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Hellenolacerta graeca (BEDRIAGA, 1886)

IUCN Red List - Hellenolacerta graeca - Near Threatened, NT

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Lacertinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Greek Rock Lizard
G: Griechische Spitzkopfeidechse 
SynonymLacerta graeca BEDRIAGA 1886: 290
Lacerta graeca — WERNER 1904: 256
Lacerta graeca — MEHELY 1909: 463
Lacerta danfordii var. graeca — BOULENGER 1920: 314
Lacerta graeca — MERTENS & MÜLLER 1940
Lacerta graeca — BÖHME 1984: 255
Lacerta graeca — ENGELMANN et al. 1993
Podarcis graeca — MAYER (pers. comm.)
Lacerta graeca — PLESSAS 2002
Hellenolacerta graeca — ARNOLD et al. 2007
Hellenolacerta graeca — TRAPP 2007
Lacerta (Hellenolacerta) graeca — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Hellenolacerta graeca — SPEYBROECK et al. 2020 
DistributionGreece (Peloponnese)

Type locality: Taygetos mountains near Kalamata  
TypesType: BMNH 1940.9.3.46 (and possibly additional specimens). 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus): Lizards possessing the following features found only in a minority of other Lacertini: often 27 presacral vertebrae in males, median loop of clavicle always interrupted posteriorly, medial longitudinal scale rows under the tail often a little more laterally expanded than adjoining ones, frequently some sexual dimorphism in dorsal colouring; hemipenis often with traces of an armature. Other more widely distributed features include: head and body markedly depressed but supraocular osteoderms usually complete in adults, nine pre-maxillary teeth in adults, inscriptional ribs usually absent, tail often brightly coloured in juveniles, hemipenial microornamentation of hook-shaped spines (from Arnold et al. 2007: 43). 
CommentType Species: Lacerta graeca Bedriaga, 1886 is the type species of the genus Hellenolacerta ARNOLD et al. 2007. 
EtymologyNamed after the occurrence of the species in Greece. 
  • Andrea Villa, Massimo Delfino 2019. A comparative atlas of the skull osteology of European lizards (Reptilia: Squamata). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 187 (3): 829–928 - get paper here
  • Arnold, E.N.; Arribas, O. & Carranza, S. 2007. Systematics of the Palaearctic and Oriental lizard tribe Lacertini (Squamata: Lacertidae: Lacertinae), with descriptions of eight new genera. Zootaxa 1430: 1-86 - get paper here
  • Bauer, Luc 2005. Eb week op de Peloponnesus. Lacerta 63 (3): 92-107 - get paper here
  • Bedriaga, J. von 1886. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Lacertiden-Familie (Lacerta, Algiroides, Tropidosaura, Zerzumia, Bettaia). Abh. senckenb. naturf. Ges. (Frankfurt) 14: 17-444 - get paper here
  • Bischoff, W. & Bischoff, U. 1980. Einige Bemerkungen zur Herpetofauna des Peloponnes. Herpetofauna 2 (4): 17-22 - get paper here
  • Böhme,W. 1984. Lacerta graeca - Taygetos - Eidechse. In: Böhme,W. (ed.), Handbuch der Reptilien und Amphibien Europas, Band 2/I., Echsen II (Lacerta). Aula-Verlag Wiesbaden, pp. 255-264
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1910. Remarks on Prof. L. von Mehely's recent Contribution to the Knowledge of the Lizards allied to Lacerta muralis. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (8) 5: 247-256 - get paper here
  • Boulenger,G.A. 1920. Monograph of the Lacertidae, vol. 1. British Museum (London) - get paper here
  • BRINGSOE, H. 2016. Erweiterung des Verbreitungsgebietes von Hellenolacerta graeca auf der westlichen Peloponnes, Griechenland, sowie Bemerkungen zu Emys orbicularis in einem schwefelhaltigen Lebensraum. Die Eidechse 27 (2): 53-59. - get paper here
  • Engelmann, W.E. et al. 1993. Lurche und Kriechtiere Europas. Neumann Verlag (Radebeul, Germany), 440 pp.
  • Gavriilidi, Ioanna-Aikaterini; Rachel Schwarz, Panayiotis Pafilis 2017. Hellenolacerta graeca (BEDRIAGA, 1886), from xeric habitats in the south Peloponnese: ecological implications. Herpetozoa 29 (3/4): 202 - 204 - get paper here
  • Kwet, A. 2010. Reptilien und Amphibien Europas. Kosmos-Verlag, Stuttgart, 252 pp.
  • Kwet, Axel & Benny Trapp 2014. Liste der Reptilien Europas. Draco 15 (60): 72-79 - get paper here
  • Méhely, Lajos von 1909. Materialien zu einer Systematik und Phylogenie der muralis-ähnlichen Lacerten. Annales historico-naturales Musei nationalis Hungarici, Budapest, 7 (2): 409-621 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R., and L. Müller. 1940. Liste der Amphibien und Reptilien Europas. Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft. Frankfurt am Main. 451: 1-62 - get paper here
  • Meyer, A. 1985. Die Reptilienfauna des südlichen Peleponnes. Sauria 7 (1): 13-16 - get paper here
  • Plessas, A. 2002. Herp hound experience in Greece. Reptilia (GB) (21): 8-10 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Speybroeck, Jeroen; Wouter Beukema, Christophe Dufresnes, Uwe Fritz, Daniel Jablonski, Petros Lymberakis, Iñigo Martínez-Solano, Edoardo Razzetti, Melita Vamberger, Miguel Vences, Judit Vörös0, Pierre-André Crochet 2020. Species list of the European herpetofauna – 2020 update by the Taxonomic Committee of the Societas Europaea Herpetologica.. Amphibia-Reptilia 41: 139-189 - get paper here
  • Trapp, B. 2005. Das Haus in Kotronas. Reptilia (Münster) 10 (53): 40-45 - get paper here
  • Trapp, B. 2005. Die Eidechsen Griechenlands. Draco 5 (21): 38-41 - get paper here
  • Trapp, B. 2007. Reptilien und Amphibien des griechischen Festlandes. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 300 pp. - get paper here
  • Werner, F. 1904. Zur Kenntnis der Lacerta danfordi GTHR. und der oxycephalen Eidechsen ueberhaupt. Zool. Anz. 27: 254-259 - get paper here
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