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Gopherus flavomarginatus LEGLER, 1959

IUCN Red List - Gopherus flavomarginatus - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaTestudinidae, Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles)
Common NamesE: Mexican Gopher Tortoise, Bolson tortoise
G: Mexikanische Gopherschildkröte
S: Galápago de Bolsón 
SynonymGopherus flavomarginatus LEGLER 1959
Gopherus flavomarginatus — LINER 1994
Gopherus flavomarginatus — MCCORD & JOSEPH-OUNI 2004
Gopherus flavomarginatus — TTWG 2014
Gopherus flavomarginatus — TTWG 2021 
DistributionMexico (Bolson de Mapimi, which borders on SE Chihuahua, SW Coahuila, and NE Durango)

Type locality: "30 to 40 miles north from Lerdo, Durango, Mexico".  
TypesHolotype: USNM 61253, paratype: KU 
EtymologyFrom latin flāvus meaning yellow and margō, meaning margins, in reference to the coloration yellow on the margins of their carapace. 
  • Adest, G. A.;Aguirre, G.;Morafka, D. J.;Jarchow, J. V. 1989. Bolson tortoise (Gopherus flavomarginatus) conservation: I. Life history. Vida Sylvestre Neotropical 2 (1): 7-13
  • Auffenberg, W., & Franz, R. 1978. Gopherus Rafinesque: gopher tortoises. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (211): 1-2 [species accounts in nos. 212-215] - get paper here
  • Auffenberg, W., and R. Franz. 1978. Gopherus flavomarginatus. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles 214: 1-2. - get paper here
  • Bonin, F., Devaux, B. & Dupré, A. 2006. Turtles of the World. English translation by P.C.H. Pritchard. Johns Hopkins University Press, 416 pp.
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • García-De la Peña, Cristina; Estefanía Garduño-Niño, Felipe Vaca-Paniagua, Clara Díaz-Velásquez, Cameron W. Barrows, Bruno Gomez-Gil, and Luis Manuel Valenzuela-Núñez 2019. Comparison of the Fecal Bacterial Microbiota Composition Between Wild and Captive Bolson Tortoises (Gopherus flavomarginatus). Herp. Conserv. Biology 14 (3): - get paper here
  • García-De la Peña, Cristina; Roger Iván Rodríguez-Vivas, Jorge A. Zegbe-Domínguez, Luis Manuel Valenzuela-Núñez, César A. Meza Herrera, Quetzaly Siller-Rodríguez, Verónica Ávila-Rodríguez 2019. Hematological parameters of the Bolson tortoise Gopherus flavomarginatus in Mexico Acta Herpetologica 14 (2): 123-128 - get paper here
  • Garcia-Feria, Luis M.; Cinthya A. Urena-Aranda 2018. Nonspecific coprophagy of a freeranging neonate Gopherus flavomarginatus LEGLER, 1959. Herpetozoa 30 (3/4): 209 - 211 - get paper here
  • González Trápaga, R. & Aguirre Léon, G. 2006. Gopherus flavomarginatus - the Bolson Tortoise. Reptilia (GB) (49): 22-27 - get paper here
  • González Trápaga, R. & Aguirre León, G. 2006. Gopherus flavomarginatus, die mexikanische Gopherschildkröte. Reptilia (Münster) 11 (62): 28-34 - get paper here
  • HERRERA-FLORES, JORGE A. 2022. GOPHERUS FLAVOMARGINATUS (Bolson Tortoise). MORTALITY. Herpetological Review 53 (1): 118–119.
