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Gopherus polyphemus (DAUDIN, 1802)

IUCN Red List - Gopherus polyphemus - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaTestudinidae, Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles) 
Common NamesE: (Florida) Gopher Tortoise
G: Florida Gopherschildkröte 
SynonymTestudo polyphemus DAUDIN 1802: 256
Testudo depressa GUÉRIN-MÉNEVILLE 1829
Testudo Polyphemus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1835: 104
Testudo gopher GRAY 1844
Testudo Polyphemus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 220
Gopherus polyphemus — STEJNEGER 1893
Gopherus polyphemus polyphemus, MERTENS & WERMUTH 1955
Gopherus polyphemus — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 74
Gopherus polyphemus — CROTHER 2000
Gopherus polyphemus — MCCORD & JOSEPH-OUNI 2004
Gopherus polyphemus — TTWG 2014 
DistributionUSA (along the Atlantic Coastal Plain in S South Carolina, Georgia, S Alabama, Florida, E Louisiana, Mississippi)

Type locality: vicinity of Savannah, Georgia (restricted by K.P. SCHMIDT 1953)  
TypesSyntypes: unlocated (Iverson 1992: 261) 
CommentGopherus agassizii and G. berlandieri have been considered as subspecies of G. polyphemus previously. See map in Winchell (2006).

Type species: Testudo polyphemus DAUDIN 1802: 256 is the type species of the genus Gopherus RAFINESQUE 1832: 64. 
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  • Bogert, Charles M. (Charles Mitchill); Cowles, Raymond B. (Raymond Bridgman) 1947. Moisture loss in relation to habitat selection in some Floridian reptiles. American Museum novitates (1358) - get paper here
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  • Dziadzio, Michelina C.; Richard B. Chandler, Lora L. Smith, and Steven B. Castleberry 2016. Impacts of Red Imported Fire Ants (Solenopsis invicta) on Nestling and Hatchling Gopher Tortoises (Gopherus polyphemus) in Southwest Georgia, USA. Herp. Cons. Biol. 11 (3): - get paper here
  • Elbers, Jean P. and Sabrina S. Taylor 2019. Mycoplasma Prevalence in a Reintroduced Gopher Tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus) Population. Herp. Conserv. Biology 14 (3): - get paper here
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  • Goessling, Jeffrey M.; Katherine Rebois, James C. Godwin, Roger Birkhead, Christopher M. Murray, and Sharon M. Hermann 2017. Differences in Fluctuating Asymmetry Among Four Populations of Gopher Tortoises (Gopherus polyphemus). Herpetological Conservation and Biology 12 (2) - get paper here
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