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Hemidactylus inintellectus Sindaco, Ziliani, Razzetti, Pupin, Grieco, 2009

IUCN Red List - Hemidactylus inintellectus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Sauria (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesSocotran rock gecko 
SynonymHemidactylus inintellectus Sindaco, Ziliani, Razzetti, Pupin, Grieco 2009
Hemidactylus granti – SCHÄTTI and DESVOIGNES 1999: 108-109
Hemidactylus aff. turcicus – RÖSLER & WRANIK 2000: 24
[Hemidactylus] turcicus-like – RÖSLER & WRANIK in WRANIK 2003: 133
Hemidactylus sp. – RÖSLER & WRANIK in WRANIK 2003: pl. 74
Hemidactylus sp. B – RÖSLER & WRANIK 2004: 518
Hemidactylus sp. B – RÖSLER & WRANIK 2006: 127
Hemidactylus granti – SINDACO et al. 2008 
DistributionSocotra Island (Yemen)

Type locality: Yemen, Socotra Island, Wadi Ayhaft
(12°36’47”N– 53°57’52”E), about 200 m elevation. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype – MCC-R1470, adult male., U. Ziliani, E. Razzetti, R. Sindaco, C. Caru-
gati, C. Grieco leg., 3.I.2008. 
CommentDiagnosis: A rather robust Hemidactylus (maximum SVL: male = 59.5 mm, female = 60.5 mm), easily distinguishable from the others Socotran Hemidactylus by the following combination of characters: back covered by large, trihedral, strongly keeled tubercles intermixed with a few small, irregular shaped granules (Fig. 1d), forming 12-16 (mode 14) irregular transversal rows from axilla to groin (counted along a paravertebral line); nostril in contact with the rostral, the 1st supralabial and 3 postnasals; 6 lamellae under the 1st toe (Fig. 1c) and 9-11 (media 10.2 ± 0,54, mode = 10) under the 4th toe (Fig. 1e). Chin shield subtriangular; first pair of enlarged post-mentals in broad contact each other and with the first and second lower labial; second pair in contact with the second lower labial and usually with small paralabials (Fig. 1b). Males with 3/3 to 5/5 preanal pores in two short rows, separated medially by 2-3 scales (Fig. 1f); females without pores. Pattern with more or less irregular, narrow transversal bands on back and unregenerated tail, sometimes indistinct. Ventral part of the tail with transversely enlarged scales intermixed with smaller ones (from SINDACO et al. 2009). 
EtymologyEtymology: The specific epithet inintellectus is a latin adjective meaning “misunderstood”, because the species was observed and/or collected by different authors (including us during the first surveys), but was confused with other taxa or was suspected to be a new taxon, but remained undescribed for about ten years. 
References
  • RAZZETTI, EDOARDO; ROBERTO SINDACO, CRISTINA GRIECO, FRANCESCA PELLA, UGO ZILIANI, FABIO PUPIN, ELIS 2011. Annotated checklist and distribution of the Socotran Archipelago Herpetofauna (Reptilia). Zootaxa 2826: 1–44 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. & Wranik, W. 2004. A key and annotated checklist to the reptiles of the Socotra archipelago. Fauna of Arabia 20: 505-534
  • Rösler,H. & Wranik,W. 2000. Die Geckofauna des Sokotra-Archipels (Sauria: Gekkonidae). Gekkota 2: 20-27
  • Schätti, B., Desvoignes, A. 1999. The herpetofauna of southern Yemen and the Sokotra Archipelago. Muséum d'histoire naturelle Genéve, Genéve.
  • Sindaco, Roberto; Ugo Ziliani; Edoardo Razzetti; Caterina Carugati; Cristina Grieco; Fabio Pupin; Ba 2009. A misunderstood new gecko of the genus Hemidactylus from Socotra Island, Yemen (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae) Acta Herpetologica 4 (1): 83-98 - get paper here
  • Šmíd, Jiří; Salvador Carranza, Lukáš Kratochvíl, Václav Gvoždík, Abdul Karim Nasher, Jiří Moravec 2013. Out of Arabia: A Complex Biogeographic History of Multiple Vicariance and Dispersal Events in the Gecko Genus Hemidactylus (Reptilia: Gekkonidae). PLoS ONE 8(5): e64018 - get paper here
  • Wranik, Wolfgang 2003. Fauna of the Socotra Archipelago: Field Guide. University of Rostock, 542 pp. [review in Der Salamander 2 (4): 255]
 
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