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Hardella thurjii (GRAY, 1831)

IUCN Red List - Hardella thurjii - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaGeoemydidae (Geoemydinae), Testudines (turtles) 
SubspeciesHardella thurjii thurjii (GRAY 1831)
Hardella thurjii indi (GRAY 1870) 
Common NamesE: Brahminy River Turtle; Crowned River Turtle
G: Diademschildkröte 
SynonymEmys thurjii GRAY 1831
Emys thuji — GRAY (ex errore) 1831
Emys thuryi — GRAY (ex errore) 1831
Emys flavonigra LESSON 1831
Emys Thurjii — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1835: 318
Kachuga oldhami GRAY 1869
Hardella indi GRAY 1870 (fide WERMUTH & MERTENS 1977)
Hardella thurgi — GRAY 1870 (ex errore)
Hardella thurjii — OBST 2003: 17
Hardella thurjii — TTWG 2014 
DistributionN India (Assam etc.), Nepal,
Bangladesh (watersheds of the Ganges, Brahmaputra, and Indus rivers),

Type locality: "India". Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesType: BMNH ?, but not listed by Boulenger 1889:63-66. 
CommentSubspecies: PRASCHAG et al. (2007) suggested to abandon the subspecies of H. thurji as they lack sufficient morphological and genetic differences.

Reproduction: oviparous.

Type species: Emys thurjii GRAY 1831 is the type species of the genus Hardella GRAY 1870: 58.

Distribution: possibly in Bhutan (Lenz 2012 and references therein). 
  • Basumatary, Rajeev and D.K. Sharma 2013. The turtle fauna of Kaziranga National Park, Assam, India with notes on natural history and conservation status. Herpetology Notes 6: 59-72 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1889. Catalogue of the Chelonians, Rhynchocephalians, and Crocodiles in the British Museum (Natural History). British Museum, London, 311 pp.
  • Das, I. et al. 2008. Tortoises and Freshwater Turtles of India. WWF/WII poster
  • Das, Indraneil 1984. Record length of the Brahminy River turtle Hardella thurjii. Hamadryad 9 (3): 18 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A.M.C., and G. Bibron. 1835. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles, Vol. 2. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris, iv + 680 p. - get paper here
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • Gray, J. E. 1831. Synopsis Reptilium or short descriptions of the species of reptiles. Part I: Cataphracta, tortoises, crocodiles, and enaliosaurians. Treuttel, Wurz & Co., London, 85 pp.
  • Gray, J.E. 1870. Supplement to the Catalogue of Shield Reptiles in the Collection of the British Museum. Part 1. Testudinata (Tortoises). Taylor and Francis, London. 120 p., 40 figs.
  • Kästle , W., Rai, K. & Schleich, H.H. 2013. FIELD GUIDE to Amphibians and Reptiles of Nepal. ARCO-Nepal e.V., 625 pp. - get paper here
  • Khan, M.S. 2006. Amphibians and reptiles of Pakistan. Krieger, Malabar, 311 pp. - get paper here
  • Lenz, Norbert 2012. Von Schmetterlingen und Donnerdrachen - Natur und Kultur in Bhutan. Karlsruher Naturhefte 4, Naturkundemuseum Karlsruhe, 124 pp.
  • Ludwig, Maxim; Auer, Markus; Fritz, Uwe 2007. Phalangeal formulae of geoemydid terrapins (Batagur, Callagur, Hardella, Heosemys, Kachuga, Orlitia, Pangshura, Rhinoclemmys) reflect distinct modes of life. Amphibia-Reptilia 28 (4): 574-576 - get paper here
  • McCord, W.P. & Joseph-Ouni, M. 2003. Chelonian Illustrations #10. Monotypic genera of the family Geoemydidae. Reptilia (GB) (30): 34-38 - get paper here
  • Minton, Sherman A., Jr;Anderson, Jerome A. 1962. A record of the turtle, Hardella thurji from Salt water. Herpetologica 12: 126 - get paper here
  • Obst, F.J. 2003. Sumpfschildkröten. Draco 4 (13): 4-18 - get paper here
  • Praschag, P.; Hundsdörfer, A.K. & Fritz, U. 2007. Phylogeny and taxonomy of endangered South and South-east Asian freshwater turtles elucidated by mtDNA sequence variation (Testudines: Geoemydidae: Batagur, Callagur, Hardella, Kachuga, Pangshura). Zoologica Scripta 36 (5): 429–442 - get paper here
  • Purkayastha, Jayaditya; Ahmed Mahmadul Hassan, Hasanul Islam, Jessica Das, Manoj Sarma, Mituseela Ba 2013. Turtles of the Temple Pond of Kamakhya, Assam, India. Reptile Rap (15): 11-15 - get paper here
  • TTWG [Peter Paul van Dijk, John B. Iverson, Anders G.J. Rhodin, H. Bradley Shaffer, and Roger Bour] 2014. Turtles of the World, 7th Edition: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution with Maps, and Conservation Status. 000.v7. Chelonian Research Monographs (ISSN 1088-7105) No. 5, doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v7.2014 - get paper here
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