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Gopherus berlandieri (AGASSIZ, 1857)

IUCN Red List - Gopherus berlandieri - , LR

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Higher TaxaTestudinidae, Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles) 
Common NamesTexas (Gopher )Tortoise 
SynonymXerobates berlandieri AGASSIZ 1857: 447
Testudo berlandieri — BOULENGER 1889
Gopherus berlandieri — STEJNEGER 1893
Gopherus polyphemus berlandieri — MERTENS & WERMUTH 1955
Xerobates berlandieri OTTLEY & VELÁZQUES SOLIS 1989
Gopherus berlandieri — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 74
Gopherus berlandieri — LINER 1994
Gopherus berlandieri — CROTHER 2000
Gopherus berlandieri — TTWG 2014 
DistributionUSA (S Texas south of Del Rio and San Antonio),
Mexico (E Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, Tamaulipas, Jalisco)

Type locality: Brownsville, Cameron County, Texas. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
ReproductionGopherus agassizii can hybridize with Gopherus berlandieri (Edwards et al. 2010). 
TypesSyntypes: USNM 60 (2 specimens) 
EtymologyNamed after Jean Louis Berlandier (ca. 1805-1851), Belgian biologist, who left Europe for Mexico in 1826 and settled there. 
  • Agassiz, Louis 1857. Contributions to the Natural History of the United States of America. vol. 1. Little, Brown & Co., Boston, lii + 452 pp.
  • Auffenberg W; Franz R 1978. Gopherus berlandieri (Agassiz). Texas tortoise. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles ( 213: 1-2 - get paper here
  • Auffenberg, W., & Franz, R. 1978. Gopherus Rafinesque: gopher tortoises. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (211): 1-2 [species accounts in nos. 212-215] - get paper here
  • Auffenberg, W.; Weaver, W. G. 1969. Gopherus berlandieri in southeastern Texas. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum 13: 141-203 - get paper here
  • Bartlett, R. D. & Bartlett, P. 1999. A Field Guide to Texas Reptiles and Amphibians. Gulf Publishing Co., Houston, Texas, 331 pp.
  • Bonin, F., Devaux, B. & Dupré, A. 2006. Turtles of the World. English translation by P.C.H. Pritchard. Johns Hopkins University Press, 416 pp.
  • Bour, Roger. 2016. Where and when was Jean Louis Berlandier born? - Notes on Jean Louis Berlandier. I. Bibliotheca Herpetologica 12 (1): 18-40
  • Coghill, Lyndon M., Johel Chaves-Campos, Uri Omar García Vázquez and Arturo Contreras. 2011. Geographic Distribution: Gopherus berlandieri (Texas tortoise). Herpetological Review 42 (3): 388 - get paper here
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Cupul-Magaña, Fabio Germán 2012. Varanus exanthematicus (Bosc, 1792), Apalone spinifera emoryi (Le Sueur, 1827) y Gopherus berlandieri (Agassiz, 1857): reptiles exóticos en el área urbana de Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, México. Cuadernos de Herpetología 26 (1): - get paper here
  • Dixon, James R. 2000. Amphibians and reptiles of Texas, second edition. Texas A&M University Press, 421 pp.
  • Edwards, T.; Jarchow, C.J.; Jones, C.A. & Bonine, K.E. 2010. Tracing Genetic Lineages of Captive Desert Tortoises in Arizona. Journal of Wildlife Management 74(4):801–807;]
  • Ernst, Carl H.; Lovich, Jeffrey E. 2009. Turtles of the United States and Canada, 2nd edition. Johns Hopkins University Press, 827 pp. - get paper here
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • Fujii, A. & Forstner, R.J. 2010. Genetic Variation and Population Structure of the Texas Tortoise, Gopherus berlandieri (Testudinidae), with Implications for Conservation. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 9(1): 61–69
  • Gunter, Gordon 1945. The northern range of Berlandier's tortoise. Copeia 1945 (3): 175 - get paper here
  • Hamilton, Rodgers D. 1944. Notes on mating and migration in Berlandier's turtle. Copeia 1944 (1): 62 - get paper here
