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Gonyosoma frenatum (GRAY, 1853)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Khasi Hills Trinket snake
G: Zügelnatter
Chinese: 灰腹绿锦蛇 
SynonymHerpetrodryas [sic] frenatus GRAY 1853: 390
Coluber frenatus — BOULENGER 1890 (fide SMITH 1943: 144)
Coluber frenatus — BOULENGER 1894: 58
Elaphe frenata POPE 1935
Rhadinophis melli VOGT 1922
Gonyosoma caldwelli SCHMIDT 1925: 4
Gonyosoma melli — MELL 1931 [1929]
Elaphe frenata — SMITH 1943: 144
Chrysopelea ornata var. lungchuanensis HU et al. 1958
Elaphe frenata — DAS 1996: 56
Elaphe frenata — SCHULZ 1996: 129
Gonyosoma frenata — DAS 1997
Elaphe frenata — VOGEL 2002 (pers. comm.)
Elaphe frenata — GUMPRECHT 2003
Elaphe frenata — MAO et al. 2003
Elaphe frenata — SHARMA 2004
Gonyosoma frenatum — UTIGER et al. 2005
Elaphe frenata — ZHAO 2006
Rhadinophis frenata — BURBRINK 2007
Gonyosoma frenatum — NGUYEN et al. 2009
Rhadinophis frenatum — PYRON & BURBRINK 2013
Rhynchophis frenatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 640
Gonyosoma frenatum — CHEN et al. 2014
Gonyosoma frenatus — FELDMAN et al. 2015
Gonyosoma frenatum — WANG et al. 2022 
DistributionIndia (Assam, Arunachal Pradesh (Siddi (=Gandhigram) - Changlang district) [A. Captain, pers. comm.]),
S China (to SW Sichuan; Fujian, Guangdong, Anhui, Guangxi, Guizhou, Zhejian), Taiwan
N Vietnam

Type locality: India: Khasi Hills (Gray, 1853)  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.1.6.5 (formerly BMNH 1853.8.12.20), adult female (J. Hooker, May–Dec. 1850).
Holotype: ZMB 27662 [Rhadinophis melli] 
DiagnosisDescription: Closely allied to E. prasina, differing as follows: Snout more projecting; prefrontals twice as long as the internasals; nasals sometimes united into a single shield; 8 or 9 supralabials loreal united with the prefrontal. V. 201-235; C. 120-145 A. 2. Hemipenis as in prasina. (Smith 1943)

Colouration: as in prasina, but with a black streak along the side of the head above the labials. (Smith 1943) 
CommentNomenclature: Rhadinophis is male and thus the name has to be “frenatus” (Kriton Kunz, pers. comm.).

Type species: Rhadinophis melli VOGT 1922 is the type species of Rhadinophis VOGT 1922 (= Gonyosoma or Elaphe fide WILLIAMS & WALLACH 1989 without justification). The status of Rhadinophis is briefly discussed in SCHULZ et al. 2011 and may need revision. Chen et al. 2014 state that Rhadinophis frenatus is the type species of Rhadinophis.

Synonymy: Kaiser et al. 2013 considered the generic name Katrinahoserea Hoser 2012 invalid and rejected its use instead of Rhadinophis.

Habitat: fully arboreal (Harrington et al. 2018).

Distribution: possibly in Yunnan (China) but records from there are questionable (Wang et al. 2022). 
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