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Gonatodes nascimentoi STURARO & AVILA-PIRES, 2011

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Higher TaxaSphaerodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesPortuguese: Lagartixa 
SynonymGonatodes nascimentoi STURARO & AVILA_PIRES 2011 
DistributionBrazil (Pará, Amapá)

Type locality: Fazenda Caracol, right margin of Rio Xingu, Município Anapu, Pará, Brazil (3°27’30”S and 51°40’33”W)  
Reproductionoviparous (manual imputation, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: MPEG 25596 (field number BML 446), an adult male, collected in pitfall trap inside primary forest, by A. A. Lima, M. J. Sturaro and R. A. T. Rocha, 12 January 2008. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A relatively large Gonatodes, with maximum SLV of 55.7 mm. Scales around midbody 118–143. Ventral scales in a longitudinal row 49–60. Proximal subdigital lamellae as wide as digits, in total 18–23 under fourth finger, 23–28 under fourth toe. Three, occasionally four, lateral rows of scales on distal portion of fingers and toes. Tail with midventral scales distinctly wider than long, forming a repetitive sequence of two single midventrals (one after the other), each in contact laterodistally with one scale per side, followed by a divided (only on proximal portion of tail, when present) or single midventral in contact laterodistally with two scales per side (respectively 1’1’2” and 1’1’1”). A white suprahumeral bar, bordered by black, both in males and females (but thinner in the latter); from very short (hardly higher than long) to almost reaching the middorsal region. Males with a vermiculated pattern of light and dark (in life respectively drab or orange-yellow, and reddish-brown) spots on head and body dorsally; gular region light with dark oblique streaks or redddish with white oblique streaks (orange with orange-yellow streaks in life). 
CommentBehavior: diurnal 
EtymologyThe species is named after Francisco Paiva do Nascimento, who worked for many years in Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi and contributed to our knowledge of Amazonian reptiles, most of all about the snakes from eastern Amazonia. 
  • Gonzalez R. C. et al. 2020. Lista dos Nomes Populares dos Répteis no Brasil – Primeira Versão. Herpetologia Brasileira 9 (2): 121 – 214 - get paper here
  • RIBEIRO-JÚNIOR, MARCO A. 2015. Catalogue of distribution of lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) from the Brazilian Amazonia. II. Gekkonidae, Phyllodactylidae, Sphaerodactylidae. Zootaxa 3981 (1): 001–055 - get paper here
  • Ribeiro-Júnior, Marco A. & Silvana Amaral 2016. Diversity, distribution, and conservation of lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) in the Brazilian Amazonia. Neotropical Biodiversity, 2:1, 195-421 - get paper here
  • STURARO, MARCELO JOSÉ & TERESA C.S. AVILA-PIRES 2011. Taxonomic revision of the geckos of the Gonatodes concinnatus complex (Squamata: Sphaerodactylidae), with description of two new species. Zootaxa 2869: 1–36 - get paper here
  • Vaz-Silva, W.; RM Oliveira, AFN Gonzaga, KC Pinto, FC Poli, TM Bilce, M Penhacek, L Wronski, JX Martins, TG Junqueira, LCC, Cesca VY, Guimarães RD. Pinheiro 2015. Contributions to the knowledge of amphibians and reptiles from Volta Grande do Xingu, northern Brazil Braz. J. Biol., 75 (3) (suppl.): S205-S218 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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