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Gonatodes ligiae DONOSO-BARROS, 1967

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Higher TaxaSphaerodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymGonatodes ligiae DONOSO-BARROS 1967
Gonatodes concinnatus ligiae — RIVERO-BLANCO 1979: 92
Gonatodes concinnatus ligiae — RIVERO-BLANCO & BARRIO-AMORÓS 2002
Gonatodes ligiae — STURARO & AVILA-PIRES 2011 
DistributionVenezuela (Llanos (HR 33: 67)

Type locality: Bosque de la Carabela, Barinitas, Venezuela. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: MZUC 11261, adult male, (there are also syntypes in BMNH 1946.9.7.10-12 (3), at least according to the BMNH online catalog). 
CommentDescription: G. ligiae shows dramatic sexual dimorphism (see Fig. 8 in STURARO & AVILA-PIRES 2011).

Distribtion: reports from Peru are in error.

Behavior: mainly diurnal

Synonymy: Rivero-Blanco (1968), based on specimens from the type locality but without examining the type material of G. ligiae, considered it a synonym of G. concinnatus.

Diagnosis: A medium-sized Gonatodes, with maximum SLV of 40.7 mm. Scales around midbody 109–128. Ventral scales in a longitudinal row 45–52. Proximal subdigital lamellae as wide as digits, in total 15–17 under fourth finger, 18–21 under fourth toe. Two, occasionally three, lateral rows of scales on distal portion of fingers and toes. Tail with midventral scales distinctly wider than long, forming a repetitive sequence of two single midventrals (one after the other), each in contact laterodistally with one scale per side, followed by a single midventral in contact laterodistally with two scales per side (1’1’1”). A white suprahumeral bar, bordered by black, present both in males and females, although more conspicuous in males; it extends dorsally to approximately the dorsolateral region. Males with head and trunk dorsally without vermiculations; no dark streaks on gular region (Sturaro & Avila-Pires 2011: 14). 
References
  • Barrio-Amorós, C.L. 2010. GONATODES - Los Geckos diurnos de Venezuela. RioVerde 2010; 43-50
  • BARRIO-AMORÓS, CESAR L. & JUAN C. ORTÍZ 2016. Venezuelan geckos (Gekkonidae, Phyllodactylidae, Sphaerodactylidae) in the collection of the Universidad de Concepción in Chile, with description of the type series of Gonatodes ligiae and Gonatodes petersi (Sphaerodactylidae). Zootaxa 4136 (3): 537–552
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Donoso-Barros, R. 1967. Diagnosis de dos nuevas especies del género Gonatodes de Venezuela. Noticiario Mensual del Museo Nacional de Historia Natural, Santiago (Chile) 11 (129): 4
  • Duellman, W. E. 1978. The biology of an equatorial herpetofauna in Amazonian Ecuador. Misc. Publ. Univ. Kans. Mus. Nat. Hist. 65: 1-352 - get paper here
  • Gamble, Tony; Andrew M. Simons, Guarino R. Colli and Laurie J. Vitt 2008. Tertiary climate change and the diversification of the Amazonian gecko genus Gonatodes (Sphaerodactylidae, Squamata). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 46 (1): 269-277 - get paper here
  • Hluschi, D. 2009. Gonatodes - die unbekannten Juwelen der Neotropis. Reptilia (Münster) 14 (78): 16-23 - get paper here
  • O'shaughnessy,A.W.E. 1881. An account of the collection of lizards made by Mr. Buckley in Ecuador, and now in the British Museum, with descritions of the new species. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1881: 227-245 - get paper here
  • Rivas, G.A. & Schargel, W.E. 2008. Gecko on the rocks: an enigmatic new species of Gonatodes (Sphaerodactylidae) from Inselbergs of the Venezuelan Guayana. Zootaxa 1925: 39–50 - get paper here
  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & PHILIPPE J. R. KOK 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist. Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
  • Rivero-Blanco, C. 1968. Un género y dos especies de Tuqueques (Sauria: Sphaerodactylinae) citados por primera vez para Venezuela, con notas sobre la distribución de otras especies poco conocidas. Mem. Soc. Cien. Nat. LaSalle (Caracas) 27 [1967]: 103-119.
  • RIVERO-BLANCO, C. & C. L. BARRIO AMORÓS. 2002. Geographic Distribution. Sauria: Gonatodes concinnatus ligiae. Herpetological Review 33(1):67 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • STURARO, MARCELO JOSÉ & TERESA C.S. AVILA-PIRES 2011. Taxonomic revision of the geckos of the Gonatodes concinnatus complex (Squamata: Sphaerodactylidae), with description of two new species. Zootaxa 2869: 1–36 - get paper here
 
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