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Hemidactylus luqueorum CARRANZA & ARNOLD, 2012

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymHemidactylus luqueorum CARRANZA & ARNOLD 2012
Hemidactylus persicus — ARNOLD & GALLAGHER, 1977: 65
Hemidactylus persicus — ARNOLD 1977: 102
Hemidactylus persicus — ARNOLD 1986: 419
Hemidactylus persicus — LEVITON et al. 1992: 38 (part.)
Hemidactylus persicus — VAN DER KOOIJ 2000: 112 (part.)
Hemidactylus persicus — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008: 115 (part.) 
DistributionN Oman (Western Hajar Mountains), 492-2200 m elevation.

Type locality: Sayq, 1961 m, Jebel Akhdar (North Oman), 23.07639’N 57.62861’E Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 2005.1660, male, WGS84, collected in October 2005 by S. Carranza, E.N. Arnold and D. Donaire (MorphoBank M94288–M94303). Paratypes: BMNH 1971.41, female from Wadi Sayq, 1900 m, Jebel Akhdar (North Oman), collected by M.D. Gallagher (MorphoBank M94304–M94312); BMNH1980.558, male from Wadi Sayq, 1900 m, Jebel Akhdar (North Oman), collected by M.D. Gallagher (MorphoBank M94313–M94350); BMNH 1975.916, female from Birkat Sahfan, Jebel Akhdar (Oman), collected by D.L. Harrison (MorphoBank M94378–M94384). BMNH2005.1661, juvenile from Sayq, 1961 m, Jebel Akhdar (North Oman), 23.07639’N 57.62861’E WGS84, collected in October 2005 by S. Carranza, E.N. Arnold and D. Donaire; BMNH2005.1658, female from Wadi Bani Habib, 2200 m, Jebel Akhdar (North Oman), 23.0711’N 57.60417’E WGS84, collected in October 2005 by S. Carranza, E.N. Arnold and D. Donaire (MorphoBank M94363–M94372); BMNH2005.1659, female from Wadi Bani Habib, 2200 m, Jebel Akhdar (North Oman), 23.0711’N 57.60417’E WGS84, collected in October 2005 by S. Carranza, E.N. Arnold and D. Donaire (MorphoBank M94363–M94372); IBES 8068, female from Wadi al Khahafa, 492 m, Jebel Akhdar (North Oman), 23.07419’N 57.12208’E WGS84, collected on the 10th of October 2010 by S. Carranza and F. Amat (MorphoBank M100056–M100064); IBES 7771, female from 1 km East of Hat, 1124 m, Jebel Akhdar (North Oman), 23.18292’N 57.41627’E WGS84, collected by S. Carranza, E. Gómez-Díaz and F. Amat on the 9th of May 2011 (MorphoBank M100065–M100073); IBES 6085, female, same collecting data as IBES7771 (MorphoBank M100083–M00093); ONHM 3705, female from Wadi Bani Habib, 2200 m, Jebel Akhdar (North Oman), 23.0711’N 57.60417’E WGS84, collected in October 2005 by S. Carranza, E.N. Arnold and D. Donaire (MorphoBank M94363–M94372). 
CommentDiagnosis A large-sized Hemidactylus with a maximum recorded SVL of 88 mm; with a mean of 14.2 (13–15)
longitudinal rows of enlarged dorsal tubercles at mid-body; adhesive pads broad, in adults maximum width of pad on fourth toe of the pes more than half its length; lamellae under the 1st toe of pes mean 10.3 (10–11); lamellae under the 4th toe of pes mean 13.6 (13–14); preanal pores mean 5.3 (5–6); expanded subcaudal scales extending proximally as far as the second whorl after the vent and starting just after the hemipenial bulge in males; dorsum grey–buff with irregular small spots; a dark stripe from the nostril, through the eye, on to cheek above ear and often on to neck; tail with small irregular dark blotches basally and numerous transverse dark bands more distally, the total number being around 17. Underside of tail pale but large subcaudals suffused with grey formed by dark chromatophores that increase in intensity distally; underside of toe pads also grey.
Hemidactylus luqueorum is generally similar to H. persicus in number of its moderately-sized dorsal tubercles across mid-body, and large adhesive pads on toes but differs from it in its much larger size (SVL mean 76.8 mm, max. 88 mm, compared with mean. 56.4 mm, max. 67 mm), reduced number of preanal pores in males (mean 5.3, 5–6, compared with mean 9.2, 8–11), and presence of more lamellae under the first toe of pes (mean 10.3, 10–11, compared with mean 8.8, 8–9). For differences from the second North Oman species of Hemidactylus see below.


Maria Teresa Luque, and her family for all their love and support. Without their encouragement and help it would have been impossible to accomplish this work. 
EtymologyThe species epithet "luqueorum" is a collective genitive plural Latin noun to honour Salvador Carranza’s wife, 
References
  • Carranza, S., Arnold, E. Nicholas 2012. A review of the geckos of the genus Hemidactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Oman based on morphology, mitochondrial and nuclear data, with descriptions of eight new species. Zootaxa 3378: 1–95 - get paper here
  • Grossmann, W., T. Kowalski, B. M. ZWANZIG & H.-J. ZILGER 2012. Ergänzende herpetologische Beobachtungen auf dem Saiq-Plateau und im Jebel al-Akhdar, Sultanat Oman. Sauria 34 (4): 3-18 - get paper here
  • Rösler, Herbert 2015. Bemerkungen über einige Geckos der Zoologischen Staatssammlung München. Gekkota, Suppl. (2): 3-54
  • Šmíd, Jiří; Salvador Carranza, Lukáš Kratochvíl, Václav Gvoždík, Abdul Karim Nasher, Jiří Moravec 2013. Out of Arabia: A Complex Biogeographic History of Multiple Vicariance and Dispersal Events in the Gecko Genus Hemidactylus (Reptilia: Gekkonidae). PLoS ONE 8(5): e64018 - get paper here
  • Zwanzig, Bernd-Michael & Wolfgang Grossmann 2013. Halbfingergeckos: Hemidactylus. Die verkannte Gattung. Terraria-Elaphe 2013 (2): 14-27
 
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