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Hemidactylus angulatus HALLOWELL, 1854

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
SubspeciesHemidactylus angulatus angulatus HALLOWELL 1854
Hemidactylus angulatus leightoni BOULENGER 1911 
Common NamesE: Brook's House Gecko
G: Brooks Halbfingergecko, Afrikanischer Hausgecko
haitianus: Antillean House Gecko 
SynonymHemidactylus angulatus HALLOWELL 1854: 63
Hemidactylus cyanodactylus GIRARD 1858: 284 (non RAFINESQUE)
Hemidactylus angulatus — BOULENGER 1885: 113
Hemidactylus brookii haitianus MEERWARTH 1901:17
Hemidactylus brookii angulatus — HOOGMOED 1980
Hemidactylus brookii angulatus — SCHLEICH 1987: 51
Hemidactylus cyanogaster SCHLEICH 1987: 51 (nom. subst. pro Gecus cyanodactylus GIRARD 1858)
Hemidactylus brookii angulatus — BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991: 11
Hemidactylus brookii haitianus — KLUGE 1993
Hemidactylus haitianus - POWELL et al. 1996
Hemidactylus angulatus — BAUER et al. 2006
Hemidactylus angulatus —CARRANZA & ARNOLD 2006
Hemidactylus angulatus — PAUWELS & VENDE WEGHE 2008

Hemidactylus angulatus leightoni BOULENGER 1911
Hemidactylus leightoni BOULENGER 1911: 19
Hemidactylus leightoni — POWELL et al. 1996
Hemidactylus leightoni — FUENMAYOR 2002
Hemidactylus angulatus leightoni — RÖSLER & GLAW 2010 
DistributionBenin, Burkina Faso, Niger, Sudan, Central African Republic, Gabon, Uganda, south to Tanzania, west to Senegal [Nigeria, Togo, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea (Conakry), Guinea-Bissau, Senegal]; Gambia, Cameroon, Zanzibar, Pemba Island, Cape Verde Islands

Type locality: West coast of Africa = Gabon

haitianus: Caribbean: Cuba, Hispaniola, Dominican, Republic, Puerto Rico (introduced; see comment); Type locality: "Haiti, Port-au-Prince' (for HZM 1500, only "Haiti" was given)

leightoni: Venezuela (Zulia), Colombia; Type locality: Honda, Magdalene R., Columbia

cyanodactylus: Type locality: “Port Praya, San Jago, Cape de Verde Islands” Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: ANSP 7431
Lectotype: ZMB 5740A (designated by BAUER & GÜNTHER 1991) [Hemidactylus guineensis PETERS 1868]
Syntypes: ZMH (Universität Hamburg Zoologisches Museum, Hamburg) 1500, 2250 (a-b), now destroyed [haitianus] 
CommentSynonymy: Hemidactylus brookii haitianus was elevated to species status by Powell et al. (1996) from subspecific status based on (1) evidence that H. brookii in the Eastern Hemisphere constitute a species complex (R. I. Crombie, in. litt., 15 June 1995, to R. W. Henderson); (2) the distinctiveness of West Indian populations (see original description of Meerwarth [1901); (3) comments in Powell (1993); and (4) previous use of this combination and comments by Powell and Parmerlee (1993). RÖSLER & GLAW (2010) re-synonymized haitianus with angulatus though. Note, however, that Rösler and Glaw did not evaluate variation in the angulatus complex, so they can’t really tell if New world taxa are synonymous with H. angulatus sensu stricto (A. Bauer, pers. comm., 27 April 2015).

WEISS & HEDGES 2007 synonymized all West Indian geckos referred to H. brooki or H. haitianus with H. angulatus based on little or no DNA sequence differences. The Caribbean populations have been most likely been introduced from Africa by the slave trade. However, given that H. angulatus may be a species complex, resurrection of H. haitianus is possible. 
References
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