  • Lamb, Trip;Avise, John C.;Gibbons, J. Whitfield 1989. Phylogeographic patterns in mitochondrial DNA of the desert tortoise (Xerobates agassizi), and evolutionary relationships among the North American gopher tortoises. Evolution 43 (1): 76-87 - get paper here
  • Lamb, Trip;Lydeard, Charles 1994. A molecular phylogeny of the gopher tortoises, with comments on familial relationships within the Testudinoidea. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 3 (4): 283-291 - get paper here
  • Lazcano D, Nevárez-de los Reyes M, García-Padilla E, Johnson JD, Mata-Silva V, DeSantis DL, Wilson LD. 2019. The herpetofauna of Coahuila, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13(2) [General Section]: 31–94 (e189) - get paper here
  • Legler, J.M. 1959. A new tortoise, genus Gopherus, from north-central Mexico. Univ. Kansas Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. 11: 335-343. - get paper here
  • Legler, J.M.& Vogt, R.C. 2013. The Turtles of Mexico: Land and Freshwater Forms. University of California Press, 416 pp. - get paper here
  • Legler, John M.;Webb, Robert G. 1961. Remarks on a collection of Bolson tortoises, Gopherus flavomarginatus. Herpetologica 17 (1): 26-37 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR, Gadsden-Esparza H, Valdez-Lares R, Woolrich-Piña GA 2018. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Durango, Mexico, with comparisons with adjoining states. ZooKeys 748: 65-87 - get paper here
  • McCord, W.P. & Joseph-Ouni, M. 2004. Chelonian Illustrations #14: North and South American Tortoises. Reptilia (GB) (34): 47-50 - get paper here
  • Morafka, D.J. 1982. The status and distribution of the Bolson tortoise (Gopherus flavomarginatus). U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Research Report 12: 71-94.
  • Nichols, Richard A. 1989. Mitochondrial DNA clues to gopher tortoise dispersal. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 4: 192 - get paper here
  • TTWG [Peter Paul van Dijk, John B. Iverson, Anders G.J. Rhodin, H. Bradley Shaffer, and Roger Bour] 2014. Turtles of the World, 7th Edition: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution with Maps, and Conservation Status. 000.v7. Chelonian Research Monographs (ISSN 1088-7105) No. 5, doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v7.2014 - get paper here
  • TTWG; Rhodin, A.G.J., Iverson, J.B., Bour, R., Fritz, U., Georges, A., Shaffer, H.B., and van Dijk, P.P. 2021. Turtles of the World: Annotated Checklist and Atlas of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution, and Conservation Status (9th Ed.). In: Rhodin, A.G.J., Iverson, J.B., van Dijk, P.P., Stanford, C.B., Goode, E.V., Buhlmann, K.A., and Mittermeier, R.A. (Eds.). Chelonian Research Monographs 8:1–472. doi:10.3854/crm.8.checklist.atlas.v9.2021. - get paper here
  • Ureña-Aranda, Cinthya Alejandra; de los Monteros, Alejandro Espinosa 2012. The genetic crisis of the Mexican Bolson Tortoise (Gopherus flavomarginatus: Testudinidae). Amphibia-Reptilia 33 (1): 45-53 - get paper here
  • Valdez-Lares, R.; R. Muñiz-Martínez; E.Gadsden; G. Aguirre-León; G. Castañeda-Gaytán; R. Gonzalez-Trápaga 2013. Checklist of amphibians and reptiles of the state of Durango, México. Check List 9 (4):714-724 - get paper here
  • Valenzuela, Sara Isabel; Gamaliel Castañeda 2018. Predator activity associated with Gopherus flavomarginatus burrows. Herpetology Notes 11: 387-389 - get paper here
  • Valverde, J. 2011. Die Schildkröten Mexikos. Reptilia (Münster) 16 (91): 16-23 - get paper here
  • Winchell, S. 2006. Tortoises of North America - an overview of the genus Gopherus. Reptilia (GB) (49): 9-15 - get paper here
  • Winchell, S. & Love, B. 2006. Die Landschildkröten Nordamerikas. Ein Überblick über die Gattung Gopherus. Reptilia (Münster) 11 (62): 20-27 - get paper here
  • Zylstra, E. 2007. The Bolson Tortoise (Gopherus flavomarginatus): King of the (re-) wild frontier. Sonoran Herpetologist 20 (5):50-54. - get paper here
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