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Hemidactylus jumailiae BUSAIS & JOGER, 2011

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymHemidactylus jumailiae BUSAIS & JOGER 2011 
DistributionYemen

Type locality: Ibb, 14° 05′ N, 44° 13′ E, Yemen. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: NHM-BS N41891, adult male; Collected by E. Aqlan, 20.11.2007
Paratypes. NHM-BS N41889, N41890, N41893 – N41897 from Ibb; ZFMK 91983, NHM-BSN41900 – N41901 from Sana’a; N41898 – N41899 from Thamar. 
CommentDiagnosis: The members of OTU 3 (H. jumailiae sp. nov.) can be distinguished from H. y. yerburii by the low mean number of ventral scales (35.50 vs. 41.35 in fema- les), the low mean number of dorsal scales (65.50 vs. 91.70 in males and 67.08 vs. 91.30 in females), the low mean number of tubercle dorsal scales (12.00 vs. 15.40 in males and 12.75 vs. 15.30 in females), the low mean number of scansors under the first toe (6.33 vs. 6.83 in females) and the low mean number of the male preanal pores (7.50 vs. 12.50). They differ from the members of the subspecies H. y. montanus ssp. nov. by the low mean number of ventral scales (35.50 vs. 42.45 in females), the low mean number of dorsal scales (65.50 vs. 87.91 in males and 67. 08 vs. 85.40 in females), the low mean number of tubercle dorsal scales (12.00 vs. 15.09 in males and 12.75 vs. 15.47 in females), the low mean number of internasal granules (0.50 vs. 1.00 in males and 0.75 vs. 1.00 in females), the high mean number of scansors under the first toe (7.00 vs.6.25 in males), the high mean number of scansors under the fourth toe (11.00 vs. 10.19 in males) and the low mean number of male preanal pores (7.50 vs. 10.19).
The members of OTU 3 differ from the OTU 4 by the low mean number of tubercle dorsal scales (12.75 vs. 14.20), the high mean number of upper labials (10.00 vs. 8.80 in females), the high mean number of lower labials (8.08 vs. 7.00), the low mean number of internasal granules (0.75 vs. 1.00 in females), the high mean number of scansors under the first toe (6.33 vs. 5.00) and the high mean number of scansors under the fourth toe (10.17 vs. 9.00). In general, snout-vent- length in OTU 1 is higher than in OTU 4.
The members of OTU 3 differ from OTU 5 (H. shihraensis sp. nov.) by the low mean number of ven- tral scales (38.00 vs. 52.50 in males and 35.50 vs. 47.50 in females), the low mean number of dorsal scales (65.50 vs. 78.00 in males), the low mean number of tubercle dorsal scales (12.00 vs. 13.00 in males and 12.75 vs. 14.00 in females), the low mean number of internasal granules (0.50 vs. 1.00 in males and 0.75 vs. 1.00 in females) and the high mean number of male preanal pores (7.50 vs. 6.00).
The members of OTU 3 differ from the members of OTU 6 (H. saba sp. nov.) by the high mean number of ventral scales (38.00 vs. 31.00 in males and 35.50 vs. 30.00 in females), the low mean number of dorsal scales (65.50 vs. 76.50 in males and 67.08 vs. 80.00 in females), the low mean number of tubercle dorsal scales (12.00 vs. 14.00 in males and 12.75 vs. 14.00 in females), the low mean number of internasal granules (0.50 vs. 1.00 in males and 0.75 vs. 1.00 in females), the low mean number of scansors under the first toe (7.00 vs. 8.00 in males and 6.33 vs. 8.00 in females) and the high mean number of male preanal pores (7.50 vs. 6.00). There is only one specimen of the OTU 7, but considerable differences are recognized between this probably new species and OTU 7 by the high num- ber of upper labials (10.00 vs. 8), the high number of scansors under the first toe (6.33 vs. 5.00) and the high number of scansors under the fourth toe (10.17 vs. 8.00). The members of H. jumailiae sp. nov. differ from the members of OTU 8 (H. robustus) in females by the low mean number of tubercle scales (12.75 vs. 15.60) and the high mean number of upper labials (10.00 vs. 8.60). The new species H. jumailiae sp. nov. also differs from H. lemurinus recorded in the mainland by the distinct character of dorsal tubercles. There are no dorsal tubercles in H. lemurinus, furthermore, the male preanal pores are less in H. lemurinus than in this new species, and the number of scansors under the fourth toe is lower in the new species.

Distribution: see map in ŠMÍD et al. 2016: Fig. 3. 
EtymologyThe specific name of H. jumailiae sp. nov. refers to Prof. Dr. Masaa Al-Jumaily, Professor of Animal Ecology, Sana’a University, in acknowledgment to her efforts and contributions to the fauna of Yemen. 
References
  • Busais, Salem & Ulrich Joger 2011. Three new species and one new subspecies of Hemidactylus OKEN, 1817 from Yemen (Squamata, Gekkonidae). Vertebrate Zoology 61 (2): 267 – 280
  • Rösler, Herbert 2015. Bemerkungen über einige Geckos der Zoologischen Staatssammlung München. Gekkota, Suppl. (2): 3-54
  • Šmíd J, Moravec J, Kratochvíl L, Gvoždík V, Nasher AK, Busais SM, Wilms T, Shobrak MY, Carranza S 2013. Two newly recognized species of Hemidactylus (Squamata, Gekkonidae) from the Arabian Peninsula and Sinai, Egypt. ZooKeys 355: 79–107 - get paper here
  • Šmíd, Jiří; Salvador Carranza, Lukáš Kratochvíl, Václav Gvoždík, Abdul Karim Nasher, Jiří Moravec 2013. Out of Arabia: A Complex Biogeographic History of Multiple Vicariance and Dispersal Events in the Gecko Genus Hemidactylus (Reptilia: Gekkonidae). PLoS ONE 8(5): e64018 - get paper here
  • Šmíd, Jiří; Mohammed Shobrak; Thomas Wilms; Ulrich Joger & Salvador Carranza 2016. Endemic diversification in the mountains: genetic, morphological, and geographical differentiation of the Hemidactylus geckos in southwestern Arabia. Org Divers Evol, DOI 10.1007/s13127-016-0293-3
 
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