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Helicops infrataeniatus JAN, 1865

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common Names 
SynonymHelicops infrataeniatus JAN 1865: 253
Helicops carinicaudus var. gastrosticta JAN 1865
Helicops trivittatus COPE 1878: 92
Calopisma septemvittatum FISCHER 1879: 84 (fide ROSSMAN 2000)
Helicops baliogaster COPE 1885: 193
Limnophis septemvittatus — COPE 1885: 177
Helicops septemvittatus — BOULENGER 1893: 275
Helicops pictiventris WERNER 1897
Helicops carinicauda var. infrataeniata GRIFFIN 1916
Helicops carinicaudus infrataeniatus - PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970
Helicops infrataeniatus - HOFSTADLER DEIQUS & ZANINI CECHIN 1991
Helicops infrataeniatus - CEI 1993
Helicops infrataeniatus — GIRAUDO & SCROCCHI 2002
Helicops infrataeniatus — KAWASHITA-RIBEIRO et al. 2013
Helicops infrataeniatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 322 
DistributionS Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina), Uruguay,
Argentina (Buenos Aires, Santa Fe, Entre Rios, Corrientes, Chaco, Formosa, Misiones), Paraguay (fide Paul Smith, pers. comm., 27 Apr 2014)

Type locality: Surinam Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
Reproductionviviparous (Braz et al. 2016) 
TypesLectotype: ZMH - R04331 (formerly no. B88 da); The other syntype from Brazil is deposited in Essex Inst. Salem according to JAN (1865) (Helicops intrataeniata)
Types: ZMH R04340-4 (5 specimens) type locality "Mexico" in error. The type specimens of Calopisma septemvittata are a species inquirenda (Smith & Taylor , 1945), and cannot allied to any know species in the Mexican herpetofauna (Flores-Villela 1993 [Calopisma septemvittata]
Syntypes: (2) ANSP 11206-07; Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul. [baliogaster]
Holotype: ZSM 198/0 (lost), adult, “Brasilien (Porto Alegre)” [pictiventris] 
CommentSynonymy after CEI 1993 and ROSSMAN 2000. Helicops baliogaster COPE 1885 is listed as a synonym of Helicops carinicaudas by BOULENGER 1886. 
  • Bérnils, R.S.; Batista, M.A. & Bertelli, P.W. 2001. Cobras e lagartos do Vale: levantamento das espécies de Squamata (Reptilia, Lepidosauria) da Bacia do Rio Itajai, Santa Catarina, Brasil. Rev. Est. Ambientais (Blumenau) 3 (1): 69-79
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1886. A synopsis of the reptiles and batrachians of the province Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 18: 423-445 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Braz, Henrique B.; Rodrigo R. Scartozzoni, Selma M. Almeida-Santos 2016. Reproductive modes of the South American water snakes: A study system for the evolution of viviparity in squamate reptiles Zoologischer Anzeiger 263: 33-44; doi:10.1016/j.jcz.2016.04.003 - get paper here
  • Cacciali, Pier; Norman J. Scott, Aida Luz Aquino Ortíz, Lee A. Fitzgerald, and Paul Smith 2016. The Reptiles of Paraguay: Literature, Distribution, and an Annotated Taxonomic Checklist SPECIAL PUBLICATION OF THE MUSEUM OF SOUTHWESTERN BIOLOGY, NUMBER 11: 1–373 - get paper here
  • Carreira Vidal, Santiago 2002. Alimentación de los ofidios de Uruguay. Asoc. Herp. Esp., Monograf. Herp. 6, 127 pp. - get paper here
  • Carreira, S.; Brazeiro, A.; Camargo, A.; da Rosa, I.; Canavero, A. & Maneyro, M. 2012. DIVERSITY OF REPTILES OF URUGUAY: KNOWLEDGE AND INFORMATION GAPS. Bol. Soc. Zool. Uruguay (2a época) 21 (1-2): 9-29 - get paper here
  • Cei, J. M. 1993. Reptiles del noroeste, nordeste y este de la Argentina. Museo Regionale Sci. Naturale Torino, Monografie 14: 1-949
  • Cope, E.D. 1878. Tenth contribution to the herpetology of Tropical America. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 17: 85-98 [1877] - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1885. Twelfth contribution to the herpetology of tropical America. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 22: 167-194 [1884] - get paper here
  • Costa, Henrique C.; Diego J. Santana, Fernando Leal, Ricardo Koroiva, and Paulo C.A. Garcia 2016. A New Species of Helicops (Serpentes: Dipsadidae: Hydropsini) from Southeastern Brazil. Herpetologica Jun 2016, Vol. 72, No. 2: 157-166
  • de Aguiar, Luís Felipe Schmidt; Di-Bernardo, Marcos 2005. Reproduction of the water snake Helicops infrataeniatus (Colubridae) in southern Brazil. Amphibia-Reptilia 26 (4): 527-533 - get paper here
  • Deiques,C.H. & CECHIN,S.T.Z. 1991. O status de Helicops carinicaudus (WIed 1825) (Serpentes: Colubridae). Acta biol. leopoldensia 12 (2): 313-326
  • Fischer, J. G. 1879. Neue oder wenig bekannte Reptilien. Verh. naturwiss. Ver. Hamburg N.F. III: 78-103 - get paper here
  • Giraudo, A. R., and G. J. Scrocchi 2002. Argentinian Snakes: An Annotated Checklist. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (132): 1-53 - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1865. Enumerazione sistematica degli ofidi appartenenti ai gruppo Potamophilidae. Archive per la Zoologia, l’Anatomia et la Fisiologia 3 (2): 201-265 - get paper here
  • Kawashita-Ribeiro, Ricardo Alexandre; Robson Waldemar Ávila, and Drausio Honorio Morais 2013. A New Snake of the Genus Helicops Wagler, 1830 (Dipsadidae, Xenodontinae) from Brazil. Herpetologica 69 (1): 80-90. - get paper here
  • Landgref-Filho, Paulo and Camila Aoki. 2011. Geographic Distribution: Helicops infrataeniatus (water snake). Herpetological Review 42 (3): 394 - get paper here
  • Rossman, D. A. 2000. Identity of the snake Calopisma septemvittatum FISCHER, 1879, and redescription of the lectotype of Helicops infrataeniatus JAN, 1865. Mitt. hamb. zool. Mus. Inst., 97: 123-129
  • Santos-Costa, Maria Cristina dos & Clarice Hofstadler-Deiques 2002. The ethmoidal region and cranial adaptations of the neotropical aquatic snake Helicops infrataeniatus Jan, 1865 (Serpentes, Colubridae). Amphibia-Reptilia 23 (1): 83-91 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Werner, F. 1897. Ueber einige neue oder seltene Reptilien und Frösche der zoologischen Sammlung des Staates in München. Sitz. ber. Akad. Wiss. München 27: 203-220
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