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Hemidactylus homoeolepis BLANFORD, 1881

IUCN Red List - Hemidactylus homoeolepis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesArabian Leaf-toed Gecko 
SynonymHemidactylus (Liurus) homoeolepis BLANFORD 1881: 484
Hemidactylus homoeolepis — BOULENGER 1885: 117
Hemidactylus homoeolepis — LOVERIDGE 1947: 117
Hemidactylus homoeolepis — WERMUTH 1965: 77
Hemidactylus homoeolepis — KLUGE 1993
Hemidactylus homoeolepis — RÖSLER 2000: 86
Hemidactylus homoeolepis — RAZZETTI et al. 2011 
DistributionSomalia ? [“Somaliland” fide BOETTGER 1893], Abdel-Kuri, Socotra Island, Samha, SW Yemen to E Yemen, Oman, 4 -670 m elevation

Type locality: Socotra Island Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesTypes: BMNH 1946.9.6.99 (and possibly additional specimens). 
CommentNot listed for Somalia by LANZA 1990, nor by RÖSLER & WRANIK (2004).

MorphoBank M95683–M95823 M100000–M100038 M102031–M102145

Diagnosis A small member of the H. homeolepis group with a maximum recorded SVL of 42 mm. Undepressed head; scaling fine without tubercles with the exception of specimen BMNH1953.1.6.9 from Shaqara, Southwest Yemen, which presents large tubercles on the hind back, tail base and hind limbs. Lamellae under the 1st toe of pes mean 4.7 (4–5); lamellae under the 4th toe mean 8.4 (7–10); preanal pores mean 5.5 (3–6); expanded subcaudal scales beginning some way from tail base; dorsal pattern spotted. For differences from the three new species described herein formerly part of H. homoeolepis (clades E–G in Fig. 5 and Appendix III) see below.

Behavior: strictly nocturnal. 
References
  • Arnold E N 1980. The scientific results of the Oman flora and fauna survey 1977 (Dhofar). The reptiles and amphibians of Dhofar, southern Arabia. JOURNAL OF OMAN STUDIES SPECIAL REPORT (No. 2): 273-332 - get paper here
  • Arnold, E. N. 1977. Little-known geckoes (Reptilia: Gekkonidae) from Arabia with descriptions of two new species from the Sultanate of Oman. The Scientific Results of the Oman Flora and Fauna Survey, 1975. Journal of Oman Studies, Special Report, (1):81—110 [1975]
  • Blanford, W. T. 1881. Notes on the lizards collected in Socotra by Professor l. Bayley Balfour. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1881: 464-469. - get paper here
  • Boettger,O. 1893. Übersicht der von Prof. C. Keller anlässlich der Ruspoli'schen Expedition nach den Somaliländern gesammelten Reptilien und Batrachier. Zool. Anz. 16 (416): 113-119 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Braz, Henrique B.; Rodrigo R. Scartozzoni, Selma M. Almeida-Santos 2016. Reproductive modes of the South American water snakes: A study system for the evolution of viviparity in squamate reptiles Zoologischer Anzeiger 263: 33-44; doi:10.1016/j.jcz.2016.04.003 - get paper here
  • Carranza, S., Arnold, E. Nicholas 2012. A review of the geckos of the genus Hemidactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Oman based on morphology, mitochondrial and nuclear data, with descriptions of eight new species. Zootaxa 3378: 1–95 - get paper here
  • Garcia-Porta, Joan; Hernán E. Morales, Elena Gómez-Díaz, Roberto Sindaco, Salvador Carranza 2016. Patterns of diversification in islands: A comparative study across three gecko genera in the Socotra Archipelago Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2016.02.007 - get paper here
  • Henkel, F.-W. 2003. Herpetological expedition through Oman. Reptilia (GB) (27): 50-55 - get paper here
  • Loveridge,A. 1947. Revision of the African lizards of the family Gekkondiae. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 98: 1-469 - get paper here
  • RAZZETTI, EDOARDO; ROBERTO SINDACO, CRISTINA GRIECO, FRANCESCA PELLA, UGO ZILIANI, FABIO PUPIN, ELISA RISERVATO, DANIELE PELLITTERI-ROSA, LUCA BUTIKOFER, AHMED SAEED SULEIMAN, BADAR AWADH AL-ASEILY, CATERINA CARUGATI, ELEONORA BONCOMPAGNI & MAURO FAS 2011. Annotated checklist and distribution of the Socotran Archipelago Herpetofauna (Reptilia). Zootaxa 2826: 1–44 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Rösler, H. & Wranik, W. 2004. A key and annotated checklist to the reptiles of the Socotra archipelago. Fauna of Arabia 20: 505-534
  • Rösler,H. & Wranik,W. 2000. Die Geckofauna des Sokotra-Archipels (Sauria: Gekkonidae). Gekkota 2: 20-27
  • Rösler, Herbert 2015. Bemerkungen über einige Geckos der Zoologischen Staatssammlung München. Gekkota, Suppl. (2): 3-54
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Šmíd, Jiří; Salvador Carranza, Lukáš Kratochvíl, Václav Gvoždík, Abdul Karim Nasher, Jiří Moravec 2013. Out of Arabia: A Complex Biogeographic History of Multiple Vicariance and Dispersal Events in the Gecko Genus Hemidactylus (Reptilia: Gekkonidae). PLoS ONE 8(5): e64018 - get paper here
  • van der Kooij, Jeroen 2001. The herpetofauna of the Sultanate of Oman: Part 2: the geckoes. Podarcis 1 (4): 105-120
  • Zwanzig, Bernd-Michael & Wolfgang Grossmann 2013. Halbfingergeckos: Hemidactylus. Die verkannte Gattung. Terraria-Elaphe 2013 (2): 14-27
 
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