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Heliobolus nitidus (GÜNTHER, 1872)

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Eremiadinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesHeliobolus nitidus garambensis (SCHMIDT 1919)
Heliobolus nitidus nitidus (GÜNTHER 1872)
Heliobolus nitidus quadrinasalis (CHABANAUD 1918) 
Common NamesE: Glittering sand lizard 
SynonymEremias nitida GÜNTHER 1872: 381
Eremias nigerica KLAPTOCZ 1913 (valid fide GEMEL et al. 2019)
Eremias nitida — STERNFELD 1917
Eremias nitida — PAPENFUSS 1969: 296
Lampreremias nitida nitida — SZCZERBAK 1989
Heliobolus nitida — RÖDEL et al. 1997
Heliobolus nitidus — CHIRIO & INEICH 2006
Heliobolus nitidus — TRAPE, CHIRIO & TRAPE 2012
Heliobolus nitidus — SPAWLS et al 2018: 198
Heliobolus nitidus nigericus — GEMEL et al. 2019
Heliobolis nitidus — SPAWLS et al. 2023 (in error)

Heliobolus nitidus garambensis (SCHMIDT 1919)
Eremias nitida garambensis SCHMIDT 1919: 511
Eremias nitida garambensis — WITTE 1933
Heliobolus nitida garambensis — ARNOLD 1989
Lampreremias nitida garambensis — SZCZERBAK 1989
Heliobolus nitidus garambensis — CHIRIO & LEBRETON 2007
Heliobolus nitidus garambensis — CONRADIE et al. 2019

Heliobolus nitidus quadrinasalis (CHABANAUD, 1918)
Eremias quadrinasalis CHABANAUD 1918: 108
Eremias (Lampreremias) nitida quadrinasalis — WITTE & LAURENT 1942: 176
Heliobolus nitidus quadrinasalis — BISCHOFF 1991 
DistributionN Nigeria, Togo, Benin, N Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Central African Republic, Chad, Ivory Coast, Guinea (Conakry), Cameroon (garambensis; fide Monard 1951), Benin, Burkina Faso, Niger, W Uganda, Republic of South Sudan (RSS), Sudan (Jumhūriyyat)

Type locality: western Africa

garambensis: Zaire, Central African Republic, Cameroon; Type locality: Garamba [Uelle Region], Zaire.

quadrinasalis: Chad; Type locality: [mission Chevalier-Decorse ao Chari-Tchad. “Fort Arschambo, Chad” fide SZCZERBAK 1989;  
TypesHolotype: unlocated
Holotype: MNHN-RA 1904.0161, paratypes: RMAC [quadrinasalis]
Holotype: AMNH 10686, Paratype: PEM R13994 (formerly AMNH 10692 and later AMG 4314); RMAC 3243 (formerly AMNH R10704) [garambensis] 
CommentType species: Eremias nitida GÜNTHER 1872 is the type species of the genus Lampreremias BOULENGER 1918 
  • Arnold, E. N. 1989. Towards a phylogeny and biogeography of the Lacertidae: relationships within an Old-World family of lizards derived from morphology. Bulletin of the British Museum (NATURAL HISTORY) ZOOLOGY 55 (2): 209-257 - get paper here
  • Böhme, Wolfgang, Mark-Oliver Rödel, Christian Brede & Philipp Wagner 2011. The reptiles (Testudines, Squamata, Crocodylia) of the forested southeast of the Republic Guinea (Guinée forestière), with a country-wide checklist. Bonn zoological Bulletin 60 (1): 35-61 - get paper here
  • Chabanaud,P. 1918. Étude complémentaire de deux Agama de l'Afrique occidentale et description de quatre espèces nouvelles de reptiles de la même région. Bull. Mus. nation. Hist. nat. Paris 24: 104-112 - get paper here
  • Chirio, L. 2009. Inventaire des reptiles de la région de la Réserve de Biosphère Transfrontalière du W (Niger/Bénin/Burkina Faso: Afrique de l’Ouest). [Herpetological survey of the W Transfrontier Biosphere Reserve area (Niger/Benin/Burkina Faso: West Africa]. Bull. Soc. Herp. France (132): 13-41 - get paper here
  • Chirio, L. & Lebreton, M. 2007. Atlas des reptiles du Cameroun. MNHN, IRD, Paris 688 pp.
  • Chirio, Laurent and Ivan Ineich 2006. Biogeography of the reptiles of the Central African Republic. African Journal of Herpetology 55(1):23-59. - get paper here
  • CONRADIE, WERNER; WILLIAM R. BRANCH, & GILLIAN WATSON 2019. Type specimens in the Port Elizabeth Museum, South Africa, including the historically important Albany Museum collection. Part 2: Reptiles (Squamata). Zootaxa 4576 (1): 001–045 - get paper here
  • Gemel, R.; G. Gassner & S. Schweiger 2019. Katalog der Typen der Herpetologischen Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums Wien – 2018. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 121: 33–248
  • Günther, A. 1872. Description of three new species of Eremias. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 9: 381-382 - get paper here
  • Monard, A. 1951. Résultants de la mission zoologique suisse au Cameroun. Reptiles. Mém. IFAN, Dakkar, ser. sci. nat. 1: 123- 170.
  • Papenfuss, T. J. 1969. Preliminary analysis of the reptiles of arid central West Africa. Wasmann Journal of Biology 27:249—325 - get paper here
  • Rödel,M. O., Grabow,K., Hallermann,J. & Böckheler,C. 1997. Die Echsen des Comoé-Nationalparks, Elfenbeinküste. Salamandra 33 (4): 225-240 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, Karl Patterson 1919. Contributions to the Herpetology of the Belgian Congo based on the Collection of the American Congo Expedition, 1909-1915. Part I: turtles, crocodiles, lizards, and chamaeleons. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 39 (2): 385-624 - get paper here
  • Segniagbeto, G.H.; Dekawole, J.K.; Ketoh, G.K.; Dendi, D.; Luiselli, L. 2022. Herpetofaunal Diversity in a Dahomey Gap Savannah of Togo (West Africa): Effects of Seasons on the Populations of Amphibians and Reptiles. Diversity 14: 964
  • Segniagbeto, Gabriel Hoinsoude; Jean-François Trape, Komlan M. Afiademanyo, Mark-Oliver Rödel, Annemarie Ohler, Alain Dubois, Patrick David, Danny Meirte, Isabelle Adolé Glitho, Fabio Petrozzi, and Luca Luiselli 2015. Checklist of the lizards of Togo (West Africa), with comments on systematics, distribution, ecology, and conservation. Zoosystema 37 (2): 381-402 - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
  • Trape, J.F.; Trape, S. & Chirio, L. 2012. Lézards, crocodiles et tortues d'Afrique occidentale et du Sahara. IRD Orstom, 503 pp. - get paper here
  • Witte, G. F. de 1933. Reptiles récoltés au Conge Belge par le Dr. H. Schouteden et par M. G.-F. Witte. Ann. Mus. Conge belge Zool. Ser. 1 Tome III: 53-100.
  • WITTE, G.-F. DE & R.F. LAURENT 1942. Liste des Lacertidae du Congo Belge et description d’une espèce nouvelle. Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines, Bruxelles, 36 (2): 165-180 - get paper here
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