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Hemidactylus mercatorius GRAY, 1842

IUCN Red List - Hemidactylus mercatorius - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymHemidactylus mercatorius GRAY 1842: 58
Hemidactylus gardineri BOULENGER 1909 (fide LOVERIDGE 1953)
Hemidactylus persimilis BARBOUR & LOVERIDGE 1928 (fide LOVERIDGE 1947)
Hemidactylus mandanus LOVERIDGE 1936: 60 (fide LOVERIDGE 1947)
Hemidactylus mercatorius — WERMUTH 1965: 81
Hemidactylus mercatorius — KLUGE 1993
Hemidactylus mercatorius — GLAW & VENCES 1994: 278
Hemidactylus mercatorius — RÖSLER 2000: 87
Hemidactylus mercatorius — RÖSLER 2015 
DistributionKenya, Tanzania, Ascension Island (Breviora 471:5), Somalia (Lanza 1990)

Seychelles, Mauritius, Comoro, Madagascar,
Mozambique, Tanzania ?, Kitau/Manda Island, Dar el Salaam Island, Farquhar, Malawi
Introduced to La Réunion.

Type locality: Madagascar; restricted to Farquhar Island, Seychelles by LOVERIDGE 1947. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesType: BMNH 1946.9.7.2 (and possibly additional specimens). 
CommentNot listed for Tanzania by BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991.

H. mercatorius has been synonymized with H. mabouia. 
References
  • Barbour,T. & LOVERIDGE.A. 1928. A comparative study of the herpetological fauna of the Uluguru and Usambara mountains, Tanzania Territory with descriptions of new species. Mem. Mus. comp. Zool. Cambridge (Massachusetts), 50 (2): 85-265 - get paper here
  • BORA, PARFAIT; J. CHRISTIAN RANDRIANANTOANDRO, ROMA RANDRIANAVELONA, ELISOA F. HANTALALAINA, RAPHALI R. ANDRIANTSIMANARILAFY,<br />DANIEL RAKOTONDRAVONY, OLGA R. RAMILIJAONA, MIGUEL VENCES,<br />RICHARD K. B. JENKINS, FRANK GLAW, AND JÖRN KÖHLER 2009. AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF THE TSINGY DE BEMARAHA PLATEAU, WESTERN MADAGASCAR: CHECKLIST, BIOGEOGRAPHY AND CONSERVATION. Herp. Cons. Biol. 5 (1):111-125.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1909. A list of the freshwater fishes, batrachians and reptiles obtained by Mr. J. Stanley Gardiner's expedition to the Indian Ocean. Trans. Linn. Soc. 12: 291-300 - get paper here
  • Boumans, Louis; David R. Vieites, Frank Glaw and Miguel Vences 2007. Geographical patterns of deep mitochondrial differentiation in widespread Malagasy reptiles. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 45 (3): 822-839 - get paper here
  • Carretero, M.A.; Harris, J.D. & Rocha, S. 2005. Recent observation of reptiles in the Comoro islands (Western Indian Ocean). Herpetological Bulletin (91): 19-28
  • D'Cruze, Neil; Annette Olsonn, David Henson, Sunil Kumar, and David Emmett. 2009. The Amphibians and Reptiles of the Lower Onilahy River Valley, a Temporary Protected Area in Southwest Madagascar. Herp. Cons. Biol. 4: 62-79 - get paper here
  • D'Cruze, Neil; Jeremy Sabel, Katie Green, Jeffrey Dawson, Carlie Gardner, Janine Robinson, Georgina Starkie, Miguel Vences, and Frank Glaw. 2007. The First Comprehensive Survey of Amphibians and Reptiles at Montagne des Francais, Madagascar. Herp. Cons. Biol. 2 (2): 87-99 - get paper here
  • Gardner, A.S. 1985. An identification key to the geckos of the Seychelles, with brief notes on their distributions and habits. The Herpetological Journal 1(1): 17-19.
  • Glaw ,F. & Vences, M. 1994. A Fieldguide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Vences & Glaw Verlag, Köln (ISBN 3-929449-01-3)
  • Gray, J. E. 1842. Description of some new species of Reptiles, chiefly from the British Museum collection. Zoological Miscellany 2: 57-59. - get paper here
  • Hawlitschek, Oliver; Boris Brückmann, Johannes Berger, Katie Green, Frank Glaw 2011. Integrating field surveys and remote sensing data to study distribution, habitat use and conservation status of the herpetofauna of the Comoro Islands. ZooKeys 144: 21-79 - get paper here
  • Lanza, B. 1990. Amphibians and reptiles of the Somali Democratic Republic: check list and biogeography. Biogeographia, 14: 407-465 [1988]
  • Loveridge, A. 1936. New geckos of the genus Hemidactylus from Zanzibar and Manda Islands. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 49:59-62 - get paper here
  • Loveridge,A. 1947. Revision of the African lizards of the family Gekkondiae. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 98: 1-469 - get paper here
  • Rakotoarison, Andolalao; Jesse Erens, Fanomezana M. Ratsoavina, Miguel Vences 2015. Amphibian and reptile records from around the Betsiboka delta area in North-Western Madagascar Herpetology Notes 8: 535-543 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Rösler, Herbert 2015. Bemerkungen über einige Geckos der Zoologischen Staatssammlung München. Gekkota, Suppl. (2): 3-54
  • SANCHEZ, Mickaël & Jean-Michel PROBST 2015. L’herpétofaune terrestre de l’île d’Europa (Océan Indien, Canal du Mozambique) : synthèse des connaissances et nouvelles données sur la répartition et l’écologie des espèces en vue de leur conservation. Bull. Soc. Herp. France 156: 63-76
  • Sanchez, Mickaël; Sara Rocha & Jean-Michel PRobSt 2012. Un nouveau gecko nocturne naturalisé sur l’île de La Réunion: Hemidactylus mercatorius Gray, 1842 (Reptilia : Squamata : Gekkonidae). Bull. Soc. Herp. France (142-143): 89-106
  • Sassi, Anna Romoli; Russell, Anthony P.; Lanza, Benedetto 1972. On a previously unrecorded gekkonid lizard from Somalia: Hemidactylus mercatorius Gray 1842. Monitore Zoologico Italiano 4 (14): 317-326
  • Vences, M., Wanke, S., Vietes, D.R., Branch, W.R., Glaw, F., Meyer,<br />A. 2004. Natural colonization or introduction? Phylogeographic relationships and morphological differentiation of house geckos (Hemidactylus) from Madagascar. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 83, 115–130 - get paper here
 
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