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Gongylomorphus bojerii (DESJARDIN, 1831)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Scincinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesGongylomorphus bojerii fontenayi VINSON 1973
Gongylomorphus bojerii bojerii (DESJARDIN 1831)
Gongylomorphus bojerii borbonica VINSON 1970 
Common NamesBojer's Skink 
SynonymScincus bojerii DESJARDIN 1831: 296
Gongylus Bojerii — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 625
Scelotes bojeri — BOULENGER 1887: 409
Gongylomorphus bojeri — GREER 1970
Gongylomorphus bojerii — BRYGOO 1981
Scelotes bojerii — NORTH et al. 1994
Thyrus bojeri ? (O’SHEA, pers. comm.)
Gongylomorphus bojeri — AUSTIN & ARNOLD 2006

Gongylomorphus bojerii borbonica VINSON 1970
Gongylomorphus bojerii borbonica — BRYGOO 1985: 16

Gongylomorphus bojeri fontenayi VINSON 1973
Gongylomorphus fontenayi — AUSTIN & ARNOLD 2006 
DistributionMascarenes, Mauritius (Round Island, Gunner's Quoin [Coin de Mire], Reunion ?) Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: MNHN, apparently lost (Brygoo 1985)
Holotype: MNHN [borbonica] 
CommentConservation: Probably extinct on Reunion.

Type species: Scincus bojerii DESJARDIN 1831 is the type species of the genus Gongylomorphus FITZINGER 1843.

Diagnosis (genus): Skull characters: Palatine bones and palatal rami of pterygoids meeting medially; palatal rami of pterygoids "squared-off," not emarginated posteriorly as in the following two genera; pterygoid teeth absent (Fig. 7 in GREER 1970). Postorbital bone distinct, well developed; supratemporal arch well developed; 16 teeth on maxilla and 11 teeth on premaxillae. External characters: Interparietal small, not touching supraoculars; frontoparietals present (absent in all other subsaharan Africa, Madagascar, or west Indian Ocean island scincines); ear opening a horizontal slit; 38 longitudinal scale rows at midbody; digits 5-5 [from GREER 1970]. 
References
  • Austin, J. J. & Arnold, E.N. 2006. Using ancient and recent DNA to explore relationships of extinct and endangered Leiolopisma skinks (Reptilia: Scincidae) in the Mascarene islands. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 39 (2): 503-511 - get paper here
  • Austin, J.J.; Arnold, E.N. & Jones, C.G. 2009. Interrelationships and history of the slit-eared skinks (Gongylomorphus, Scincidae) of the Mascarene islands, based on mitochondrial DNA and nuclear gene sequences. Zootaxa 2153: 55–68 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) III. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropsidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. London: 575pp. - get paper here
  • Brygoo,E.R. 1981. Systématique des lézards scincides de la région malgache. IX. Nouvelles unités taxinomiques pour les Scelotes s.l. Bull. Mus. natl. Hist. nat. Paris, 4th ser., Sect. A., 3 (4): 1193-1204
  • Brygoo,E.R. 1985. Les types des scincidés (Reptiles, Sauriens) du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, catalogue critique. Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. (4e sér.) 7 (sect. A 3), suppl.: 1-126
  • Desjardin, J. 1831. Sur trois espèces de lézard du genre scinque, qui habitent l'île Maurice (Ile-de-France). Ann. Sci. Nat. Paris 22: 292-299 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol.5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • Garbutt N 1992. The reptiles of Round Island, Mauritius. HERPTILE 17 (4): 157-170
  • North S G; Bullock D J; Dulloo M E 1994. Changes in the vegetation and reptile populations on Round Island, Mauritius, following eradication of rabbits. Biological Conservation 67 (1) (1993): 21-28
  • Vinson, J., and J.—M. Vinson. 1969. The saurian fauna of the Mascarene Islands. Mauritius Institute Bulletin, 6:203-320
  • Vinson, Jean-Michel 1973. A new skink of the genus Gongylomorphus from Macabé forest (Mauritius). Rev. agric. sucr. Île Maurice 52: 39-40
 
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