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Gomesophis brasiliensis (GOMES, 1918)

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common NamesBrazilian Burrowing Snake 
SynonymTachymenis brasiliensis GOMES 1918: 78
Tachymenis brasiliensis — AMARAL 1932
Gomesophis brasiliensis — HOGE & MERTENS 1959
Gomesophis brasiliensis — DE LEMA 1962
Gomesophis brasiliensis — SCARTOZZONI & MARQUES 2004
Gomesophis brasiliensis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 312 
DistributionBrazil (Minas Gerais, Sao Paulo, Parana, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina)

Type locality: Pindamonhangaba, São Paulo, Brazil.  
TypesHolotype: IB (= IBSP) 1316 
CommentBelongs to the Tachymenini, together with 6 other genera (BAILEY 1967), including Ptychophis, Tomodon, Thamnodynastes, and Tachymenis.

Habitat: burrowing in mud, partially aquatic

Type species: Tachymenis brasiliensis GOMES 1918: 78 is the type species of the genus Gomesophis HOGE & MERTENS 1959. 
EtymologyNamed after the species’ distribution in Brazil. 
  • Alcantara-Menezes, Frederico 2017. Repertoire of antipredator displays in the poorly known Atlantic forest snake, Gomesophis brasiliensis (Gomes, 1918). Herpetology Notes 10: 245-247 - get paper here
  • Amaral, A. D. 1932. Contribuicao a biologia dos ofidios do Brasil III. Habitos curiosos da especie Tachymenis brasiliensis Gomes (Colubridae, Boiginae). Mem. Inst. Butantan 7: 91-92 - get paper here
  • Bailey, Joseph R. 1967. The synthetic approach to colubrid classification. Herpetologica 23 (2): 155-161 - get paper here
  • Barbisan Fortes, Vanessa; Elaine Maria Lucas and Vinícius Matheus Caldart 2010. Reptilia, Serpentes, Dipsadidae, Gomesophis brasiliensis (Gomes, 1918): Distribution extension in state of Santa Catarina, Brazil. Check List 6 (3): 414-415 - get paper here
  • Bérnils, R.S.; Batista, M.A. & Bertelli, P.W. 2001. Cobras e lagartos do Vale: levantamento das espécies de Squamata (Reptilia, Lepidosauria) da Bacia do Rio Itajai, Santa Catarina, Brasil. Rev. Est. Ambientais (Blumenau) 3 (1): 69-79
  • Franca, F.G.R.; Daniel O. Mesquita, Cristiano C. Nogueira, and Alexandre F. B. Araújo 2008. Phylogeny and Ecology Determine Morphological Structure in a Snake Assemblage in the Central Brazilian Cerrado. Copeia 2008 (1): 23-38 - get paper here
  • Gomes, J.F. 1918. Contribuição para o conhecimento dos ofidios do Brasil. III (1). Mem. Inst. Butantan 1 (1): 57-83 - get paper here
  • Gonzalez, R. C., A. L. C. Prudente & F. L. Franco 2014. Morphological variation of Gomesophis brasiliensis and Ptychophis flavovirgatus (Serpentes, Dipsadidae, Xenodontinae). Salamandra 50 (2): 85-98 - get paper here
  • Hoge, Alphonse Richard and Robert Mertens. 1959. Eine neue Gattung opisthoglypher Nattern aus Brasilien. Senckenbergiana Biologica 40 (5/6): 241-243
  • Klaczko, J; Sherratt E, Setz EZF 2016. Are Diet Preferences Associated to Skulls Shape Diversification in Xenodontine Snakes? PLoS One 11 (2): e0148375. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0148375 - get paper here
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • Prudente, Ana Lúcia da Costa;Brandão, Reuber A. 1998. Geographic Distribution. Gomesophis brasiliensis. Herpetological Review 29 (2): 112 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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