hebei Province. Sichuan Journal of Zoology 31 (5) - get paper here
  • XU, Yan; Qin LIU, Edward A MYERS, , Lian WANG, Song HUANG, Yun HE,Peihao PENG and Peng GUO 2012. Molecular Phylogeny of the Genus Gloydius (Serpentes: Crotalinae). Asian Herpetological Research 3 (2): 127–132 - get paper here
  • Zhao, E.M. 2006. The snakes of China [in Chinese]. Hefei, China, Anhui Sience & Technology Publ. House, Vol. I, 372 pp., Vol. II (color plates), 280 pp.
  • Zhou, Ji-Liang; Zhang, Ya-Ping; Huang, Mei-Hua; Chen, Yong-Jiu; Chen, Xiao-Qing and Yao, Geng-Dong 2001. Phylogenetic relationships among crotalinae based on mitochondrial cytochrome B gene sequence variations [in Chinese]. Acta Zool. Sinica 47 (4): 361-366
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