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Hemicordylus nebulosus (MOUTON & VAN WYK, 1995)

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Higher TaxaCordylidae (Cordylinae), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesDwarf Cliff Lizard, Dwarf Crag Lizard, cloudy or dark crag lizard 
SynonymPseudocordylus nebulosus MOUTON & VAN WYK 1995
Cordylus nebulosus — FROST et al. 2001
Pseudocordylus nebulosus — RENSBURG et al. 2009
Hemicordylus nebulosus — STANLEY et al. 2011 
DistributionRepublic of South Africa (Western Cape Province)

Type locality: Northern slope of Landdroskop, Hottentots-Holland Mountains, South Africa.  
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesHolotype: SAM 50905, adult male. Allotype: SAM 50906, adult female. Paratypes: SAM 50907, adult male; SAM 50908, adult female. All specimens collected on 10 June 1993. 
Diagnosis 
CommentNomenclature: This name is preoccupied in Cordylus by C. nebulosus A. Smith 1838, a synonym of C. cataphractus, but as the latter appears to be the sister species of all other Cordylus (Frost et. al. 2001), it required to be placed in a new monotypic genus, so that a new name will not be required (Mouton, pers. comm., STANLEY et al. 2011).

Ovoviviparous.

Abundance: only known from the type locality (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyThe designated name, Pseudocordylus nebulosus, which literally mcans the cloudy or dark crag lizard, refers to its occurrence within the mist belt of the Hotten- totsholland Mountains, as well as its melanistic body colour. 
References
  • Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
  • Frost, D.; Janies, D.; Le Fras N. Mouton, P. & Titus, T. 2003. A molecular perspective on the phylogeny of the Girdled Lizards (Cordylidae, Squamata). American Museum Novitates (3310): 1-10 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Mouton, P. Le F.N. & J.H. Van Wyk 1995. A new crag lizard from the Cape Folded Mountains in South Africa. Amphibia-Reptilia 16 (4): 389-399. - get paper here
  • MOUTON, P. LE FRAS N.; DAHNÉ A. JANSE VAN RENSBURG and JOHANNES H. VAN WYK 2010. Epidermal glands in cordylid lizards, with special reference to generation glands. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 158: 312–324.
  • Rensburg, D.A. Janse van; Mouton, P. le F.N. & Niekerk, A. van 2009. Why cordylid lizards are black at the south-western tip of Africa. Journal of Zoology 278: 333–341
  • Stanley, Edward L.; Aaron M. Bauer; Todd R. Jackman, William R. Branch, P. Le Fras N. Mouton 2011. Between a rock and a hard polytomy: rapid radiation in the rupicolous girdled lizard (Squamata: Cordylidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 58(1): 53-70. - get paper here
 
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