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Hemidactylus saxicolus KUMAR, SRINIVASULU & SRINIVASULU, 2022

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Saxatile leaf-toed gecko or Saxatile rock gecko. 
SynonymHemidactylus saxicolus KUMAR, SRINIVASULU & SRINIVASULU 2022: 323 
DistributionIndia (Karnataka)

Type locality: Raichur Fort (16.1994° N, 77.3494° E; 462 m a.s.l.), Raichur, Karnataka, India  
TypesHolotype. NHM.OU.REP.H113-2017, adult male; collected by Gandla Chethan Kumar and Krishna Prasad Kante on 7th February, 2017.
Paratypes. NHM.OU.REP.H28-2017, adult female, Maliyabad (16.1449° N, 77.3482° E; 458 m a.s.l.), Raichur, Karnataka, India; collected by Chelmala Srinivasulu and Aditya Srinivasulu on 7th February, 2017. NHM. OU.REP.H114-2017, adult female, other details as in holotype.
Additional material. NHM.OU.REP.H115-2015, adult male, NHM.OU.REP.H116-2015, adult female, (16.6707° N, 77.8334° E; 431 m a.s.l.), Gaddeguda, Mahbubnagar, Telangana State, India; collection by Gandla Chethan Kumar and Krishna Prasad Kante on 4th October, 2015. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A large sized Hemidactylus (SVL averaging 108.0±15.4 mm; n=5; maximum SVL up to 122 mm). Dorsal pholidosis homogenous with more or less uniform, irregularly sized and shaped small granular scales; complete absence of enlarged dorsal tubercles at the midbody. First supralabial is in contact with nasal, but not in contact with nostril. Two well-developed pairs of postmentals, inner pair broadly in contact with each other and considerably larger than the outer pair. Ventrolateral folds indistinct, 42–44 scale rows across venter. Enlarged scansors on all digits; 11–13 (manus) and 11–13 (pes) divided scansors beneath first digit, and 14–16 (manus) and 16–17 (pes) beneath fourth digit. 26–27 femoral pores on each thigh, separated by nine poreless scales in males. Tail depressed, oval in transverse section without a median dorsal furrow; scales on the tail large and imbricate, separated with medial row of transversely enlarged subcaudal plates; first five subcaudals irregularly arranged, while the rest are in a series. (Kumar et al. 2022) 
CommentDistribution: see map in Kumar et al. 2023: 313 (Fig. 8) 
EtymologyThe specific epithet is a nominative adjective meaning rock-dwelling, from the combination of Latin words saxum meaning stone and -colus to inhabit, derived from Latin colere to dwell. 
  • KUMAR, GANDLA CHETHAN; ADITYA SRINIVASULU, CHELMALA SRINIVASULU 2022. Redescription of Hemidactylus giganteus Stoliczka, 1871 with the description of three new allied species (Squamata: Gekkonidae: Hemidactylus Goldfuss, 1820) from peninsular India. Zootaxa 5115 (3): 301-341 - get paper here
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