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Gyiophis maculosa (BLANFORD, 1881)

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Higher TaxaHomalopsidae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common NamesBlanford’s Mud Snake, Blanford's Spotted Water Snake 
SynonymHypsirhina maculata BLANFORD 1879: 130 (non DUMÉRIL & BIBRON)
Hypsirhina maculosa BLANFORD 1881: 226 (subst. name for maculata)
Hypsirhina blanfordi BOULENGER 1890 (fide SMITH 1943)
Enhydris maculosa — SMITH 1943: 387
Enhydris maculosa — WALLACH et al. 2014: 272
Gyiophis maculosa — MURPHY & VORIS 2014: 21 
DistributionMyanmar (= Burma: Irrawaddy River Delta), Indonesia (Nias)

Type locality: ‘Pegu (probably in the neighbourhood of Bassein)’ (= Bago, in southern Myanmar).  
TypesNeotype: BMNH 1913.6.12.1 (designated by MURPHY 2007: 282)
Holotype: ZSI 8207 (but not located by Das et al. 1998). 
CommentDistribution: reports from China are erroneus (J. Murphy, pers. comm. 23 June 2011).

Synonymy: Boulenger 1890 was apparently unaware of the replacement name that Blanford himself had suggested in 1881 and suggested another replacement name, Hypsirhina blanfordi.

Type species: Hypsirhina maculosa BLANFORD 1881 is the type species of the genus Gyiophis MURPHY & VORIS 2014: 21. 
EtymologyThe genus has been named in honor of Ko Ko Gyi, the Burmese herpetologist who revised the homalopsids. Gender of the genus is feminine. 
  • Blanford, W. T. 1881. On a collection of reptiles and frogs chiefly from Singapore. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1881: 215-226. - get paper here
  • Blanford,W.T. 1879. Notes on Reptilia. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal xlviii: 127-132 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. 3. London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Dowling, H.G., & Jenner, J.V. 1988. Snakes of Burma: checklist of reported species and bibliography. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (76): 19 pp. - get paper here
  • Murphy, J.C. & Voris, H.K. 2014. A Checklist and Key to the Homalopsid Snakes (Reptilia, Squamata, Serpentes), with the Description of New Genera. FIELDIANA: LIFE AND EARTH SCIENCES (8): 1–43 - get paper here
  • Murphy, John C. 2007. A review of Enhydris maculosa (Blanford, 1879) and the description of a related species (Serpentes, Homalopsidae). Hamadryad 31 (2): 281-287
  • Murphy, John C. 2007. Homalopsid Snakes: Evolution in the Mud. Krieger Publishing, Malabar, Florida, 249 pp.
  • QUAH, EVAN S.H.; L. LEE GRISMER, PERRY L., JR. WOOD, MYINT KYAW THURA, THAW ZIN, HTET KYAW, NGWE LWIN, MARTA S. GRISMER, MATTHEW L. MURDOCH 2017. A new species of Mud Snake (Serpentes, Homalopsidae, Gyiophis Murphy & Voris, 2014) from Myanmar with a first molecular phylogenetic assessment of the genus. Zootaxa 4238 (4): 571–582 - get paper here
  • Sclater,W.L. 1891. Notes on a collection of snakes in the Indian Museum, with descriptions of several new species. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal LX: 230-250 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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