Gloydius caraganus (EICHWALD, 1831)
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|Higher Taxa||Viperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)|
|Common Names||E: Karaganda pitviper|
|Synonym||Trigonocephalus caraganus EICHWALD 1831|
Ancistrodon halys paramonovi NIKOLSKY 1931
Agkistrodon halys caraganus — HARDING & WELCH 1980
Agkistrodon halys caraganus — WELCH 1994: 11
Agkistrodon halys caraganus — LAMBERT 2002
Gloydius halys caraganus — GUMPRECHT et al. 2004
Gloydius halys caraganus — DAVLETBAKOV et al. 2015
Gloydius halys caraganus — WAGNER et al. 2015
Gloydius caraganus — ASADI et al. 2019
Gloydius halys caraganus — WITTE 2020
|Distribution||Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan; from the mouth of the Volga to E Kazakhstan|
Type locality: Ora orientali caspii maris Tjuk-karaganensi (= Cape Karagan Hill, Mangyshlak Peninsula, eastern edge of the Caspian Sea, western Kazakhstan).
|Types||Neotype: ZISP 2200 Mangyshlak Peninsula. Leg.: K. Baer, 1854|
|Diagnosis||Diagnosis (caraganus). A relatively slender and moderately stout viper up to 735 mm total length in males (740 mm and more according to Orlov and Barabanov, 1999), to 530 mm in females. Snout seen in profile slightly recurved, supralabial scales usually 8 (71%) sometimes 7. Apical pits absent. Dorsal scales in 23 (rarely 21) rows around midbody; ventral scales between 149-167 (141-183 fide Orlov and Barabanov, 1999); subcaudal scales paired, between 33-47 (16-51 fide Orlov and Barabanov, 1999). General coloration is pale. Body with 36-50 dark transverse bands, not extending low on the sides and with relatively broad light areas between them [WAGNER et al. 2015].|
Synonymy: Listed as a synonym of Gloydius halys by Wallach et al. 2014: 310.
|Etymology||Named after the type locality.|
The name of G. h. ubsunurensis is derived from the name of the Ubsunur Hollow which is located in the south of Tuva (Russia) and north-western Mongolia.
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