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Hemidactylus raya SRINIVASULU, KUMAR & SRINIVASULU, 2022

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Deccan giant leaf-toed gecko / Deccan giant rock gecko. 
SynonymHemidactylus raya SRINIVASULU, KUMAR & SRINIVASULU in KUMAR et al. 2022: 316 
DistributionIndia (Karnataka)

Type locality: near Vithala Temple ruins (15.3416° N, 78.4742° E; 423 m a.s.l.), Hampi, Karnataka, India  
TypesHolotype. NHMOU.REP.H75.2017, adult female; collected by Gandla Chethan Kumar & C. Srinivasulu, on 3rd February 2017.
Paratype. NHMOU.REP.H82.2017, Adult male; collected on 4th February 2017; other details same as holotype.
Additional material. BNHS 1510, male, Basapur (15.3636° N, 76.4013° E; 468 m a.s.l.), Koppal District, Karnataka, India; collected by Ashok Captain. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A large-sized Hemidactylus (SVL averaging 101.10 ± 12.30 mm, n=2; maximum SVL up to 113 mm). Dorsal pholidosis homogenous with more or less uniform, irregularly sized and shaped small granular scales; complete absence of enlarged tubercles on midbody dorsum. First supralabial in contact with nasal, but not in contact with the nostril. Two well-developed pairs of postmentals, inner pair broadly in contact with each other and considerably larger than the outer pair. Ventrolateral folds indistinct, 38–39 scale rows across venter. Enlarged scansors on all digits; 11–12 (manus) and 10–12 (pes) divided scansors beneath first digit, and 13–15 (manus) and 14–16 (pes) beneath the fourth digit. 17 femoral pores on each thigh, separated by seven poreless scales in the male. 15–16 supralabials and 10–12 infralabials. Tail depressed, oval in transverse section without a median dorsal furrow; scales on the tail large and imbricate, slightly larger than dorsals of body; ventral scales of tail large and imbricate, separated with medial row of transversely enlarged and irregularly arranged subcaudal plates. (Kumar et al. 2022) 
CommentDistribution: see map in Kumar et al. 2023: 313 (Fig. 8) 
EtymologyThe specific epithet, singular nominative noun raya is derived from the Kannada word râya, meaning ‘king’ as the species was discovered in Hampi, the capital of the Vijayanagara empire (1336–1646 AD), the kings of which were titled ‘Râya’. 
  • KUMAR, GANDLA CHETHAN; ADITYA SRINIVASULU, CHELMALA SRINIVASULU 2022. Redescription of Hemidactylus giganteus Stoliczka, 1871 with the description of three new allied species (Squamata: Gekkonidae: Hemidactylus Goldfuss, 1820) from peninsular India. Zootaxa 5115 (3): 301-341 - get paper here
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