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Hemidactylus bowringii (GRAY, 1845)

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Common NamesE: Sikkimese Dark-Spotted Gecko, Bowring’s or Asian smooth gecko, Oriental Leaf-toed Gecko
G: Bowrings Gecko
Chinese: 原尾蜥虎 
SynonymDoryura Bowringii GRAY 1845: 156
Lacerta chinensis OSBECK 1765 ?
Leiurus berdmorei BLYTH 1853: 646
Doryura berdmorei — THEOBALD 1868: 29
Hemidactylus coctaei GÜNTHER 1872 (not of DUMÉRIL & BIBRON)
Hemidactylus coctaei — BOULENGER 1885: 137
Hemidactylus bowringii BOULENGER 1885: 139
Hemidactylus bowringii — STEJNEGER 1907: 176
Hemidactylus bowringii — KLUGE 1993
Hemidactylus bowringii — RÖSLER 2000: 85
Hemidactylus cf. bowringii — MAHONY et al. 2009
Hemidactylus bowringii — RÖSLER 2016: 8 
DistributionS China,Taiwan, Hong Kong; Vietnam (Ha Noi [Darevsky et al., 1986; Bao Lac [Ho, Nguyen, 1981]; Hon Thom Island [Darevsky, 1990]; Ku Lao Pan Jang Island [Darevsky, 1990], Myanmar (= Burma), Nepal, Bhutan,
Japan (Ryukyu Islands = Okinawa)

Type locality: unknown; restricted to Hongkong or vicinity by SMITH 1935.  
TypesLectotype: BMNH 2007.1 (designated by McMahan & Zug, 2007). 
CommentSynonymy partly after STEJNEGER 1907.

