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Goniurosaurus zhelongi WANG, JIN, LI & GRISMER, 2014

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Higher TaxaEublepharidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Common NamesE: Zhe-long’s Leopard Gecko
Chinese: Pu Shi Jian Hu 
SynonymGoniurosaurus zhelongi WANG, JIN, LI & GRISMER 2014 
DistributionChina (Guangdong)

Type locality: 24°24’45.8’’N, 113°06’19.94’’E, 184 m above sealevel; datum 1⁄4 WGS84) from the Shimentai Nature Reserve, Yingde City, Guangdong Province, China  
TypesHolotype: SYS r000770, adult male (Figs. 2a, 3a), collected by R.L. Li (hereinafter RLL) and J.H. Yang (hereinafter JHY) on 9 October 2012. Paratypes: Four specimens, bearing same data as the holotype. Three adult females: SYS r000551, collected by RLL and T.D. Zhang on 26 October 2011; SYS r000765 (Fig. 2b), collected by RLL and JHY on 20 September 2012; SYS r000766 (Figs. 3b–e), collected by RLL and J.M. Zhang on 20 September 2012; and one adult male, SYS r000816 (Fig. 3f), collected by YYW and YLL on 25 April 2013. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Goniurosaurus zhelongi sp. nov. can be distinguished from all other congeners by the combination of the following characters: (1) medium size, measuring 86.0– 93.4 mm in SVL in adults; (2) body and limbs slender; (3) tail short, 0.85 times as long as SVL; (4) dorsal ground color of head, body, and limbs of adults brownish-black; (5) nuchal loop rounded posteriorly, dorsal body bands between limb insertions four, thin, edged in black anteriorly and posteriorly; (6) chin, throat, thorax, ventral surfaces of body white, brownish-tinged, with dark brown lateral spots; (7) iris gray-white, tinged with orange; 8) nasal scales surrounding nares 6–8; (9) internasal usually single, rarely two; (10) eyelid fringe scales 45–52; (11) granular scales of the upper eyelids similar in size to those on the top of the head; (12) a row of slightly enlarged supraorbital tubercles present; (13) scales around midbody 105–109; (14) dorsal tubercle rows at midbody 26–28; (15) para- vertebral tubercles between limb insertions 28–33; (16) claws sheathed by four scales, two lateral scales short and shell-shaped; (17) axillary pockets deep; (18) precloacal pores in males nine and absent in females; (19) ridged occlusal tooth margins.

Comparisons.—Comparative data for Go- niurosaurus zhelongi sp. nov. and 14 other species of Goniurosaurus (Table 4) were obtained from the literature (Grismer et al., 1999, 2002; Orlov et al., 2008; Ziegler et al., 2008; Blair et al., 2009; Wang et al., 2010, 2013). The specimens of G. yingdeensis, G. liboensis, G. luii, G. hainanensis, and G. bawanglingensis examined are listed in the Appendix.
Goniurosaurus zhelongi sp. nov. is most similar to G. yingdeensis, a sympatric species from Yingde City, but they are differ from each other by the dorsal ground color of head and body being brownish-black (vs. brown); dorsal surface of neck and body mottled with indistinct faint marking (vs. having distinct light-color dapples); granular scales of upper eyelids similar in size to those on top of head (vs. small granular scales approximately one- half the size of those on top of head); internasal single, rarely two (vs. two or three); nine precloacal pores in males and absent in females (vs.10–13 in males and females); fewer subdigital lamellae (7–8 on Finger I vs. 8–10, 15–17 on Finger IV vs. 17–21, 7–9 on Toe I vs. 10–12, 17–22 on Toe IV vs. 19–24); dorsal ground color of nape of neck dark orange without black spots in juveniles (vs. orange with black spots in juveniles; Fig. 2c,d).
Goniurosaurus zhelongi sp. nov. can be easily distinguished from the 13 other known species by base of claws being sheathed by four scales, two lateral scales of claw short and shell-shaped (vs. claws sheathed by four scales, two lateral scales of claw long, curved in G. hainanensis, G. liboensis, G. luii, G. lichtenfelderi, G. araneus, G. catbaensis, G. huuliensis, and not sheathed by four scales in G. kuroiwae, G. orientalis, G. splendens, G. toyamai, and G. yamashinae); having nine precloacal pores in the males (vs. 37–46 in G. bawanglingensis, 24–32 in G. hainanensis, 23– 28 in G. liboensis, 23–29 in G. luii, 17–32 in G. lichtenfelderi, 18–22 in G. araneus, 16–21 in G. catbaensis, 25–28 in G. huuliensis, absent in G. kuroiwae, G. orientalis, G. splendens, G. toyamai, and G. yamashinae). The new species differs from the following six congeners by nuchal loop posteriorly rounded (vs. protracted in G. liboensis, G. luii, G. catbaensis, G. huuliensis, G. araneus, and G. bawanglingensis); from the following eight congeners by dorsal surface of body mottled with indistinct faint marking (vs. maculated with dark spots in G. bawanglingensis, G. hainanensis, G. liboensis, G. luii, G. lichten- felderi, G. catbaensis, and G. huuliensis, and immaculate in G. araneus); from G. bawan- glingensis, G. hainanensis, and G. huuliensis by body bands dirty white, without dark spots. 
CommentAbundance: only known from its original description (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyThe specific name zhelongi is in honor of an outstanding Chinese taxonomist and biologist, Professor Zhe-Long Pu. His first name, ‘‘Zhe-Long,’’ in Chinese means ‘‘dormant dragon,’’ and zhelongi is an adjective in grammatical accord with the gender of Goniurosaurus. 
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Wang, Ying-Yong; Meng-Jie Jin, Yu-Long Li, and L. Lee Grismer 2014. Description of a New Species of Goniurosaurus (Squamata: Eublepharidae) from the Guangdong Province, China, Based on Molecular and Morphological Data. Herpetologica Sep 2014, Vol. 70, No. 3: 309-322. - get paper here
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