  • Hibbitts, Troy D. and Terry L. Hibbitts 2016. Texas Turtles & Crocodilians: a Field Guide. University of Texas Press, Austin, Texas. xvi + 276 pp., 117 photos, 36 maps. ISBN 978-1477307779.
  • Lamb, Trip;Avise, John C.;Gibbons, J. Whitfield 1989. Phylogeographic patterns in mitochondrial DNA of the desert tortoise (Xerobates agassizi), and evolutionary relationships among the North American gopher tortoises. Evolution 43 (1): 76-87 - get paper here
  • Lamb, Trip;Lydeard, Charles 1994. A molecular phylogeny of the gopher tortoises, with comments on familial relationships within the Testudinoidea. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 3 (4): 283-291 - get paper here
  • Legler, J.M.& Vogt, R.C. 2013. The Turtles of Mexico: Land and Freshwater Forms. University of California Press, 416 pp.
  • McCord, W.P. & Joseph-Ouni, M. 2004. Chelonian Illustrations #14: North and South American Tortoises. Reptilia (GB) (34): 47-50 - get paper here
  • Mittleman, M. B. 1947. Notes on Gopherus berlandieri (Agassiz). Copeia 1947 (3): 211 - get paper here
  • Moll, E.O. 2003. Gopherus berlandieri (Agassiz, 1857) - Texas Tortoise. Patronyms of the Pioneer West. Sonoran Herpetologist 16 (6):38-39. - get paper here
  • Nevárez-de los Reyes, M., D. Lazcano, B. Navarro-Velásquez, and L. D. Wilson. 2017. Predation on Gopherus berlandieri (Testudines: Testudinidae) by Rattus norvegicus (Rodentia: Muridae) in the wild. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(1): 185–188 - get paper here
  • Nichols, Richard A. 1989. Mitochondrial DNA clues to gopher tortoise dispersal. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 4: 192
  • Ottley, John R.; Solis, Victor M. Velazques 1989. An Extant, Indigenous Tortoise Population in Baja California Sur, Mexico, with the Description of a New Xerobates (Chelonii: Testudinidae). Great Basin Naturalist 49 (4): 496 - get paper here
  • Pàmies, E. & A. Garza 2011. Gopherus berlandieri – Terrarienhaltung und Nachzucht der Texas-Gopherschildkröte. Reptilia (Münster) 16 (91): 24-28 - get paper here
  • Rose, Francis L.; Frank W. Judd, and Michael F. Small 2011. Survivorship in Two Coastal Populations of Gopherus berlandieri. Journal of Herpetology 45 (1): 75-78. - get paper here
  • Stanford, Craig B. 2010. THE LAST TORTOISE, A TAIL OF EXTINCTION IN OUR LIFETIMES. Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts. Hardcover, 240 pp.
  • Strecker, John K. 1929. Random notes on the Zoology of Texas. Contributions from Baylor University Museum (18): 1-6
  • Tanzer, Ernest C.;Morrison, Eston O.;Hoffpauir, Charles 1966. New locality records for amphibians and reptiles in Texas. Southwestern Naturalist 11 (1): 131-132 - get paper here
  • Terán-Juárez, Sergio A., Elí García Padilla, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The herpetofauna of Tamaulipas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (1): 43–113 - get paper here
  • TTWG [Peter Paul van Dijk, John B. Iverson, Anders G.J. Rhodin, H. Bradley Shaffer, and Roger Bour] 2014. Turtles of the World, 7th Edition: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution with Maps, and Conservation Status. 000.v7. Chelonian Research Monographs (ISSN 1088-7105) No. 5, doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v7.2014 - get paper here
  • Valverde, J. 2011. Die Schildkröten Mexikos. Reptilia (Münster) 16 (91): 16-23 - get paper here
  • Winchell, S. 2006. Tortoises of North America - an overview of the genus Gopherus. Reptilia (GB) (49): 9-15 - get paper here
  • Winchell, S. & Love, B. 2006. Die Landschildkröten Nordamerikas. Ein Überblick über die Gattung Gopherus. Reptilia (Münster) 11 (62): 20-27 - get paper here
  • Woodbury, Angus M. 1952. Hybrids of Gopherus berlandieri and G. agassizii. Herpetologica 8: 33-36 - get paper here
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