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Hemidactylus imbricatus (BAUER, GIRI, GREENBAUM, JACKMAN, DHARNE & SHOUCHE, 2008)

IUCN Red List - Hemidactylus imbricatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Carrot-tail Viper Gecko
G: Rübenschwanz-Viperngecko 
SynonymHomonota fasciata JERDON 1853 [1854]: 468
Teratolepis fasciata — GÜNTHER 1869
Teratolepis fasciata — BOULENGER 1885: 145
Teratolepis fasciata — SMITH 1935: 123
Teratolepis fasciata — KLUGE 1993
Teratolepis fasciata — RÖSLER 1995: 158
Teratolepis fasciatus — PIANKA & VITT 2003: 181
Teratolepis fasciatus — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Hemidactylus imbricatus BAUER et al. 2008 (nom. nov.)
Hemidactylus imbricatus — BAUER 2013 (plates) 
DistributionW Pakistan (Sind), Assam, Hyderabad (fide SMITH 1935), Khasi Hills

Type locality: Jaulna, Hyderabad Province (fide SMITH 1935) [= Jalna, Maharashtra].  
TypesHolotype: ZSI 5981, now in terrible condition; BMNH may be a syntype. 
CommentSynonymy: Bauer et al. (2008) synonymized Teratolepis with Hemidactylus which rendered Hemidactylus fasciatus (Blyth, 1853) a junior secondary homonym of Hemidactylus fasciatus Gray 1842. Bauer et al. thus suggested a nomen novum, Hemidactylus imbricatus.

Publication date: Bauer et al. (2008) state that Blyth’s (also cited as Blyth in Jerdon) paper most likely has been published in 1853, not 1854 as often cited, although the volume itself is dated “1854”.

Günther (1869) erected the genus Teratolepis to accommodate Homonota fasciata BLYTH 1853, emphasizing its bizarre scalation (relatively large, flat, weakly imbricate polygonal scales on the dorsum and very large imbricate scales on tail, which is typically swollen basally.

Distribution: Records from India and Sri Lanka are most likely erroneous (BAUER et al. 2008). 
EtymologyThe specfic epithet refers to the imbricate scales of the dorsum, and particularly the tail of this species. 
  • Anderson, J.A. 1964. A Report on the Gecko Teratolepis fasciata (BLYTH, 1853). J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 61 (1): 161-171 - get paper here
  • Bauer, A.M. 2013. Geckos - The Animal Answer Guide. Johns Hopkins University Press, 159 pp.
  • Bauer, Aaron M.; Todd R. Jackman, Eli Greenbaum, Varad B. Giri, Anslem de Silva 2010. South Asia supports a major endemic radiation of Hemidactylus geckos. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 57 (1): 343-352 - get paper here
  • Bauer, Aaron M.; Varad B. Giri, Eli Greenbaum, Todd R. Jackman, Mahesh S. Dharne and Yogesh S. Shouche 2008. On the Systematics of the Gekkonid Genus Teratolepis Günther, 1869: Another One Bites the Dust. Hamadryad 32 (2): 90-104 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Jerdon, T.C. 1853. Catalogue of the Reptiles inhabiting the Peninsula of India. Part 1. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal xxii [1854]: 462-479 (1853 fide Bauer et al. 2008) - get paper here
  • Khan, M.S. 2003. Anmerkungen zur Morphologie, Verbreitung und den Habitatpräferenzen einiger pakistanischer Geckos. Sauria 25 (3): 35-47 [erratum in 25 (4): 27] - get paper here
  • Minton, S. A. Jr. 1966. A contribution to the herpetology of West Pakistan. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 134: 29-184. - get paper here
  • Möller, F. 2009. Unusual post-copulation behaviour in Hemidactylus imbricatus BAUER, GIRI, GREENBAUM, JACKMAN, DHARNE & SHOUCHE 2008. Sauria 31 (3): 59-61 - get paper here
  • Mudrack, W. 1986. Teratolepis fasciata (BLYTH, 1853). Sauria 8 (1) Suppl.: 037–040 - get paper here
  • Pianka, E.R. & Vitt, L.J. 2003. Lizards - Windows to the Evolution of Diversity. University of California Press, Berkeley, 347 pp. [review in Copeia 2004: 955] - get paper here
  • Rösler, Herbert 1995. Geckos der Welt - Alle Gattungen. Urania, Leipzig, 256 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Srikanthan, Achyuthan N.; Gandla Chethan Kumar, Aishwarya J. Urs & Sumaithangi Rajagopalan Ganesh 2018. Appearances are deceptive: molecular phylogeny recovers the Scaly Gecko Hemidactylus scabriceps (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae) as a member of a scansorial and rupicolous clade. JoTT 10 (9): 12147–12162 - get paper here
  • Zwanzig, Bernd-Michael & Wolfgang Grossmann 2013. Halbfingergeckos: Hemidactylus. Die verkannte Gattung. Terraria-Elaphe 2013 (2): 14-27 - get paper here
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