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Hardella thurjii (GRAY, 1831)

IUCN Red List - Hardella thurjii - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaGeoemydidae (Geoemydinae), Testudines (turtles) 
SubspeciesHardella thurjii thurjii (GRAY 1831)
Hardella thurjii indi (GRAY 1870) 
Common NamesE: Brahminy River Turtle; Crowned River Turtle
G: Diademschildkröte 
SynonymEmys thurjii GRAY 1831
Emys thuji — GRAY (ex errore) 1831
Emys thuryi — GRAY (ex errore) 1831
Emys flavonigra LESSON 1831
Emys Thurjii — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1835: 318
Kachuga oldhami GRAY 1869
Hardella indi GRAY 1870 (fide WERMUTH & MERTENS 1977)
Hardella thurgi — GRAY 1870 (ex errore)
Hardella thurjii — OBST 2003: 17
Hardella thurjii — TTWG 2014 
DistributionN India (Assam etc.), Nepal,
Bangladesh (watersheds of the Ganges, Brahmaputra, and Indus rivers),
Pakistan

Type locality: "India". Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesType: BMNH ?, but not listed by Boulenger 1889:63-66. 
CommentSubspecies: PRASCHAG et al. (2007) suggested to abandon the subspecies of H. thurji as they lack sufficient morphological and genetic differences.

Type species: Emys thurjii GRAY 1831 is the type species of the genus Hardella GRAY 1870: 58.

Distribution: possibly in Bhutan (Lenz 2012 and references therein). 
References
  • Basumatary, Rajeev and D.K. Sharma 2013. The turtle fauna of Kaziranga National Park, Assam, India with notes on natural history and conservation status. Herpetology Notes 6: 59-72 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1889. Catalogue of the Chelonians, Rhynchocephalians, and Crocodiles in the British Museum (Natural History). British Museum, London, 311 pp.
  • Das, I. et al. 2008. Tortoises and Freshwater Turtles of India. WWF/WII poster
  • Das, Indraneil 1984. Record length of the Brahminy River turtle Hardella thurjii. Hamadryad 9 (3): 18 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A.M.C., and G. Bibron. 1835. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles, Vol. 2. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris, iv + 680 p. - get paper here
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • Gray, J. E. 1831. Synopsis Reptilium or short descriptions of the species of reptiles. Part I: Cataphracta, tortoises, crocodiles, and enaliosaurians. Treuttel, Wurz & Co., London, 85 pp.
  • Gray, J.E. 1870. Supplement to the Catalogue of Shield Reptiles in the Collection of the British Museum. Part 1. Testudinata (Tortoises). Taylor and Francis, London. 120 p., 40 figs.
  • Kästle , W., Rai, K. & Schleich, H.H. 2013. FIELD GUIDE to Amphibians and Reptiles of Nepal. ARCO-Nepal e.V., 625 pp. - get paper here
  • Khan, M.S. 2006. Amphibians and reptiles of Pakistan. Krieger, Malabar, 311 pp. - get paper here
  • Lenz, Norbert 2012. Von Schmetterlingen und Donnerdrachen - Natur und Kultur in Bhutan. Karlsruher Naturhefte 4, Naturkundemuseum Karlsruhe, 124 pp.
  • Ludwig, Maxim; Auer, Markus; Fritz, Uwe 2007. Phalangeal formulae of geoemydid terrapins (Batagur, Callagur, Hardella, Heosemys, Kachuga, Orlitia, Pangshura, Rhinoclemmys) reflect distinct modes of life. Amphibia-Reptilia 28 (4): 574-576 - get paper here
  • McCord, W.P. & Joseph-Ouni, M. 2003. Chelonian Illustrations #10. Monotypic genera of the family Geoemydidae. Reptilia (GB) (30): 34-38 - get paper here
  • Minton, Sherman A., Jr;Anderson, Jerome A. 1962. A record of the turtle, Hardella thurji from Salt water. Herpetologica 12: 126 - get paper here
  • Obst, F.J. 2003. Sumpfschildkröten. Draco 4 (13): 4-18 - get paper here
  • Praschag, P.; Hundsdörfer, A.K. & Fritz, U. 2007. Phylogeny and taxonomy of endangered South and South-east Asian freshwater turtles elucidated by mtDNA sequence variation (Testudines: Geoemydidae: Batagur, Callagur, Hardella, Kachuga, Pangshura). Zoologica Scripta 36 (5): 429–442 - get paper here
  • Purkayastha, Jayaditya; Ahmed Mahmadul Hassan, Hasanul Islam, Jessica Das, Manoj Sarma, Mituseela Basumatary, Nilakshi Sarma, Nishant Chatterjee, Sachin Singha, Vishnupriya Nair, Arundhati Purkayastha, Jayashree Dutta, Madhurima Das 2013. Turtles of the Temple Pond of Kamakhya, Assam, India. Reptile Rap (15): 11-15 - get paper here
  • TTWG [Peter Paul van Dijk, John B. Iverson, Anders G.J. Rhodin, H. Bradley Shaffer, and Roger Bour] 2014. Turtles of the World, 7th Edition: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution with Maps, and Conservation Status. 000.v7. Chelonian Research Monographs (ISSN 1088-7105) No. 5, doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v7.2014 - get paper here
 
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