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Hemidactylus sirumalaiensis KHANDEKAR, THACKERAY, PAWAR & AGARWAL, 2020

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common Names 
SynonymHemidactylus sirumalaiensis KHANDEKAR, THACKERAY, PAWAR & AGARWAL 2020 
DistributionIndia (Tamil Nadu)

Type locality: Sirumalai massif (10.281944° N, 77.994722° E; ca. 580 m asl.), Dindigul district, Tamil Nadu state, India  
TypesHolotype. NCBS-BH743 (AK 908), adult male, collected by Akshay Khandekar, Ishan Agarwal and Swapnil Pawar on 16 Oct 2019.
Paratypes. NCBS-BH747 (AK 914), NCBS-BH748 (AK 915), NCBS-BH749 (AK 917), adult males, NCBS- BH744 (AK 909), NCBS-BH746 (AK 911), NCBS-BH750 (AK 922), adult females, NCBS-BH745 (AK 910), juvenile, same collection data as holotype. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A medium-sized Hemidactylus, SVL <95 mm (n=8). Dorsal pholidosis heterogeneous, comprising subcircular granular scales intermixed with fairly regularly arranged longitudinal rows of enlarged, strongly keeled, pointed tubercles that are heterogeneous in shape and size, extending from occiput to tail; enlarged tubercles smallest on central two parasagittal rows, gradually increasing in size and becoming conical toward flanks, last two rows on flanks smaller and strongly conical; 17 or 18 dorsal tubercle rows at mid-body, 22–26 tubercles in paravertebral rows. Ventrolateral folds indistinct; about 36–38 ventral scale rows at mid-body. Digits with enlarged scansors, lamellae in straight transverse series, all divided except the apical and a few basal that are undivided, nine or 10 lamellae beneath first digit and 11 or 12 beneath fourth digit of manus and pes. Males with 16–18 femoral pores on each side separated by 13–15 poreless scales. Tail with 4–8 much enlarged, strongly keeled, conical tubercles forming whorls; median row of subcaudal plates large, covering almost entire underside of tail; two (rarely 1) subequal postcloacal spurs on each side that are much smaller than dorsal tubercles at mid-body. Dorsal colouration brown with five transversely arranged dark >0< shaped markings running from occiput to sacrum, tail with alternating light and dark bars, limbs with irregular dark bands (Khandekar et al. 2020: 95). 
EtymologyThe specific epithet is a toponym for the Sirumalai Massif, the only known locality of the species. 
  • KHANDEKAR, AKSHAY; TEJAS THACKERAY, SWAPNIL PAWAR, ISHAN AGARWAL 2020. A new medium-bodied rupicolous Hemidactylus Goldfuss, 1820 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from the Sirumalai massif, Tamil Nadu, India. Zootaxa 4852 (1): 83–100 - get paper here
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