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Hemidactylus maculatus DUMÉRIL & BIBRON, 1836

IUCN Red List - Hemidactylus maculatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Spotted Leaf-toed Gecko, Giant Spotted Gecko
G: Gefleckter Halbfingergecko 
SynonymHemidactylus maculatus DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1836: 358
Hemidactylus sykesii GÜNTHER 1864 (fide SMITH 1935)
Hemidactylus maculatus — BOULENGER 1885: 132
Hemidactylus maculatus — SMITH 1935: 83
Hemidactylus maculatus — WERMUTH 1965: 80
Hemidactylus maculatus — KLUGE 1993
Hemidactylus maculatus — RÖSLER 2000: 87 
DistributionIndia (Gujarat, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Kerala)

Type locality: restricted to Bombay by SMITH 1935.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesSyntypes: MNHN 
Diagnosis 
CommentSubspecies: Hemidactylus maculatus hunae DERANIYAGALA 197 has been elevated to full species status.

Original description in Amarasinghe et al. 2009.

Distribution: see map in Srinivasulu et al. 2018: 38 (Fig. 7). Reports from Tamil Nadu and Kerala may represent other (or yet undescribed) species after H. maculatus s. l. has been split up into multiple species (e.g. see map in Srinivasulu 2018). 
Etymology 
References
  • AGARWAL, ISHAN;VARAD B. GIRI & AARON M. BAUER 2011. A new cryptic rock-dwelling Hemidactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from south India. Zootaxa 2765: 21–37 - get paper here
  • Amarasinghe, A. A. T., A. M. Bauer, I. Ineich, J. Rudge, M. M. Bahir & D. E. Gabadage 2009. The original descriptions and figures of Sri Lankan gekkonid lizards (Squamata: Gekkonidae) of the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries. Taprobanica 1 (2): 83-106 - get paper here
  • Bansal, Rohini; K. Praveen Karanth 2010. Molecular phylogeny of Hemidactylus geckos (Squamata: Gekkonidae) of the Indian subcontinent reveals a unique Indian radiation and an Indian origin of Asian house geckos. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 57 (1): 459-465 - get paper here
  • Bauer, Aaron M.; Todd R. Jackman, Eli Greenbaum, Varad B. Giri, Anslem de Silva 2010. South Asia supports a major endemic radiation of Hemidactylus geckos. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 57 (1): 343-352 - get paper here
  • Bhupathy, Subramanian & N. Sathishkumar 2013. Status of reptiles in Meghamalai and its environs, Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 5 (15): 4953-4961 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Deraniyagala, P. E. P. 1937. A new gecko Hemidactylus maculatus hunae. Ceylon Journal of Science, 20:185-189.
  • Duméril, A.M. C. and G. Bibron. 1836. Erpetologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 3. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 528 pp. - get paper here
  • GIRI, VARAD B.; AARON M. BAUER, PRATYUSH P. MOHAPATRA, CHELMALA SRINIVASULU, ISHAN AGARWAL 2017. A new species of large-bodied, tuberculate Hemidactylus Oken (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from the Eastern Ghats, India Zootaxa 4347 (2): 331-345 - get paper here
  • Giri, Varad B.; Bauer, Aaron M. 2008. A new ground-dwelling Hemidactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Maharashtra, with a key to the Hemidactylus of India. Zootaxa 1700: 21-34 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1864. The Reptiles of British India. London (Taylor & Francis), xxvii + 452 pp. - get paper here
  • Mahony, Stephen 2009. A New Species of Gecko of the Genus Hemidactylus (Reptilia: Gekkonidae) from Andhra Pradesh, India. Russ. J. Herpetol. 16 (1): 27-34 - get paper here
  • Mirza, Zeeshan A.; Harshal Bhosale, Rishikesh Patil 2017. A new large species of gecko of the genus Hemidactylus Oken, 1817 (Reptilia: Sauria: Gekkonidae) from the Eastern Ghats, India. Comptes Rendus Biologies - get paper here
  • Murthy, T.S.N. 2010. The reptile fauna of India. B.R. Publishing, New Delhi, 332 pp.
  • Nalavade, Sanjeev B. 1997. An oversize rock gecko (Hemidactylus maculatus) from Igatpuri, Maharashtra. Cobra 30: 19-20
  • Palot, M.J. 2015. A checklist of reptiles of Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(13): 8010–8022 - get paper here
  • Patel, Harshil; Raju Vyas, Vaibhav Naik, Bhautik Dudhatra & Shantilal K. Tank 2018. Herpetofauna of the Northern Western Ghats of Gujarat, India. Zoology and Ecology, DOI: 10.1080/21658005.2018.1499237 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Smith,M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Srikanthan, Achyuthan N.; Gandla Chethan Kumar, Aishwarya J. Urs & Sumaithangi Rajagopalan Ganesh 2018. Appearances are deceptive: molecular phylogeny recovers the Scaly Gecko Hemidactylus scabriceps (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae) as a member of a scansorial and rupicolous clade. JoTT 10 (9): 12147–12162 - get paper here
  • Srinivasulu, Chelmala; Aditya Srinivasulu and Gandla Chethan Kumar. 2018. A New Cryptic Rock-dwelling Hemidactylus Oken, 1817 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from northern Karnataka, India. Zootaxa. 4444(1); 25–42. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4444.1.2
  • Stoliczka, F. 1870. Observations on some Indian and Malayan Amphibia and Reptilia. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 39: 134-228. - get paper here
  • Taylor, E.H. 1953. A review of the lizards of Ceylon. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 35 (12): 1525-1585 - get paper here
  • Venugopal, P.D. 2010. An updated and annotated list of Indian lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) based on a review of distribution records and checklists of Indian reptiles. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (3): 725-738. - get paper here
  • Vyas, Raju 2007. Herptofauna of Puma Wildlife Sanctuary, Gujarat, India. Reptile Rap (8): 10-15 - get paper here
  • Ziesmann, S.; Janzen, P. & Klaas, P. 2007. Die Vielfalt der Geckos [Sri Lankas]. Draco 7 (30): 38-44 - get paper here
  • Zwanzig, Bernd-Michael & Wolfgang Grossmann 2013. Halbfingergeckos: Hemidactylus. Die verkannte Gattung. Terraria-Elaphe 2013 (2): 14-27 - get paper here
 
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