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Hebius concelarus (MALNATE, 1963)

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Natricinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common Names 
SynonymAmphiesma pryeri concelara MALNATE 1963
Amphiesma pryeri concelarum MALNATE 1963
Natrix pryeri — MAKI 1931
Amphiesma pryeri — MALNATE 1960: 52 (part.)
Amphiesma pryeri concelarum — MALNATE 1963: 2
Amphiesma concelarum — OTA and IWANAGA 1997
Hebius concelarum — GUO et al. 2014
Amphiesma concelarum — WALLACH et al. 2014: 29
Hebius concelarus — KAITO et al. 2016 
DistributionJapan (Ryukyu Islands)

Type locality: “Miyako-shima” (Miyakojima), Miyako Group, Riukiu (Ryukyu) Islands.  
TypesHolotype: CAS 21905; adult female; paratype CAS, malee 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A form of Amphiesma pryeri distinguished by a reduced number of ventrals (159-165); latero-ventral black spots strongly developed; narrow, black-edged, light vertical bar antriorly on the sides of the body; head dark, the light supralabials heavily marbled with dark gray or black. (Malnate 1963) 
CommentRaised to species status by Ota & Iwanaga 1997.

This species is classified as “vulnerable” in Japan (Ota 2000). 
  • GUO, PENG; FEI ZHU, QIN LIU, LIANG ZHANG, JIAN X. LI, YU Y. HUANG & R. ALEXANDER PYRON 2014. A taxonomic revision of the Asian keelback snakes, genus Amphiesma (Serpentes: Colubridae: Natricinae), with description of a new species. Zootaxa 3873 (4): 425–440 - get paper here
  • Kaito, Takuma; and Mamoru Toda 2016. The biogeographical history of Asian keelback snakes of the genus Hebius (Squamata: Colubridae: Natricinae) in the Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, DOI: 10.1111/bij.12726 - get paper here
  • Malnate, E. V. 1963. A new race of Amphiesma pryeri (Serpentes: Natricinae) from the southern Riukiu Island of Miyako-Shima. Notulae Naturae 360: 1-6
  • Ota, H. 2000. Current status of the threatened amphibians and reptiles of Japan. Popul. Ecol. 42: 5-9 - get paper here
  • Ota, HIDETOSHI & SETSUKO IWANAGA 1997. A systematic review of the snakes allied to Amphiesma pryeri (Boulenger) (Squamata: Colubridae) in the Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 121 (3): 339-360 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Ziegler, T., and Quyet, L.K. 2006. A new natricine snake of the genus Amphiesma (Squamata: Colubridae: Natricinae) from the central Truong Son, Vietnam. Zootaxa 1225: 39-56 - get paper here
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