Distribution: specimens reported from India have been assigned to H. aquilonius (PURKAYASHTA et al. 2010). 
Etymologynamed after John Charles Bowring (1821-1893), who donated the types to J.E. Gray. 
  • Bansal, Rohini; K. Praveen Karanth 2010. Molecular phylogeny of Hemidactylus geckos (Squamata: Gekkonidae) of the Indian subcontinent reveals a unique Indian radiation and an Indian origin of Asian house geckos. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 57 (1): 459-465 - get paper here
  • Bauer, Aaron M. and Barry W. Baker 2012. The Lake Champlain Frontier as a Portal for Accidentally Introduced Asian Geckos. IRCF Reptiles & Amphibians 19 (1): 60-63
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Blyth,E. 1854. Notices and descriptions of various reptiles, new or little-known. Part I. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 22 [1853]: 639-655 - get paper here
  • Bobrov V.V., Semenov D.V. 2008. Lizards of Vietnam [in Russian]. Moscow, 236 pp.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Chan, S.K.F.; Cheung, K.S.; Ho, C.Y.; Lam, F.N. & Tang, W.S. 2006. The geckos of Hong Kong. Hong Kong Biodiversity (13): 1-9
  • Das, I. & B. Dattagupta 1998. Rediscovery of the holotype of Leiurus berdmorei Blyth, 1853 (Sauria: Gekkonidae). Journal of South Asian natural History 3 (1): 51
  • Giri, Varad B.; Bauer, Aaron M. 2008. A new ground-dwelling Hemidactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Maharashtra, with a key to the Hemidactylus of India. Zootaxa 1700: 21-34 - get paper here
  • Goris, R.C. & Maeda, N. 2004. Guide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Japan. Krieger, Malabar, 285 pp.
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1872. Descriptions of some Ceylonese Reptiles and Batrachians. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 9: 85-88 - get paper here
  • Kästle , W., Rai, K. & Schleich, H.H. 2013. FIELD GUIDE to Amphibians and Reptiles of Nepal. ARCO-Nepal e.V., 625 pp. - get paper here
  • Lazell, James; Lau, Michael;Lu, Wenhua 1997. A brief herpetological excursion to Wai Ling Ding, Wanshan Islands, South China Sea. Asiatic Herpetological Research 7: 80-84 - get paper here
  • Lenz, Norbert 2012. Von Schmetterlingen und Donnerdrachen - Natur und Kultur in Bhutan. Karlsruher Naturhefte 4, Naturkundemuseum Karlsruhe, 124 pp.
  • Liang, Yun-Sheng; Wang, Chin-Shiang 1973. Comparative study of osteology on the House Geckos, Hemidactylus bowringii (Gray) and Hemidactylus frenatus Dumeril & Bibron from Taiwan. Fu Jen Studies (7): 63-123
  • Liu-Yu, M.C. 1970. Studies on Taiwan lizards. Biol. Bull. Taiwan Normal Univ. 5: 51-93
  • Lue, Kuang-Yang;Chen, Szu-Lung;Chang, Wei-Sah 1992. Notes on the reptiles collected from the offshore islets of Penghu Archipelago. Journal of the Taiwan Museum 45 (1): 15-18
  • Mahony, Stephen; Md. Kamrul Hasan, Md. Mofizul Kabir, Mushfiq Ahmed and Md. Kamal Hossain. 2009. A catalogue of amphibians and reptiles in the collection of Jahangirnagar University, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Hamadryad 34 (1): 80 – 94 - get paper here
  • McMahan, C.D. & Zug, G.R. 2007. Burmese Hemidactylus (Reptilia, Squamata, Gekkonidae): geographic variation in the morphology of Hemidactylus bowringii in Myanmar and Yunnan, China. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 58 (23-30): 485-509
  • Nguyen, S.V., Ho, C.T. and Nguyen, T.Q. 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • Ota, Hidetoshi 1989. A review of the geckos (Lacertilia: Reptilia) of the Ryukyu Archipelago and Taiwan. in: Matsui et al., eds; Current Herpetology in East Asia: Proceedings of the Second Japan-China Herpetological Symposium Kyoto, July 1988: 222-261
  • Pope, CLIFFORD H. 1935. The Reptiles of China. Turtes, Crocodilians, Snakes, Lizards. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., New York, Nat. Hist. Central Asia, 10: lii, 1-604
  • Purkayastha, Jayaditya; Madhurima Das, Aaron M. Bauer, Saibal Sengupta and Sushil K Dutta 2010. Notes on the Hemidactylus Bowringii complex (Reptilia: Gekkonidae) in India, and a change to the national herpetofaunal list. Hamadryad 35 (1): 20 – 27
  • Rabbe, M.F., Alam, M.M. & Rahman, M. 2017. Geographic Distribution: Hemidactylus bowringii (Oriental Leaf-toed Gecko). Herpetological Review 48 (4): 811 - get paper here
  • Rösler H 2016. Bemerkungen über einige Geckoarten der Zoologischen Staatssammlung München. Gekkota Suppl. 3: 1-94
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Stejneger, L. 1910. The batrachians and reptiles of Formosa. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 38: 91-114 - get paper here
  • Stejneger, LEONHARD H. 1907. Herpetology of Japan and adjacent territory. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 58: xx, 1-577 - get paper here
  • Theobald, William 1868. Catalogue of the reptiles of British Birma, embracing the provinces of Pegu, Martaban, and Tenasserim; with descriptions of new or little-known species. Zool. J. Linnean Soc. 10: 4-67. - get paper here
  • Venugopal, P.D. 2010. An updated and annotated list of Indian lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) based on a review of distribution records and checklists of Indian reptiles. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (3): 725-738. - get paper here
  • Xu, Da-De and Xiang Ji 2007. Sexual dimorphism, female reproduction and egg incubation in the oriental leaf-toed gecko (Hemidactylus bowringii) from southern China. Zoology 110 (1): 20-27
  • Zug, George R.;Win, Htun;Thin, Thin;Min, Than Zaw;Lhon, Win Zaw;Kyaw, Kyaw 1998. Herpetofauna of the Chatthin Wildlife Sanctuary, north-central Myanmar with preliminary observations of their Natural History. Hamadryad 23 (2): 111-120
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