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Hemidactylus giganteus STOLICZKA, 1871

IUCN Red List - Hemidactylus giganteus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Giant Leaf-toed Gecko, Giant Southern Tree Gecko, Giant rock gecko 
SynonymHemidactylus giganteus STOLICZKA 1871: 193
Hemidactylus giganteus — BOULENGER 1885: 138
Hemidactylus giganteus — SMITH 1935: 99
Hemidactylus giganteus — WERMUTH 1965: 76
Hemidactylus giganteus — KLUGE 1993
Hemidactylus giganteus — RÖSLER 1995: 123
Hemidactylus giganteus — DAS 2003
Hemidactylus cf. giganteus — GANESH et al. 2018
Hemidactylus giganteus — KUMAR et al. 2022 
DistributionIndia (Badrachalam/Godavari, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh)

Type locality: near Badrachalam, Godavari Valley  
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1877.8.6.5, adult male, ZSI 2604 – 2605 (female and male), Godavari Valley near Shadrachalam, Andhra
Pradesh, India. Topotypes: NHMOU.REP.H63.2015, adult male; NHMOU.REP.H62.2015, adult male & NHMOU.REP.H612015, adult female; Bhadrachalam (17.6687° N, 80.8935° E; 51 m a.s.l.), Bhadradri Kothagudem District, Telangana State, India; collected by Gandla Chethan Kumar, Krishna Prasad Kante & Devender Gundena, on 30th September, 2015. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A large-sized Hemidactylus (maximum SVL up to 136 mm; n=20). Dorsal pholidosis homogenous with more or less uniform, irregularly sized and shaped small granular scales. First supralabial in contact with nasal, but not in contact with nostril. Two well-developed pairs of postmentals, inner pair broadly in contact with each other and considerably larger than the outer pair. Ventrolateral folds indistinct, about 35–41 scale rows present across venter. Enlarged scansors on all digits, one to two proximal scansors and one distal scansor, undivided, rest divided; 11–13 (manus) and 10–12 (pes) divided scansors beneath first digit, 13–16 (manus) and 14–17 (pes) beneath fourth digit. 18–23 femoral pores on each thigh, separated by seven or eight poreless scales in males. 11–17 supralabials and 9–14 infralabials. Tail depressed, broadly swollen at the base, oval in transverse section without a median dorsal furrow; scales on the tail weakly imbricate, slightly larger than dorsals of body; ventral scales of tail large and imbricate, separated by medial row of transversely enlarged and regularly arranged subcaudal plates. (Kumar et al. 2022) 
CommentDistribution: see map in Kumar et al. 2023: 313 (Fig. 8) 
  • Bansal, Rohini; K. Praveen Karanth 2010. Molecular phylogeny of Hemidactylus geckos (Squamata: Gekkonidae) of the Indian subcontinent reveals a unique Indian radiation and an Indian origin of Asian house geckos. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 57 (1): 459-465 - get paper here
  • Bauer, Aaron M.; Todd R. Jackman, Eli Greenbaum, Varad B. Giri, Anslem de Silva 2010. South Asia supports a major endemic radiation of Hemidactylus geckos. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 57 (1): 343-352 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Das, Indraneil 2003. Growth of Knowledge on the Reptiles of India, with an Introduction to Systematics, Taxonomy and Nomenclature. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 100 (2-3): 446-502 - get paper here
  • Ganesh S.R., Bubesh Guptha 2021. Herpetological diversity in the Central Eastern Ghats, Peninsular India. Journal of Animal Diversity 3 (3): 18-44 - get paper here
  • Gemel, R.; G. Gassner & S. Schweiger 2019. Katalog der Typen der Herpetologischen Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums Wien – 2018. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 121: 33–248
  • Giri, V., Bauer, A.M., and Chaturvedi, N. 2003. Notes on the distribution, natural history, and variation of Hemidactylus giganteus Stoliczka. Hamadryad 27: 217-221. - get paper here
  • Giri, V.B. 2008. A new rock dwelling Hemidactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Maharashtra, India. Hamadryad 32: 25–33 - get paper here
  • Giri, Varad B.; Bauer, Aaron M. 2008. A new ground-dwelling Hemidactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Maharashtra, with a key to the Hemidactylus of India. Zootaxa 1700: 21-34 - get paper here
  • GOWDA, S., M. AGNIVAMSHI, AND Y. KALKI 2020. Hemidactylus giganteus (Giant Leaf-Toed Gecko). Saurophagy. Herpetological Review 51: 599-600.
  • Kumar, G. Chethan & C. Srinivasulu 2015. A two-tailed Indian giant leaf-toed gecko (Hemidactylus giganteus). TAPROBANICA 7 (4): 263–265. - get paper here
  • KUMAR, GANDLA CHETHAN; ADITYA SRINIVASULU, CHELMALA SRINIVASULU 2022. Redescription of Hemidactylus giganteus Stoliczka, 1871 with the description of three new allied species (Squamata: Gekkonidae: Hemidactylus Goldfuss, 1820) from peninsular India. Zootaxa 5115 (3): 301-341 - get paper here
  • Murthy, T.S.N. 2010. The reptile fauna of India. B.R. Publishing, New Delhi, 332 pp.
  • Rösler, Herbert 1995. Geckos der Welt - Alle Gattungen. Urania, Leipzig, 256 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Srikanthan, Achyuthan N.; Gandla Chethan Kumar, Aishwarya J. Urs & Sumaithangi Rajagopalan Ganesh 2018. Appearances are deceptive: molecular phylogeny recovers the Scaly Gecko Hemidactylus scabriceps (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae) as a member of a scansorial and rupicolous clade. JoTT 10 (9): 12147–12162 - get paper here
  • Stoliczka, F. 1871. Notes on new or little-known Indian lizards. Proc. asiat. Soc. Bengal (Calcutta) 1871: 192-195 - get paper here
  • Venugopal, P.D. 2010. An updated and annotated list of Indian lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) based on a review of distribution records and checklists of Indian reptiles. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (3): 725-738. - get paper here
  • Zwanzig, Bernd-Michael & Wolfgang Grossmann 2013. Halbfingergeckos: Hemidactylus. Die verkannte Gattung. Terraria-Elaphe 2013 (2): 14-27 - get paper here
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