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Hebius sauteri (BOULENGER, 1909)

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Natricinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Kosempo Keelback
Chinese: 棕黑腹链蛇 
SynonymTropidonotus sauteri BOULENGER 1909: 495
Natrix copei VAN DENBURGH 1909: 52
Natrix sauteri — MELL 1931 [1929]
Natrix sauteri — SMITH 1943: 287
Amphiesma sauteri — MALNATE 1960
Amphiesma sauteri sauteri MALNATE 1962: 265
Amphiesma sauteri bourreti MALNATE 1962
Amphiesma sauteri — DAVID et al. 2007
Hebius sauteri — GUO et al. 2014
Amphiesma sauteri — WALLACH et al. 2014: 33
Hebius sauteri — DAVID et al. 2021
Hebius maximus — LI et al. 2022 
S China (Jiangxi, Guangxi, Guangdong, Fujian, Sichuan, Yunnan, Hubei, Hunan), elevation 1200 m.
N Vietnam

Type locality: Kosempo, Formosa.  
TypesHolotype: CAS 18004 
CommentDistribution: not in Hong Kong fide Francis 2021.

Synonymy: Li et al. 2022, revalidated maximus to full species level. They also failed to accurately distinguish H. s. bourreti from H. s. sauteri and thus suggested that H. s. bourreti is likely to be a synonym of H. s. sauteri. 
EtymologyNamed after Dr. Hans Sauter (1871-1943), entomologist who developed an interest in herpetology. He studied biology at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München and Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger,G.A. 1909. Descriptions of four new frogs and a new snake discovered by Mr. H. Sauter in Formosa. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (8) 4: 492-495 - get paper here
  • Chang Cheng-Hsiung 1981. T'ai-wan ti she lei [Snakes of Taiwan]. pub. privately, T'ai-pei 249 pp [reprint, undated, Flora & Fauna Books, Gainesville & Fayetteville]
  • DAI Zong-xin, WANG Mei-fang, LI Bing, LIU Jia-wu, WU Fa-qing, LIU Xu-sheng 2008. A new record of reptile in Hubei Province - Amphiesma sauteri. Sichuan Journal of Zoology 27 (1): 20 - get paper here
  • David, P., Bain, R. H., Nguyen Quang Truong, Orlov, N. L., Vogel, G., Vu Ngoc Thanh & T. Ziegler 2007. A new species of the natricine snake genus Amphiesma from the Indochinese Region (Squamata: Colubridae: Natricinae). Zootaxa 1462: 41-60 - get paper here
  • DAVID, PATRICK; GERNOT VOGEL, TRUONG QUANG NGUYEN, NIKOLAI L. ORLOV, OLIVIER S. G. PAUWELS, ALEXANDRE TEYNIÉ, THOMAS ZIEGLER 2021. A revision of the dark-bellied, stream-dwelling snakes of the genus Hebius (Reptilia: Squamata: Natricidae) with the description of a new species from China, Vietnam and Thailand. Zootaxa 4911: 1–61 - get paper here
  • GAO, ZHIWEI; TIANYU QIAN, JIANPING JIANG, DEJIA HOU, XUEJIAN DENG & DAODE YANG. 2022. Species diversity and distribution of amphibians and reptiles in Hunan Province, China. Biodiversity Science 30 (2): 21290, 1–15 - get paper here
  • GUO, PENG; FEI ZHU, QIN LIU, LIANG ZHANG, JIAN X. LI, YU Y. HUANG & R. ALEXANDER PYRON 2014. A taxonomic revision of the Asian keelback snakes, genus Amphiesma (Serpentes: Colubridae: Natricinae), with description of a new species. Zootaxa 3873 (4): 425–440 - get paper here
  • Li, M.L., Ren, J.L., Huang, J.J., Lyu, Z.T., Qi, S., Jiang, K., Wang, Y.Y. and Li, J.T., 2022. On the validity of Hebius sauteri maximus (Squamata, Natricidae), with redescription of H. maximus comb. nov. and H. sauteri from China. ARPHA Preprints, 3, p.e94937 - get paper here
  • Malnate, E.V. 1962. The relationships of five species of the Asiatic natricine snake genus Amphiesma. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 114, 251–299. - get paper here
  • Malnate, Edmond V. 1960. Systematic division and evolution of the colubrid snake genus Natrix, with comments on the subfamily Natricinae. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 112 (3): 41-71. - get paper here
  • Mell,R. 1931. List of Chinese snakes. Lingnan Sci. Jour., Canton, 8 [1929]: 199-219.
  • Nguyen, S.V., Ho, C.T. and Nguyen, T.Q. 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Stejneger, L. 1910. The batrachians and reptiles of Formosa. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 38: 91-114 - get paper here
  • Van DENBURGH, JOHN 1909. New and previously unrecorded species of reptiles and amphibians from the island of Formosa. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (4) 3 (3): 49-56. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wang K, Lyu ZT, Wang J, Qi S, Che J 2022. Updated Checklist and Zoogeographic Division of the Reptilian Fauna of Yunnan Province, China. Biodiversity Science 30 (4): 21326, 1–31 - get paper here
  • Wang, C. G. M. Z. X., Jia, S. Y. K. T. L., & Hu, C. Z. J. 2022. An updated species checklist of amphibians and reptiles in Fujian Province, China. Biodiversity Science, 22090 - get paper here
  • Wang, Kai; Jinlong Ren, Hongman Chen, Zhitong Lyu, Xianguang Guo Ke Jiang, Jinmin Chen, Jiatang Li, Peng Guo, Yingyong Wang, Jing Che 2020. The updated checklists of amphibians and reptiles of China. Biodiversity Science 28 (2): 189-218 - get paper here
  • Zhao, E.M. 2006. The snakes of China [in Chinese]. Hefei, China, Anhui Sience & Technology Publ. House, Vol. I, 372 pp., Vol. II (color plates), 280 pp.
  • Ziegler, T., and Quyet, L.K. 2006. A new natricine snake of the genus Amphiesma (Squamata: Colubridae: Natricinae) from the central Truong Son, Vietnam. Zootaxa 1225: 39-56 - get paper here
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