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Gopherus evgoodei EDWARDS, KARL, VAUGHN, ROSEN, MELÉNDEZ-TORRES & MURPHY, 2016

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Higher TaxaTestudinidae, Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesGoode’s Thornscrub Tortoise 
SynonymGopherus evgoodei EDWARDS, KARL, VAUGHN, ROSEN, MELÉNDEZ-TORRES & MURPHY 2016
Xerobates agassizii COOPER 1861 (partim)
Gopherus agassizii — STEJNEGER 1893 (partim)
Scaptochelys agassizii — BRAMBLE 1982 (partim)
Xerobates lepidocephalus — OTTLEY & VELÁZQUES-SOLIS 1989 (in error)
Xerobates lepidocephalus — CRUMLY & GRISMER 1994 (in error)
Gopherus morafkai — MURPHY et al. 2011 (partim) 
DistributionMexico (Sonora)

Type locality: Alamos (approximate location 27°02'N, 108°55'W, elevation 433 m), Sonora, Mexico Map legend:
Type locality - Type locality.
 
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype. AMNH (American Museum of Natural History) R64160; adult male, collected on 27 August–2 September 1942 by Charles M. Bogert and preserved in ethanol (Figs 6–14).
Paratypes. AMNH R64157, an adult male; AMNH R64158, an adult female; and ROM (Royal Ontario Museum) 53301 (formerly AMNH R64159), an adult female; all with same collecting data as the holotype and all preserved in ethanol. 
CommentDistribution: see map in Murphy et al. 2016: 133.

Hybridization: Gopherus evgoodei hybridizes with G. morafkai in C Sonora. 
EtymologyThe new species is a patronym, a noun in the genitive case, in rec- ognition of Eric V. Goode, a conservationist, naturalist, and founder of the Turtle Conservancy. He has contributed generously to the conservation of this species via the preservation of land in Mexico, and he actively pursues the conservation of turtles and tortoises on a global scale. Eric sets an important precedent by complementing this taxonomic description with a tangible action that contributes to the conservation of the new species in its native habitat. 
References
  • Bramble DM 1982. Scaptochelys: generic revision and evolution of gopher tortoises. Copeia 1982: 852–867, doi: 10.2307/1444097 - get paper here
  • Cooper, J,G. 1861. New Californian Animals. Proc. California Acad. Vol. 2: 118-123 - get paper here
  • Crumly, C. R. & Grismer, L.L. 1994. Validity of the tortoise Xerobates lepidocephalus OTTLEY and VELAZQUES in Baja California. Fish and Wildlife Research 13: 33-37
  • Edwards T, Karl AE, Vaughn M, Rosen PC, Torres CM, Murphy RW 2016. The desert tortoise trichotomy: Mexico hosts a third, new sister-species of tortoise in the Gopherus morafkai–G. agassizii group. ZooKeys 562: 131-158. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.562.6124 - get paper here
  • Murphy, Robert W.;Kristin H. Berry, Taylor Edwards, Alan E. Leviton, Amy Lathrop, J. Daren Riedle 2011. The dazed and confused identity of Agassiz’s land tortoise, Gopherus agassizii (Testudines, Testudinidae) with the description of a new species, and its consequences for conservation. ZooKeys 113: 39–71; doi: 10.3897/zookeys.113.1353 - get paper here
  • Ottley, John R.; Solis, Victor M. Velazques 1989. An Extant, Indigenous Tortoise Population in Baja California Sur, Mexico, with the Description of a New Xerobates (Chelonii: Testudinidae). Great Basin Naturalist 49 (4): 496 - get paper here
  • Stejneger,L.H. 1893. Annotated list of the reptiles and batrachians collected by the Death Valley Expedition in 1891, with descriptions of new species. North American Fauna, No. 7: 159-228 (+ 14 plates + 4 maps) - get paper here
 
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